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The Greeks 2000 b. c. - 430 b. c. The Greeks 2000 b. c. - 430 b. c.

The Greeks 2000 b. c. - 430 b. c. The Greeks 2000 b. c. - 430 b. c.

Aristocracy = Warriors First to use the Sea Became Raiders = Wealth = Education Aristocracy = Warriors First to use the Sea Became Raiders = Wealth = Education

800 b. c. Greeks develop language with Vowels Taken from Phoenicians 800 b. c. Greeks develop language with Vowels Taken from Phoenicians

776 b. c. The First Olympics Olympia - City of Gods 776 b. c. The First Olympics Olympia - City of Gods

683 b. c. Greece is an Aristocracy What is Aristocracy? Begin to elect Citizens 683 b. c. Greece is an Aristocracy What is Aristocracy? Begin to elect Citizens to run the affairs of Greece

594 b. c. Solon Ruler of Athens Creates the Council of 400 (Ordinary people) 594 b. c. Solon Ruler of Athens Creates the Council of 400 (Ordinary people)

1/10 participation Excluded: Women, Slaves, Foreigners 1/10 participation Excluded: Women, Slaves, Foreigners

Read Pg. 6 Paragraph 2 What is reform? What elements described do you see Read Pg. 6 Paragraph 2 What is reform? What elements described do you see in today’s world?

Who was the founder of Democracy in Athens? Cleisthenes (pg. 6) Explain Phonetics Who was the founder of Democracy in Athens? Cleisthenes (pg. 6) Explain Phonetics

Battle Athens v. Sparta Results in Democracy for Athens More power = More people Battle Athens v. Sparta Results in Democracy for Athens More power = More people

City Dionysia held Singing, Dance, Poetry Thespis acted out poems he read thus he City Dionysia held Singing, Dance, Poetry Thespis acted out poems he read thus he is the first actor Early 400’s b. c. Thesbian

Greeks organized into “City-States” Military Loyalty of the people Provide food Government elected Greeks organized into “City-States” Military Loyalty of the people Provide food Government elected

Sparta All male citizens soldiers (age) Women own land Slaves provide food Strong but Sparta All male citizens soldiers (age) Women own land Slaves provide food Strong but avoided war (Afraid soldiers might like it better elsewhere)

Athens More law and rules Farmers own farms All landowners voted Wine and Olive Athens More law and rules Farmers own farms All landowners voted Wine and Olive Oil=wealth

Around 600 b. c. and beyond Greek ideas spread Hellenistic period Around 600 b. c. and beyond Greek ideas spread Hellenistic period

491 b. c. The threat of Persia 491 b. c. The threat of Persia

Persian King Darius Demands Greek Payments (intimidation) Athens and Sparta Refuse Persian King Darius Demands Greek Payments (intimidation) Athens and Sparta Refuse

Phidippides runs from Marathon to Sparta to ask for help 26. 2 Miles Sparta Phidippides runs from Marathon to Sparta to ask for help 26. 2 Miles Sparta Unable to Help

Persians defeated First Alliance formed Against Persians Persians defeated First Alliance formed Against Persians

Greeks later develop rules for “Citizenship” Greeks later develop rules for “Citizenship”

Socrates Step - by - Step questioning learning to think for self Socrates Step - by - Step questioning learning to think for self

Plato Student of Socrates Political Science Good should rule Self questioning Plato Student of Socrates Political Science Good should rule Self questioning

Aristotle Plato’s student Scientific Method Hypothesis Wrote 200 books Science Classification Aristotle Plato’s student Scientific Method Hypothesis Wrote 200 books Science Classification

The Roman Republic (Citizens elect leaders) Patricians (Landowners-Aristocrats) Plebeians (Farmers, Craftsmen, Merchants) The Roman Republic (Citizens elect leaders) Patricians (Landowners-Aristocrats) Plebeians (Farmers, Craftsmen, Merchants)

Consuls and the Senate 2 Consuls Rule Together Senate advise Elected Later Dictators in Consuls and the Senate 2 Consuls Rule Together Senate advise Elected Later Dictators in time of struggle

Rome Controls Large Empire Too large Modern Technology would have helped Rome Controls Large Empire Too large Modern Technology would have helped

Preview 10. 1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles in ancient Greek and Preview 10. 1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles in ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, in Judaism, and in Christianity to the development of Western political thought. Project #1

Judaism The Torah Abraham Chosen Father Palestine (Israel) Homeland Morality Taught 1 God 10 Judaism The Torah Abraham Chosen Father Palestine (Israel) Homeland Morality Taught 1 God 10 Commandments 2000 b. c. Read pg. 13 (A creative to high moral standards)

Christianity Jesus (Jew) Stressed Love and good will Crucifixion Bible 1 God Paul founder Christianity Jesus (Jew) Stressed Love and good will Crucifixion Bible 1 God Paul founder Christianity Spread thru Roman Empire later read pg. 13 (Teachings of Christianity)

The Reformation 16 th Century The Reformation 16 th Century

What invention changed the world more than any other ? What invention changed the world more than any other ?

