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THE GOSPEL—IN THE 1 Pe 1: 9 -12 “Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your. PROPHETS souls. Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: you Searching what, or what manner of time THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST WHICH WAS IN THEM DID SIGNIFY, SIGNIFY when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Spirit sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into” The prophets lived doctrine
“The Spirit of Christ was in the prophets; so the apostle Peter says (1 Pet 1: 11). And this being so, the prophets NOT ONLY spoke beforehand of Christ, and typically represented him, but of necessity they him spoke things that were only partially and proximately applicable to themselves. This is very evident in the words of Isa. Lxi (61), words with which Jesus appropriated to himself in the synagogue of the Jews”—C. C. Walker, Ministry of the Prophets, Isaiah, pg. 707 “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the me LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives…” Isa 61: 1 Through Actions and Testimony the Prophets revealed doctrine
“Sometimes the prophet spoke things, as it were, in his own name, which were utterly inapplicable to himself individually, as for instance, when David said ‘My flesh shall rest in hope, for thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption’ (Psa xvi. 10). David individually is not the subject of this prophecy though, of course included in its operation. So Peter and Paul alike argue (Acts ii. 29; xiii. 36). ”—C. C. Walker, Ministry of the Prophets, Isaiah, pg. 707 “Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the womb bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; sword in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me…” Isa 49: 1 -2 me
Rev 4: 1 -2 “I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter. And immediately I was in the spirit…” spirit “John was a dramatic person; or, one through whom person was represented in actions certain things not narrated. When in Patmos, and about to behold narrated something pertaining to ‘the Day of the Lord, ’ he says he was ‘in spirit. ’ This is equivalent to saying that, when he shall behold the reality of the similitude he saw in spirit, he will also be ‘in spirit’; which likewise intimates, by implication, that he will have previously risen from among the dead and be spirit. The voice, then, he heard behind him as the loud sound of a trumpet, was a symbolic voice of
Dan 10: 7 -10 “And I Daniel alone saw the vision… Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, alone and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness me was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no corruption strength. Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground. And, face behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my me knees and upon the palms of my hands” “DANIEL’S SYMBOLIC DEATH—Though Daniel knew DEATH that the great restoration was yet far off, his personal future is now revealed to him in symbolic actions. An angel informs him that he will be part of this ‘Man of the One, ’ through death and resurrection”— Expositor, pg 273 -276
Rev 1: 17 “And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto dead me, Fear not; I am the first and the last” “John goes through the same process as did Daniel when he saw a similar vision. In doing so, both prophet and apostle, enacted their own destinies. They were taught how they would attain unto places in the multitudinous Body of the Redeemed. They dramatized their own death and resurrection…figuratively they were taken to the Judgment Seat to hear the divine approval on their conduct”—Expositor, pg 35 The actions of the prophets must be considered as carefully as we read their words; for both were expressions of the Gospel.
Jude 1: 14 -15 “And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh these with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all” There are no words of Enoch revealed in Scripture. However, words are not necessary. The fact that Enoch was the “seventh from Adam” represent a “prophecy” of the Lord’s coming. Eze 12: 11 “Say, I am your sign: like as I have done, so sign shall it be done unto them: they shall remove and go into captivity” Actions of Ezekiel a sign Isa 20: 3 -4 “LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked and barefoot three years for a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon Ethiopia; So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners”
The Prophet Hosea! He was commanded to marry a Hosea wife, Gomer, who proved to be unfaithful, and also named his children symbolically. (Hos 1) Then, the Prophet redeemed his adulterous wife by purchasing her unto him (Hos 3). This was a real man in a real situation: his life—we are told—was a living allegory of Yahweh’s relationship with His unfaithful people, Israel. The Prophet Ezekiel! As a priest, when Yahweh took Ezekiel away his dearest affection—his wife—he was not permitted to mourn for her (Eze 24). This was a potent symbol to Israel. The Prophet Jeremiah! Here was a man known before Jeremiah his birth, preaching a New Covenant to Yahweh’s people, and personally persecuted for his testimony unto them; and living oppression with them.
