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The Global Framework for E-Learning What’s Hot and What’s Not Robby Robson President, Eduworks The Global Framework for E-Learning What’s Hot and What’s Not Robby Robson President, Eduworks Corporation Chair, IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee [email protected] com Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page

Outline GRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD WHAT’S HOT & WHAT’S NOT 1. 2. q Outline GRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD WHAT’S HOT & WHAT’S NOT 1. 2. q q STANDARDIZATION 3. q q 4. 5. Architectures Repositories Content Reusability Distributed Networks The Process What’s Happening CLOSING THOUGHTS DISCUSSION Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 2

GRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE (E-LEARNING) WORLD Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 GRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE (E-LEARNING) WORLD Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page

E-Learning Hype Cycle Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not Courtesy RCA Wilson 3 E-Learning Hype Cycle Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not Courtesy RCA Wilson 3 -Sep-03 4

Evolution of Technology Java. Script in HTML Java Frameworks File-based Database-Based Repository-Based Content Players Evolution of Technology Java. Script in HTML Java Frameworks File-based Database-Based Repository-Based Content Players Content Interoperability Content Reusability 1996 Services Model ASP / Cold Fusion 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Distributed Network Client / Server Global Network? Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 5

Evolution of Standards Bodies DLF (1995) HLA (1994) EICA OKI IEEE LTSC AICC (1988) Evolution of Standards Bodies DLF (1995) HLA (1994) EICA OKI IEEE LTSC AICC (1988) CEN/ISSS WS-LT SIF Ed. NA (1994) 1996 1997 1998 ARIADNE IMS ADL Dublin Core (1995) W 3 C (1994) MERLOT Eduworks Corporation OASIS Can. Core NSDL 1999 2000 JTC 1 SC 36 ALIC 2001 2002 2003 eb. XML HR-XML CONSORTIUM What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 6

Evolution of Learning Technology Standards (Simplified Version) CREATE NEW WORLD ORDER GET CONTENT TO Evolution of Learning Technology Standards (Simplified Version) CREATE NEW WORLD ORDER GET CONTENT TO WORK GET SYSTEMS TO INETEROPERATE 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 The Wider World Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 7

Conversational Convergence n Universal q q q n All sectors (Private, Education, Government, etc. Conversational Convergence n Universal q q q n All sectors (Private, Education, Government, etc. ) All geographic regions All technologies (E-learning, Content Management, Knowledge Management, Human Performance Improvement) Conversations q q q Get down to business Local needs and global desires Content is content A need for tools On the standards front – a need for clarity Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 8

Challenges to Overcome n Different Cultures and Languages q q n Different Business Models Challenges to Overcome n Different Cultures and Languages q q n Different Business Models q q n n From country to country From sector to sector Economic Barriers Even time zones are tough! Eduworks Corporation n Lack of Experience q q n With the Internet With the technology Problems of Scale q q q Wal-Mart: 1. 2 Million BECTA (VET in U. K. ): 6 Million But it has to work for a schoolroom or small company, too. . . What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 9

Email from 22 July, 2003 “We are making small but steady steps. We are Email from 22 July, 2003 “We are making small but steady steps. We are acquiring new customers at a good rate/month and have *almost* completed a robust product. We have decided to put SCORM support on the sideline for the time being (given the very low demand we encounter in the med/small company market and the speed with which the specs evolve). We are focused only on our web-based, hosted elearning software. ” Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 10

What’s Hot … And What’s Not Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 What’s Hot … And What’s Not Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page

Java. Script in HTML Eduworks Corporation Java Frameworks ASP / Cold Fusion What's Hot Java. Script in HTML Eduworks Corporation Java Frameworks ASP / Cold Fusion What's Hot and What's Not Services Model 3 -Sep-03 12

Right Now - Functional Architectures n n Stable Models Stable Product categories Eduworks Corporation Right Now - Functional Architectures n n Stable Models Stable Product categories Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 13

Component Model – from late 2001. (Still works!) Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Component Model – from late 2001. (Still works!) Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Learning Objects Content Repository and Offering Catalog Learning Planner Learner Registrar Learning Offerings Eduworks Corporation Delivery Environment Recorded Events Catalog Manager Learning Objects Collaborative Environment Goals Plans Learner Info Profile Info Activity Info Learner Profile Manager Profile Info Activity Info Assessment / Profile Info Testing Objects Engine Results Info What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 14

