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The History of Modern Zionism through Numismatics By Simcha Kuritzky ANA World’s Fair of The History of Modern Zionism through Numismatics By Simcha Kuritzky ANA World’s Fair of Money, July 2008

Zion-ism Zion-ism

Jerusalem c. 1000 BCE – 930 BCE Kings David and Solomon Jerusalem c. 1000 BCE – 930 BCE Kings David and Solomon

By the Rivers of Babylon… 587 BCE First Temple Destroyed By the Rivers of Babylon… 587 BCE First Temple Destroyed

Zion Restored… c. 536 -515 BCE Persians permit rebuilding of Temple Zion Restored… c. 536 -515 BCE Persians permit rebuilding of Temple

…and Lost Again Illustration © 1978 Abba Eban and David Bamberger 70 CE Romans …and Lost Again Illustration © 1978 Abba Eban and David Bamberger 70 CE Romans destroy Second Temple and Jewish Autonomy

Medieval Jewry Medieval Jewry

The Modern Era 1781 -2 Austrian Emancipation Proclamations The Modern Era 1781 -2 Austrian Emancipation Proclamations

Napoleon Bonaparte in Eretz Israel Napoleon Bonaparte in Eretz Israel

Napoleon Bonaparte in France Napoleon Bonaparte in France

Revolutions Revolutions

Early Settlement Early Settlement

Early Settlement Early Settlement

Early Settlement Early Settlement

Other Refuges Other Refuges

Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism

Modern Political Zionism Modern Political Zionism

Herzl and Der Kaiser Herzl and Der Kaiser

Jewish Colonial Trust Jewish Colonial Trust

Jewish National Fund קק׳ל Jewish National Fund קק׳ל

Land of Israel Land of Israel

The Great War The Great War

The Great War October 1917 The Great War October 1917

Britain & France Divide Up the Middle East Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature Britain & France Divide Up the Middle East Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature

The Great War November 2, 1917 The Great War November 2, 1917

Support for an Arab Homeland ZO leader Weizmann meets with Emir (later King) Faisal Support for an Arab Homeland ZO leader Weizmann meets with Emir (later King) Faisal

1920 San Remo Conference Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature 1920 San Remo Conference Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature

1920 San Remo Conference 1920 San Remo Conference

1919 Hagana (Defense) 1919 Hagana (Defense)

1925 Revisionists 1925 Revisionists

Rise of Anti-Semitism Rise of Anti-Semitism

1927 Palestine Currency Board 1927 Palestine Currency Board

1929 Jewish Agency Originally 1 franc, 1 mark, 1 kroner, 2 shillings, half a 1929 Jewish Agency Originally 1 franc, 1 mark, 1 kroner, 2 shillings, half a dollar, or 40 kopeks

Publicity Publicity

1934 An Alternative Zion Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature 1934 An Alternative Zion Illustration © 1992 Hachette Litterature

1934 Transfer Agreement 1934 Transfer Agreement

1936 -39 Arab Revolt 1936 -39 Arab Revolt

1941 -45 Genocide 1941 -45 Genocide

Displaced Persons Camps Displaced Persons Camps

November, 1947 U. N. votes to create Jewish state November, 1947 U. N. votes to create Jewish state

May, 1948 Israel born May, 1948 Israel born