Mat 12: 38 -41 “(Jesus) said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in Jonas the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. The earth men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here” “Sign”: A Prophetic here Symbol “…the books bound together as a prophetic collection from Isaiah to Malachi—it is like looking at a starry galaxy of glory, Christ shines in them all; not merely his light, but he himself appears in all their visions…In Jonah there is no direct illusion: it is the only exception”—R. Roberts, Nazareth Revisited,
Bro. Roberts’ observation regarding Jonah is superb. While there is no direct illusion from “Jonah, ” the Lord draws from this very prophet as a SIGN to indicate his death and resurrection. The literal events of Jonah constitute a significant doctrinal teaching. Christ came in the Spirit of the Prophets Mat 16: 13 -14 “When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets” prophets Heb 1: 1 -2 “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us IN his prophets Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things”
Jonah and Christ—Overview • Jonah sent to Gentiles to proclaim the Gospel to them • Jonah preached repentance after three days in fish’s belly • Gentiles repented at preaching of Jonah • Christ preached only to “lost sheep of house of Israel” Mat 10 • Christ spent ministry preaching Gospel to Jews Mat 15 • After his resurrection, Gospel sent to all nations Mat 28 Act 26: 22 -23 “Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the
“Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, Arise, go to Nineveh, that Nineveh great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me. But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Joppa TARSHISH: so he paid the fare thereof, and went TARSHISH down into it, to go with them unto TARSHISH from the presence of the LORD” Jon 1: 1 -3 • Tarshish—identified with the area of “the Tarshish Gentiles” (Gen 10: 4 -5; Isa 60: 9 -11; 66: 19) The Assyrian city of Nineveh represented an enemy of the Jews. Jonah fled in attempts to refuse Yahweh’s command to preach repentance to these Gentiles.
“But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, sea and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the sea ship was like to be broken” Jon 1: 4 • Wind—reps doctrine; false or prophetic (Eph Wind 4: 14; Psa 148: 8; 147: 18; Jer 5: 13) • Sea—reps people stirred by false teaching (Isa Sea 17: 12; 57: 20; Psa 65: 7) THUS THE CONTEXT— Note also the parallel with the Lord Jesus Christ, who rebuked the wind and sea after falling asleep (Mat 8) and cried every man “Then the mariners were afraid, unto his god, and cast forth the wares that were in the god ship into the sea, to lighten it of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep” Jon 1: 5 asleep
“And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this lots evil is upon us. So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah” Jon 1: 7 Jonah Remarkably, the phrase “cast lots” is used in Lev 16 lots —the Day of Atonement—and refers to the bearing away of Sin! “And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat. And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD'S lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering. But the goat, on fell offering which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat him into the wilderness” Lev 16: 8 -10
“Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous. And he said unto them, Take me up, and cast me forth into the sea; so shall the sea be calm unto you: for I know that for my you sake this great tempest is upon you” Jon 1: 11 -12 Jonah, like the man of whom he was a “sign, ” willing offers himself on behalf of the salvation of others. REMEMBER: these men are idolaters, all serving various gods. Rom 5: 6 -9 “For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a ungodly righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were
“Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring it to the land; but they could not: for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous against them” Jon 1: 13 These men were resisting the “doctrine”—wind—of Yahweh. The Atonement is hard for men to fully comprehend. Mat 16: 21 -23 “From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee. But he turned, and said unto Peter, thee Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but
“So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased from her raging” Jon 1: 15 raging The sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ was for all mankind— “My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world” 1 John 2: 1 -2 world This is what Jonah was resisting: the principle that salvation is “to the Jew first, and also unto the Gentile” (Rom 1: 16; 2: 9 -10). Isa 49: 6 “And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give
“Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows” LORD vows Jon 1: 16 The men in the “ship”—rep. salvation thru faith ship (1 Tim 1: 19; Luke 5: 3; Acts 27: 31)—have now been converted to the Truth! 1 Co 12: 2 “Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led” “Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights” Jon 1: 17 nights This is THE “sign” of the Lord’s death & resurrection. Therefore, the events surrounding Jonah are to be understood in that light. Though a willing offering, Jesus was not abandoned by Yahweh in his death! A key principle of the
“Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly, And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice” voice Jon 2: 1 -2 Another Key element of the Atonement: “Christ then was ‘man, ’ and being man needed salvation from death just as other men do, though he was sinless” —CC Walker, Christadelphian 1921 Heb 5: 7 -9 “(Jesus) in the days of his flesh, when he had flesh offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, feared yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him”
“For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of deep the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy about billows and thy waves passed over me…The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head” Jon 2: 3 -5 • The Deep—reps the grave (Psa 88: 1 -6) Deep • Floods, Waters—reps death (Psa 69: 13 -15) Waters “Yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O corruption LORD my God” Jon 2: 6 Act 2: 24 -27 “Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. For David speaketh concerning it him…thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption” corruption
A DISOBEDIENT PROPHET A TYPE OF A CRITICAL POINT concerning Jonah is that he is CHRIST? directly referred to as a “symbol” of the death and resurrection of Christ. Yet, he was disobedient and misunderstood Yahweh’s plan and purpose concerning the Gentiles. How can this be? SIN applies to both actual transgression and physical nature. The former transfers to the latter in application to the Master. Sin enters the World by One Man Rom 5: 12 -14 “By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for men that all have sinned…Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the
SIN AND DEATH BECOMES A BODILY Rom 5: 15 “For if through. LAW the offence of one many be dead” (Luke 2: 21 -24 Mary’s uncleanness) dead 1 Cor 15: 21 -22 “For since by man came death, by man death came also the resurrection of the dead” “The word sin is used in two principle acceptations in the Scriptures. It signifies in the first place, the transgression of the law; and in the next, it represents that physical principle of the animal nature…” Elpis Israel, pg 113 Example: Psa 41: 9 “Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me” Quoted by Christ for Judas (Jhn 13: 18 -21)
APPLYING TYPES AND PARABLES OF THE GOSPEL We cannot limit our application of types in Scripture to only those without SIN. For even Gentiles can represent Yahweh and His Anointed, the Lord Jesus: Cyrus, king of the Medo-Persian Empire subdued the System of Babylon. Though a Gentile King, he represents the Lord Jesus Christ in the following ways: • He is called Yahweh’s “shepherd” (Isa 44: 28). • He is called Yahweh’s “anointed whose right hand God has holden” (Isa 45: 1 -2). • His army is styled “the sanctified ones” and “mighty ones” (Isa 13: 3, 17). • He is commanded of God to rebuild the Temple (Ezra 1: 1 -3).
DISCERNING STATUS AND ACTIONS AS TYPES Jude 14 “Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints To execute judgment upon all and to convince all that are ungodly” (Heb 12: 22) Deu 33: 2 “He came with ten thousands of saints” saints Medo-Persian elite army called “Ten Thousand Immortals” People—who are not enlightened—often represent things of the Spirit based on status and actions. • Pharaoh in the life of Joseph is an absolute type of Yahweh.
“And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land” Jon 2: 10 land Vomited—note the use of the word relating to Vomited Israel’s dispersion Lev 18: 24 -28 “For in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you: And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants…For all these inhabitants abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled; That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out also the nations that were before you” you Lev 20: 22 “Ye shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: that the land, whither I bring you to dwell therein, spue you not out” out
Israel’s literal and physical rejection from the Land resulted in the Gospel being extended to the Gentiles. This shows the Gospel is intensely connected with Israel—in a literal sense! Rom 11 -11 -15 “I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them Gentiles to jealousy. Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness? For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles. . . For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? ” dead? • As the Jews literally were expelled from the Land, so the Gospel went to the Gentiles. And, as the
“And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land” Jon 2: 10 land Dry Land—different from the “sea, ” this represents Land Israel • • Israel departed from Egypt on “dry land” (Exo 14: 22 -23) Joshua led Israel into Canaan on “dry land” (Jos 3: 17) But why is “dry land” used when Jonah is cast into the Land of the Gentiles; even Assyria? Because the “Gospel” he published was still “the Hope of Israel” (Acts 28: 20). • • • Salvation “is of the Jews” (John 4) All men must become “Jews inwardly” (Rom 2) Both Jew and Gentile are “the Israel of God” (Gal