Enterprise LMS Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Enterprise LMS Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Learning Objects Content Repository and Offering Catalog Learning Planner Learner Registrar Learning Offerings Eduworks Corporation Delivery Environment Recorded Events Catalog Manager Learning Objects Collaborative Environment Goals Plans Learner Info Profile Info Activity Info Learner Profile Manager Profile Info Activity Info Assessment / Profile Info Testing Objects Engine Results Info What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 15

LCMS Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Learning LCMS Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Learning Objects Content Repository and Offering Catalog Learning Planner Learner Registrar Learning Offerings Eduworks Corporation Delivery Environment Recorded Events Catalog Manager Learning Objects Collaborative Environment Goals Plans Learner Info Profile Info Activity Info Learner Profile Manager Profile Info Activity Info Assessment / Profile Info Testing Objects Engine Results Info What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 16

Course Management System (VLE) Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Course Management System (VLE) Offerings Content Authoring Tools Content Objects Offerings Register Info Content Assembly Tools Learning Objects Content Repository and Offering Catalog Learning Planner Learner Registrar Learning Offerings Eduworks Corporation Delivery Environment Recorded Events Catalog Manager Learning Objects Collaborative Environment Goals Plans Learner Info Profile Info Activity Info Learner Profile Manager Profile Info Activity Info Assessment / Profile Info Testing Objects Engine Results Info What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 17

Service Architectures and Frameworks: What’s Hot n Communities are driving them q n n Service Architectures and Frameworks: What’s Hot n Communities are driving them q n n School. Net, SIF, Education. au, Edu. Source … Vendors are supporting them Standards groups producing them q IMS, OKI, SCORM 2. 0, etc. Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 18

And What’s Not n n n Stability is needed Installed bases make it hard And What’s Not n n n Stability is needed Installed bases make it hard to change architectures Re-usable Design is not Interoperability q q Comes from local thinking Leads to too many frameworks Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 19

File-based Eduworks Corporation Database-Based What's Hot and What's Not Repository-Based 3 -Sep-03 20 File-based Eduworks Corporation Database-Based What's Hot and What's Not Repository-Based 3 -Sep-03 20

Hot: Growing Number of Projects n ARIADNE q n EDUSOURCE q n SCORM conformant, Hot: Growing Number of Projects n ARIADNE q n EDUSOURCE q n SCORM conformant, Accessible (Section 508), DRM enabled Rich Media Repository D-SPACE and other projects q n (Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching) Providing peer review, a value-added service VIMS (Virtual Image Management System – U. S. Military) q n Over 60 collections, tens of thousands of records, hundreds of thousands in user communities MERLOT q n Instructions for adding local repositories; cross-cultural National Science Digital Library (U. S. ) q n Enabling collaborative generation of learning objects EUROPEAN SCHOOLNET q n Now a European foundation, focused on content, metadata & tools Open source out-of-the-box solution Ed. NA, The [email protected] Federation Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 21

Hot: A Growing Number of Products n n New releases of Enterprise LMS / Hot: A Growing Number of Products n n New releases of Enterprise LMS / LCMS New entrants into the VLE (Course Management System) space Pure Learning Object Repository products Content Management Systems q n With learning components / standards Plus … help from the Library Community q q q Centuries of experience Stable standards Installed user base Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 22

Not: n “Learning Object Repository” q n n A conglomeration of undefined terms is Not: n “Learning Object Repository” q n n A conglomeration of undefined terms is an excellent tool for hype Business models? Searches still find too little that’s good … or worse … too much. Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 23

Content Players Eduworks Corporation Content Interoperability What's Hot and What's Not Content Reusability 3 Content Players Eduworks Corporation Content Interoperability What's Hot and What's Not Content Reusability 3 -Sep-03 24

Reusable Content (Learning Objects): What’s Hot n n Lot’s of Activity Emergence of Object Reusable Content (Learning Objects): What’s Hot n n Lot’s of Activity Emergence of Object Models (next slide) q q q n Provide common vocabulary Map to standards and technology Identify pedagogic pressure points Potential to Increase Value Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 25

Learnativity Object Model and SCORM / AICC e. Learning Knowledge Management Learning Environment Content Learnativity Object Model and SCORM / AICC e. Learning Knowledge Management Learning Environment Content Package Sharable Content Object (SCO) Sharable Content Asset (SCA) concept Web Services Communities Components Databases Asset Objective Practice Assess principle procedure text A u d i o illustration Communications 2003 + _ Eduworks Corporation animation SCORM / AICC CONTENT MODEL Context and Complex. Ity + Reusabi. IIty What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 26

Standards and Technology Help More Value Less Value Some Day? Wi th c ith Standards and Technology Help More Value Less Value Some Day? Wi th c ith W ou urr ent t REUSE THE MAGIC QUADRANT ge ner atio n CONTEXT Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 27