The Printing Press The Invention the Changed the World and religion more than any The Printing Press The Invention the Changed the World and religion more than any other invention in history.

How do you think the invention of the Printing Press changed the World? How do you think the invention of the Printing Press changed the World?

German Johann GUTENBERG 1455 Printing Press Not improved until well into the 19 th German Johann GUTENBERG 1455 Printing Press Not improved until well into the 19 th century

Gutenberg's first the year 1455. book, a Latin Bible, was completed about The essential Gutenberg's first the year 1455. book, a Latin Bible, was completed about The essential features of Gutenberg's invention included lead-alloy type cast in an adjustable mold, oil-based inks, and a wooden printing press in which a large screw moved the upper part, the platen, up or down against paper laid over type on the lower surface, the bed.

What invention in your life has changed your world ? In what way has What invention in your life has changed your world ? In what way has it changed it ?

The Start of the Reformation The Start of the Reformation

Why do religious organizations ask for money ? Pay the bills Pay the workers Why do religious organizations ask for money ? Pay the bills Pay the workers Charity work Sometimes greed

Why do people give to religious organizations ? To help someone unfortunate Support the Why do people give to religious organizations ? To help someone unfortunate Support the church they belong to Make them feel good Buy a ticket to heaven

1200 -1400 The Church in Rome had become corrupt 1200 -1400 The Church in Rome had become corrupt

In the 1500’s the Church was selling indulgences What does it mean to indulge In the 1500’s the Church was selling indulgences What does it mean to indulge yourself ?

Martin Luther : German Professor of Scripture 1500’s Martin Luther : German Professor of Scripture 1500’s

1517 Martin Luther posted the 95 theses to protest the sale of indulgences 1517 Martin Luther posted the 95 theses to protest the sale of indulgences

Martin Luther believed that salvation came from faith in Christ, not from the Church Martin Luther believed that salvation came from faith in Christ, not from the Church leaders

With the help of German officials (who wanted to take the Church land) Luther With the help of German officials (who wanted to take the Church land) Luther was protected from the church and new religion began : Lutherism

Word of Luther spread and the Protestant movement began What allowed the word to Word of Luther spread and the Protestant movement began What allowed the word to spread ?

What does a Christian believe in ? The Bible The word of Jesus Christ What does a Christian believe in ? The Bible The word of Jesus Christ

Is a Catholic a Christian ? Is a Catholic a Christian ?

What is a Protestant ? A Christian that is not Catholic such as : What is a Protestant ? A Christian that is not Catholic such as : Lutheran, Presbyterian, Baptist, Mormon etc.

What is the difference between a Protestant and a Catholic ? What is the difference between a Protestant and a Catholic ?

What’s the Same ? Catholics and Protestants Christ God Bible What’s the Same ? Catholics and Protestants Christ God Bible

What’s the difference ? Catholics Protestants Priests (No Sex) Priests are godlike Rules from What’s the difference ? Catholics Protestants Priests (No Sex) Priests are godlike Rules from the Church The Pope Confession Ministers (Marriage) First among equals Rules from Bible Local Leaders No Confession

The English Reformation Part Five The English Reformation Part Five

Henry VIII raises taxes (unpopular) uses money to keep out invaders Improve the court Henry VIII raises taxes (unpopular) uses money to keep out invaders Improve the court system Art and Literature

Henry VIII Married Catherine of Aragon She doesn’t provide a son He wants a Henry VIII Married Catherine of Aragon She doesn’t provide a son He wants a divorce Pope doesn’t allow divorce

Henry ends the church and starts the Church of England (they allow divorce) 5 Henry ends the church and starts the Church of England (they allow divorce) 5 More Wives follow Kids - Edward, Mary,

Edward VI (1547 -1553) dies as a minor Edward VI (1547 -1553) dies as a minor

Mary I (Bloody Mary) Wants Catholic return burns Protestants Returns Power to the Pope Mary I (Bloody Mary) Wants Catholic return burns Protestants Returns Power to the Pope dies 1558 Show Elizabeth Clip

Elisabeth I Hard but kind Dedicated to England Involved different viewpoints Elisabeth I Hard but kind Dedicated to England Involved different viewpoints

Elizabeth I Involves all in the Arts including commoners Refuses to Marry Elizabeth I Involves all in the Arts including commoners Refuses to Marry

Time of William Shakespeare Drama Comedy Tragedy History Romance Time of William Shakespeare Drama Comedy Tragedy History Romance