“The word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying, Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD…And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them. ” Jon 3: 1 -5 them Jonah was a clear “sign” that the Jews would be dispersed, while the Gentiles would repent upon hearing the Gospel. Mat 21: 43 “Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation
“Simeon (Peter) hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. And TO THIS AGREE THE WORDS OF name THE PROPHETS; as it is written, After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord” Acts 14 -17 Peter Simon Peter—first to bring the Gospel to the Gentiles (Acts 10) Joh 1: 40 -42 “(Andrew) findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias…he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be Jona
Act 10: 1 -6 “There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian Cornelius band, A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius. And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God. And now send men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, whose surname is Peter: He lodgeth with one Simon a tanner, Peter tanner whose house is by the sea side: he shall tell thee what side thou oughtest to do” “Joppa” by “the sea side” in the house of “Simon a Joppa side tanner” all have significant figurative meaning. tanner
Act 10: 7 -9 “And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually; And when he had declared all these things unto them, he sent them to Joppa. On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh morrow unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour” hour “On the morrow” Cornelius servants departed. This is morrow signficant because when Peter arrives at the centurion’s house, Cornelius tells him: “Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing” (v 30). Thus, there were exactly three days between Peter’s summons and his arrival to enlighten this first Gentile convert to the
• Of course, Peter’s vision was that both “clean and unclean” would be acceptable with God: that is, Jew and Gentile. Lev 20: 24 -25 “I am the LORD your God, which have separated you from other people. Ye shall therefore put difference between clean beasts and unclean…ye shall not unclean make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any manner of living that creepeth on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean” unclean • Note carefully, however, that Peter prayed “in the sixth hour” (v 9) and Cornelius prayed “in the ninth hour” (v 3). Luk 23: 44 -46 “And it was about the sixth hour, and there hour was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had cried with a midst
Eph 2: 11 -19 “Remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh…That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise…But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us…for to make in himself of us twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God”
“After threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince off that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary” Dan 9: 26 THE GOSPEL—IN THE PROPHETS: “And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being DANIEL about threescore and two years old” Dan 5: 31 old Medo-Persia represented by “Silver” Daniel Chapter 2 SILVER—represents the metal of redemption, SILVER atonement— atonement (Exo 26: 19, 32; 30: 12 -16; 38: 25 -27; 21: 29 -32; Mat 27: 3 -9) “Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold…But with the precious blood of Christ, gold
Dan 6: 1 It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom; kingdom Dan 6: 2 And over these three presidents; of whom Daniel was first: that the princes first might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage THE GOSPEL: THE KEY— Focus: “The Kingdom” first, then the “Name of Jesus Christ” Darius: Supreme authority desires to set others over His kingdom; One man to be the chief Head. Daniel: Judgment of El (God). Typical of Christ, who Yahweh has appointed judge of all things; but not until he is first made subject to trial and overcomes sin. The exaltation of men on
Dan 6: 3 Then this DANIEL WAS PREFERRED ABOVE THE PRESIDENTS AND PRINCES, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king him thought to set him over the whole realm Dan 6: 4 Then THE PRESIDENTS AND PRINCES sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom; kingdom but they could find none occasion nor fault; forasmuch fault as he was faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in CHARACTER OF THE ONE— The “excellent spirit” of the Lord is what resulted in his exaltation by Yahweh (Isa 11: 1 -5; Phi 2: 1 -9). Concerning Jesus, the dispute was not “the kingdom, ” but that he was the One exalted by God to be King of the Jews. Thus, those that held themselves
Dan 6: 5 Then said these men, We shall not find any occasion against this Daniel, except we find it against him concerning the law of his God Dan 6: 6 Then these presidents and princes assembled together to the king, and said thus unto him, King Darius, live for ever. VIOLATION OF THE LAW— The Jews accused the Lord of perpetually breaking “the Law. ” To the blind man they proclaimed: “Then they reviled him, and said, Thou art his disciple; but we are Moses' disciples” (John 9: 28). Accordingly, identical language is employed of the Jewish leaders who “assembled together” to conspire against the Lord If they truly loved the King, Jesus Christ (Mat 26: 3 -4), they would have loved his and declared their faithful servant!
