проект по английскому.pptx
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THE TUBE The Tube
The Chronicles of Narnia THE BRITISHGO BY THE UNDERGROUND OR THE TUBE (AS THEY CALL IT) EVERY DAY. THE TUBE TRANSPORTS SEVERAL MILLION PEOPLE A DAY T DIFFERENT PARTS OF LONDON. TODAY THE TUBE ALSO A COMPONENT OF POP CULTURE – EXHIBITIONS ARE ARRANGED THERE, FILMS ARE SHOT, AND SOME STATIONS BECAME WORKS OF ART. MANY TOURISTS COME FROM OTHER COUNTRIES TO LOOK AT THEM.
1) The Londoners needed the underground in the second half of the 19 th century, because the number of workers in the city started growing and the city's population reached 2 million, so there were lots of traffic jams.
2) The Idea to put the train underground didn`t seem very surprising to the people in that time, because there already existed the tunnel under the Thames which was successfully used for transportation. Tunnel during construction The tunnel is so called because In 1814 Marc Brunel invented Tunnel Shieldafterwards the most effective means of subway in the world. And this technology has been used here/) Tunnel Brunel located at a depth of 23 meters below the water surface, has a crosssection 6 to 11 meters and a length of 396 meters.
Here you can see how it looks Until 1869 the tunnel was used as a pedestrian one, but when the first section of the rails was put, the trains started moving there. This is the oldest section of London underground existing till the present.
The tube was invented by Charles Pearson. In 1853 North Metropolitan was founded, which held the first tunnel on Easton Square in January 1860. Charles Pearson did not live up to the opening of the tube, he died in January 1862/((( Further. .
The 10 -th of January in 1863 officially launched the first line of the London Underground, a length of 3 kilometers 600 meters.
Minister of Finance of Britain William Gladstone, as well as directors and engineers of Metropolitan Railway Company take an inspection tour of the tunnel, the world's first underground line in 1862
London Underground has been the world's only tube for steam trains
In 1900 Central London Railway was opened, which became the Central line of the London Underground. In the photo – an underground train. It can be driven in both directions
Workers are destroying the main wall in the path of the Central subway line; 1912
An underground train carriage transported through the streets of London; 1926
Metro during the war.
Advertising tube; 20 th The Tube during the war. The tube was used as an air-raid shelter. People even gave concerts in the underground. Here you can one of them. Further. .
Metro during the war. German air attack does not stop learning for children; 1940
This is no ordinary escalator. This is the entrance to an underground aircraft factory, located in one of the subway stations; 1943. (Это не обычный эскалатор, как вы подумали, это вход на подземный авиазавод, расположенный на одной из станций метрополитена; 1943).