Learning Objects: What’s Not Hot: n n The Definition Aggregation instead of Disaggregation Work Learning Objects: What’s Not Hot: n n The Definition Aggregation instead of Disaggregation Work instead of workflow Theory instead of effectiveness Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 28

Distributed Network Client / Server Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Distributed Network Client / Server Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 29

Education on the Open Network: MIT Open Courseware Initiative Server Hits, May & June Education on the Open Network: MIT Open Courseware Initiative Server Hits, May & June 2003 (Taken from Wired, August 2003) n Top 10 Courses 1. 2. 3. 4. n Problems of Philosophy Laboratory Software Engineering Introduction to Electronics Hands-on Astronomy: Observing Stars and Planets 5. Linear Algebra 6. Calculus with Applications 7. Introduction to Modeling and Simulation (Nuclear Eng. ) 8. Electricity and Magnetism 9. Logistical and Transportation Planning Methods (EE & CS) 10. Introduction to Marketing Eduworks Corporation Top 10 Nations (Other than U. S. ) 1. Canada 2. Germany 3. South Korea 4. Brazil 5. U. K. 6. Japan 7. France 8. China* 9. India 10. Australia * (3. 9 (3. 6 (3. 2 (3. 1 (3. 0 (2. 6 (2. 5 (1. 4 Million) Million) Million) 2 Million from Hong Kong &. 6 Million from the PRC (where the government blocked access until February of 2003) What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 30

America’s Army – Released July 4, 2002 Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not America’s Army – Released July 4, 2002 Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 31

Big Issue (Hot and Not): Digital Rights Management and Intellectual Property Rights n n Big Issue (Hot and Not): Digital Rights Management and Intellectual Property Rights n n Intellectual Property Rights and Laws can no longer conveniently be ignored DRM is needed for q q q Content development workflows Federating repositories Sharing knowledge based on trust: “I didn’t want to email it because it’s still draft and in confidence. ” Eduworks Corporation n DRM q q q n Often confused with enforcement (e. g. RIAA) Guided by multimedia and communications industries Subject to patents Intellectual Property Rights and Laws q q Differ around the globe Often don’t make sense What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 32

A Fundamental Shift in DRM n Client / Server Model q q Content delivered A Fundamental Shift in DRM n Client / Server Model q q Content delivered and consumed Copyright restrictions & licenses enforced at point of consumption Authorization based on role Possession is 9/10 of the law – have content, can distribute! n Distributed Network Model q q q q Eduworks Corporation Content flows through network Content can change during its lifecycle Conditions, permission, constraints etc. relevant at each stop in lifecycle Distribution rights as important as usage rights Rights governed by contract, not possession Need to handle attribution, creative commons, etc. DRM = Routing of Intellectual Property What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 33

Status of “Distributed Rights Management” n Persistent DRM Technology is being prototyped q q Status of “Distributed Rights Management” n Persistent DRM Technology is being prototyped q q q n n COLIS Project VIMS Project Microsoft RMS Standards emerging A Long Way to Go Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 34

Standardization Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page Standardization Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page

The Process Principles discussed Champions Implement Serious Prototypes Products Produced Products Stabilized Conformance & The Process Principles discussed Champions Implement Serious Prototypes Products Produced Products Stabilized Conformance & Compliance Possible Prototypes Standards announced Maybe products Early Adoption More Adoption Markets wait Early test suites Precision added Global adoption Early Specs Aviation Industry CBT Committee Advanced Distributed Learning initiative IMS Global Learning Consortium IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 36: Standards Learning, Education and Training MANY INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 36

What’s Happening Principles discussed Champions Implement Serious Prototypes Products Produced Products Stabilized Conformance & What’s Happening Principles discussed Champions Implement Serious Prototypes Products Produced Products Stabilized Conformance & Compliance Possible Prototypes Standards announced Maybe products Early Adoption More Adoption Markets wait Early test suites Precision added Global adoption Early Specs n n n n Architecture & Services Learning Structure Federation & Harvesting DRM Skills / Competencies Identification & Personalization Assessments Eduworks Corporation n Descriptive Metadata Content transport Basic Content Tracking What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 37

Closing Thoughts n n n Focus is essential Awareness is necessary Experimentation is key Closing Thoughts n n n Focus is essential Awareness is necessary Experimentation is key Interoperability is fundamental It all starts with people Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 38

Discussion n Contact information: rrobson@eduworks. com Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 Discussion n Contact information: [email protected] com Eduworks Corporation What's Hot and What's Not 3 -Sep-03 Page