Dan 6: 7 All the presidents of the kingdom, the governors, kingdom and the princes, the counsellors, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any God or man for thirty days, save of thee, O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions. THE CONSPIRACY— All men represented in God’s Kingdom “of Israel” conspired to destroy the Lord Jesus Christ; including the Gentiles (Psa 2: 1 -2). Furthermore, their greatest evil was using the false claims of religion to do so! “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among… Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and
Dan 6: 9 Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree Dan 6: 10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he signed went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and day prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. THE LAW OF CONDEMNATION— Although the “Law” is introduced by sinful men, it is signed by the Supreme Authority; a Law which his faithful servant would be subject. It is “the law of sin and death” (Rom 8: 2). Christ was born subject to this Law of which he could not escape, though having no fault or transgression (Gal 4: 4). He possessed sin’s flesh! How significant that the
CHRIST BORN UNDER THE LAW— Gal 4: 4 “God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law” (Gal 3: 13) Rom 7: 22 -25 “I delight in the law of God after the inward man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, Dan 6: 15 Then these and bringing me into men…said…That no captivity to the law of sin decree nor statute which is in my members. O the king establisheth wretched man that I am! may be changed who shall deliver me from Dan 6: 14 Then the king, when he heard these words, was sore displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he him laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him.
Dan 6: 16 Then the king commanded, and they commanded brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, He will deliver thee Dan 6: 17 And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of signet his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel THE COMMAND OF THE KING— As the Lord said to Pilate, it was only the Will of God that permitted the crucifixion of His Son. However, the same King who subjects Daniel to death assures deliverance. A stone upon the den is an obvious type of the Lord’s sepulchre (Mat 27: 60). Note that the “king sealed it. ” There
Dan 6: 18 Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of musick brought before him: and his sleep went from him. Dan 6: 19 Then the king arose very early in the morning, and morning went in haste unto the den of lions. THE DEATH OF MESSIAH— The emotions of the Supreme Ruler are typically demonstrated, even as Yahweh felt for His Son. Jesus’ death was accompanied by darkness and an earthquake! While it is literally true the tomb was empty “very early in the morning, ” this event also shows the eagerness of Yahweh to raise his faithful Son and servant; whom He “loosed from the pains of death; because it was not
Psa 22: 7 -21 “All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head…They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening Dan 6: 21 -22 Then said Daniel and a roaring lion…the lion unto the king, O king, live for assembly of the ever. My God hath sent his wicked have inclosed angel, and hath shut the lions' me: they pierced my mouths, that they have not mouths hands and my hurt me: forasmuch as before feet…They part my him innocency was found in garments among them, me; and also before thee, O and cast lots upon my king, have I done no hurt. vesture…Save me Dan 6: 20 And the king spake and said to Daniel, O Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest continually, able to deliver thee from the lions?
THE SINLESS SERVANT RAISED— The same Authority who required Christ to be cast into the grave also commanded that he be raised, before he saw corruption (Acts 13: 37). Christ’s conviction in the redeeming power of God “‘The God of peace brought again fromraised him from is what the dead our Lord Jesus, that Great Shepherd of the sheep, (John 10: 17 -18). the dead through the Dan 6: 23 The king exceeding glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel was den taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God blood of the everlasting covenant (Heb xiii. 33), and that by his own blood, entering into the holy place, he obtained (middle, or self-subjective state of the verb), eternal redemption (‘for us’ is interpolated) (Heb ix. 12). The Father saved him from death for his obedience unto death (Heb
The “bones” are a symbol of the resurrection; such as Israel’s national resurrection (Eze 37: 1 -7), the man’s revival upon touch Elisha’s bones (2 Kin 13: 20 -21), and the Lord Jesus Christ, whom God permitted “not a bone to be broken” (Luk 24: 39). The patriarchs’ bones were transferred from Egypt to Canaan (Gen 50: 25). As for these evil The Hope of the Resurrectionmen, “death shall feedof is the only True desire on faithful men revealed in the Bible (Acts 24: 15 -21; 1 Cor them” (Psa 49: 14). Dan 6: 24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them, their lions children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den
