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The IMPERFECT Tense LEARNING OBJECTIVES: This powerpoint will teach you how: • To form The IMPERFECT Tense LEARNING OBJECTIVES: This powerpoint will teach you how: • To form the imperfect tense • To use the imperfect tense • To improve the quality of imperfect sentences

The IMPERFECT Tense The IMPERFECT tense is used to talk about what you: USED The IMPERFECT Tense The IMPERFECT tense is used to talk about what you: USED TO DO

The IMPERFECT Tense Example: Foundation 1. Take the present tense of the verb in The IMPERFECT Tense Example: Foundation 1. Take the present tense of the verb in the “NOUS” form. 2. Take off the “-ONS” Let’s take “jouer” Nous jouons Add the following ending: jou ais Je jouais- I used to play

The IMPERFECT Tense Some examples… J’allais chez ma tante I used to go to The IMPERFECT Tense Some examples… J’allais chez ma tante I used to go to my aunt’s house Nous allions en vacances en France We used to go on holiday to France Je n’aimais pas aller à l’école I did not use to like to go to school Je ne faisais jamais mes devoirs I never used to do my homework Je voulais être prof de français I used to want to be a teacher Mes profs disaient que j’étais…. . My teachers used to say that I was…. .

The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK There are three ways to improve your Imperfect The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK There are three ways to improve your Imperfect Tense sentences : 1 ADVERBS OF TIME Say when you do something by using one of the following adverbs of time : ADVERBS chaque semaine, mois, année every week, month, year le week-end on the weekends le lundi, le mardi. . . on Mondays, on Tuesdays. . . tous les jours every day SET STRUCTURES Quand j’étais jeune When I was young Quand j’étais petit (e) When I was small Dans le passé In the past

The IMPERFECT Tense So, let’s use some of the earlier sentences together with an The IMPERFECT Tense So, let’s use some of the earlier sentences together with an adverb of time & frequency to improve our Imperfect sentences Examples Chaque semaine j’allais chez ma tante Every week I used to go to my aunt’s house Le weekend je ne faisais pas mes devoirs At the weekend I never used to do my homework Quand j’étais jeune je voulais être prof de français When I was young I used to want to be a French teacher Dans le passé je n’aimais pas aller à l’école In the past I did not use to like going to school

The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK 2 TALK ABOUT A DIFFERENT PERSON Talk about The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK 2 TALK ABOUT A DIFFERENT PERSON Talk about somebody else (your sister, your friend, etc) You will need to add these endings: Je Tu Il Elle On Nous Vous Ils Elles -ais -ait -ions -iez -aient

Example: Higher Let’s take “jouer” 1. Take the present tense of the verb in Example: Higher Let’s take “jouer” 1. Take the present tense of the verb in the “NOUS” form. 2. Take off the “-ONS” Nous jouons 3. Add the endings: jou Je jouais Tu jouais Il jouait Elle jouait On jouait Nous jouions Vous jouiez Ils jouaient Elles jouaient - I used to play - You used to play (s) - He used to play - She used to play - One used to play - We used to play - You used to play (pl) - They used to play (m) - They used to play (f)

Formation * * * Take the present tense of the verb in the “NOUS” Formation * * * Take the present tense of the verb in the “NOUS” form. Take off the “-ONS” Add the following endings: Je -AIS Tu -AIS Il / elle / on -AIT Nous -IONS Vous -IEZ Ils / elles -AIENT

The IMPERFECT Tense So, let’s use some of the earlier sentences and change a The IMPERFECT Tense So, let’s use some of the earlier sentences and change a different person to improve our Imperfect sentences Chaque semaine Every week Le weekend At the weekend Examples j’allais chez ma tante il allait sa He used to go to his aunt’s house elle étudait le français j’étudais She used to study French

The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK 3 SAY WHY YOU USED TO DO SOMETHING The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR WORK 3 SAY WHY YOU USED TO DO SOMETHING You will need to use: C’ÉTAIT + adjective = it was + adjective

The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR LANGUAGE 1. J’allais chez ma tante souvent car c’était The IMPERFECT Tense IMPROVE YOUR LANGUAGE 1. J’allais chez ma tante souvent car c’était amusant. 1. I used to go to my aunt’s house because it was fun. 2. Je n’aimais pas aller à l’école car c’était trop difficile. 2. I didn’t used to like to go to school because it was too difficult.

