- Количество слайдов: 14
The Passive De lijdende vorm in het Engels, lastiger, en helaas meer gebruikt dan in het Nederlands
Hoe maak je the Passive? • • Je zet het lijdend voorwerp voorop. Je voegt een vorm van ‘to be’ toe. Het hoofdwerkwoord wordt volt. dw. Soms krijg je een bepaling die begint met ‘by’.
Een voorbeeld • John washes the car every week. • washes = ott dus gebruiken we de ott van be. • the car = lijdend voorwerp, dat zetten we voorop. • The car is washed (by John) every week.
The present ( ott) • Jimmy buys a new car every year. • A new car is bought by Jimmy every year. • He is washing the car at the moment. • The car is being washed at the moment.
De mogelijkheden van the present • am • is • are + voltooid deelwoord • am • is • are + being + volt. dw.
The past (ovt) • He sold the house a few weeks ago. • The house was sold a few weeks ago. • They were showing a new movie. • A new movie was being shown.
De mogelijkheden van the past • was • were + voltooid deelwoord • was • were + being + volt. dw.
The perfect (vtt + vvt) • He has read the new Harry Potter. • The new Harry Potter has been read. • They had told us the story before. • The story had been told to us before.
De mogelijkheden van the perfect • has • have + been + volt. dw. • had + been + volt. dw.
The future (ottt) en andere hulpww • He will tell us the story tomorrow. • The story will be told to us tomorrow. • She can teach English in Sleeuwijk. • English can be taught in Sleeuwijk.
De mogelijkheden met hulpww • • shall/should will/would can/could must + be+ volt. dw.
Some practice • Johnny is using a new computer game. • A new computer game is being used. • Karen reads Animal Farm. • Animal Farm is read by Karen.
• They have sold 20 lottery tickets. • 20 lottery tickets have been sold. • We will always tell the truth. • The truth will always be told. • They published 500 books last year. • 500 books were published last year.
Different practice was told • The news ____ (tell) at school yesterday. are bought • Trainers __ mostly ____ (buy) by teenagers. will be taken • Drugs _______ (take) by more and more young people in the future. has been sold • The new magazine __ just _____ (sell) out are told • Lies ___ often ___ (tell) out of fear.