Dan 6: 25 -27 Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; earth Peace be multiplied unto you. I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end. He delivereth and rescueth, and end he worketh signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who hath delivered Daniel from the power of the lions. Yahweh’s exaltation by the sacrifice of lions His Son This dramatic allegory begins with the issue of the Kingdom and concludes with the Kingdom, which could not be accomplished without the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Book of Daniel is
THE GOSPEL—IN THE PROPHETS: “In the second year of Darius the king…came the HAGGAI word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, THIS PEOPLE SAY, The time is not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built. Then came the built word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying, Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, and this house lie waste? ” Hag 1: 1 -4 Context… Haggai prophesied in the early times of the Medo. Persian Kingdom, after the “ 70 years” of Babylonian captivity had been fulfilled (Jer 25: 11; 29: 10; Dan 9: 2)=the number of nations. Cyrus gave Jews the liberty to rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple, but the
TIMES OF EZRA AND HAGGAI & ZECHARIAH— • EZRA 1—Cyrus allows everyone who is willing to 1 return to Jerusalem and restore the Temple which has been abased by Babylon. He brings for vessels taken from Yahweh’s House. • EZRA 2—Symbolic of the faithful the names of all 2 who repaired the House are listed: Names of the Faithful Divinely Recorded. • EZRA 3—Workers unify as “one man to 3 Jerusalem, ” laboring with a common goal! • EZRA 4—“Adversaries” trouble those engaged in 4 the work, with their families and brethren. “Then Ezra 5: 1 “THEN the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and ceased the work Iddo, House of God which is at Zechariah the son ofof the prophesied unto the Jews Jerusalem. ” that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them”
Prophets Clear Our Vision of the Future Kingdom of God On Earth of Haggai commenced with a well“The Prophecy merited rebuke because of the spiritual apathy they were manifesting. Discouraged by the opposition…they justified their inaction by claiming that the time was not ripe for the building of the Temple. However, as the prophet shrewdly observed, the did not permit opposition to restrain their efforts to build up their own material resources. They had not merely homes, but paneled homes, and Yahweh’s house was permitted to lie waste! Therefore, the prophet called upon them to ‘Consider their Ways!’”— Expositor, HPM We do not have the luxury of sitting idle waiting for Yahweh to complete His purpose; we must be engaged in the work of the Truth to help bring about
God knows the difficulty of the situation, but still requires His people labor to accomplish what they can for His sake. IMPORTANT: We should be conscious of the fact that our work now will be, at its best, small in comparison to the future glory to be manifest in Hag 1: 12 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and the Age to Come. Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the prophet LORD their God had sent him Hag 1: 7 -8 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways. Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will it be glorified, saith the LORD.
Hag 1: 13 Then spake Haggai the LORD'S messenger in the LORD'S message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the LORD Hag 1: 14 And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God Prophets not just academic instructors, they also labored! Ezra 5: 2 “Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them” them
Ezr 6: 14 And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And THEY Iddo BUILDED, AND FINISHED IT, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia. Remember: these were those who willingly chose to return to Jerusalem and build. These were workers in the Truth who became discouraged. Mutual edification is vital in our Walk! Heb 10: 24 -25 “And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the works assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the another
Hag 2: 1 -4 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying…Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing? Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and BE STRONG, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and BE STRONG, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts: you Laborers in the Truth must fully realize that work we have under taken will never achieve the faded glory of the past Kingdom of Israel, nor the bright Glory of the Kingdom Age to Come. This cannot and must not discourage us. Our understanding and vision must remain sharp and clear toward the Future—
Hag 2: 7 -9 And I will shake all nations, and the desire nations of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with come glory, saith the LORD of hosts. The silver is mine, and glory the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, former saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Zec 4: 8 -10 “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with those seven; they are the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth”
Jas 5: 10 “Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience” patience Hos 12: 10 “I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the similitudes ministry of the prophets” Isa 1: 1 “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah” Isa 2: 1 “The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem” The “Word” is a “Vision, ” and one that must be actively pursued
Chart Jeremiah— The “Word” is a “Vision, ” and one that must be actively pursued