The IMPERFECT Tense Can you put this all together? 1 + 2 + 3 The IMPERFECT Tense Can you put this all together? 1 + 2 + 3 Say when Different person Say why To make a HIGHER LEVEL sentence

The IMPERFECT Tense 2 Different person Higher 3 Why 1 When Le weekend, elle The IMPERFECT Tense 2 Different person Higher 3 Why 1 When Le weekend, elle visitait le musée de Liverpool car c’était intéressant. At the weekends, she used to visit the Liverpool museum because it was interesting.

The IMPERFECT Tense REMEMBER!! Once you have learnt this tense, you can use it The IMPERFECT Tense REMEMBER!! Once you have learnt this tense, you can use it to talk about ANY GCSE topic: 1. LIFESTYLE Health / Relationships & Choices 2. LEISURE Free Time & Media / Holidays 3. HOME & ENVIRONMENT Home & Local Area / Environment 4. WORK & EDUCATION School & Future Plans / Current & Future Jobs

Je……+ nous jouons + ais je mangeais des salades je faisais du jogging je Je……+ nous jouons + ais je mangeais des salades je faisais du jogging je partageais ma chambre avec ma souer je visitais ma grand-mère je jouais au foot je faisais de l’équitation j’allais en Espagne je visitais le show de danse flamenco je mangeais au Mc. Do je récevais beaucoup des cadeaux je prenais une douche j’allais beaucoup en ville je travaillais dans un supermarché je voulais aller à l’université j’étudiais beaucoup j’allais au collège à pied

The IMPERFECT Tense QUICK QUIZ How much you have remembered ? The IMPERFECT Tense QUICK QUIZ How much you have remembered ?

The IMPERFECT Tense 1. LIFESTYLE Health / Relationships & Choices Je mangeais des salades The IMPERFECT Tense 1. LIFESTYLE Health / Relationships & Choices Je mangeais des salades I used to eat salads Je faisais du jogging I used to go jogging Je partageais ma chambre avec ma soeur I used to share my bedroom with my sister Je visitais ma grand-mère I used to visit my grandmother

The IMPERFECT Tense 2. LEISURE Free Time & Media / Holidays Je jouais au The IMPERFECT Tense 2. LEISURE Free Time & Media / Holidays Je jouais au foot I used to play football Je faisais de l’équitation I used to do horse-riding J’allais à Espagne I used to go to Spain Je visitais le show de danse flamenco I used to visit the Flamenco Show

The IMPERFECT Tense 3. HOME & ENVIRONMENT Home & Local Area / Environment Je The IMPERFECT Tense 3. HOME & ENVIRONMENT Home & Local Area / Environment Je mangeais au Mc. Do I used to eat at Mc. Donalds Je récevais beaucoup des cadeaux I used to receive lots of presents Je prenais une douche I used to take a shower J’allais beaucoup en ville I used to go to town a lot

The IMPERFECT Tense 4. WORK & EDUCATION School & Future Plans / Current & The IMPERFECT Tense 4. WORK & EDUCATION School & Future Plans / Current & Future Jobs J’étudiais beaucoup I used to study hard J’allais au collège à pied I used to walk to school Je travaillais dans un supermarché I used to work in a supermarket Je voulais aller à l’université I used to want to go to university

The IMPERFECT Tense Now it’s YOUR turn The IMPERFECT Tense Now it’s YOUR turn

The IMPERFECT Tense Adverbs of time / Openers Chaque semaine Le week-end Dans le The IMPERFECT Tense Adverbs of time / Openers Chaque semaine Le week-end Dans le passé Quand j’étais petite Quand j’étais jeune - every week - at the weekend - in the past - when I was small - when I was young How many of your own sentences can you make using the following tables to help you? Verb in the Imperfect Tense Je visitais ma grand-mère J’allais au cinéma Je jouais au volley Je faisais de l’équitation Je mangeais au Mc. Do J’allais beaucoup en ville Je ne faisais pas mes devoirs Reasons Parce que c’était / car c’était génial / chouette / extra amusant / drôle intéressant ennuyeux - because it was - great / brilliant - fun - interesting - boring - I used to visit my grandmother - I used to go to the cinema - I used to play volley ball - I used to do horse-riding - I used to eat at Mc. Donalds - I used to go to town a lot - I did not use to do my homework

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