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The Future of Planning – A lawyer’s perspective… Housing, Town Centres and Infrastructure Richard The Future of Planning – A lawyer’s perspective… Housing, Town Centres and Infrastructure Richard Ford, Partner, Pinsent Masons T: 0121 260 4009 E: richard. [email protected] com

Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue)

Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) £ Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) £

1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 1 2 3 4 5 6 Centralism NPPF 1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 1 2 3 4 5 6 Centralism NPPF NPPG Objective housing needs (e. g. Hunston Properties , Sedgefield v Liverpool) Duty to co-operate So. S call-in decisions NHB 7 Affordable housing 8 PSR 9 Green Belt Release 10 Garden Cities 11 National CIL Structure 12 Allowable Solutions Localism Local Plans Neighbourhood Development Orders LEPs Assets of Community Value Affordable housing v sustainability Local CIL Charging Schedules

1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development Long Term Issues: 1. Demographic trends? 1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development Long Term Issues: 1. Demographic trends?

1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 2. Dispersal policy v urban extensions and garden 1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 2. Dispersal policy v urban extensions and garden cities? Princess Anne: 'Build New Homes In Villages' The Princess Royal has entered the political debate on housing warning against giant estates to meet the need for new homes. 12: 28 pm UK, Saturday 22 February 2014

1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 3. Affordable housing v sustainability (zero carbon)? 4. 1. Centralism v Localism: Housing Development 3. Affordable housing v sustainability (zero carbon)? 4. More limited building on floodplains … or “floating homes”?

2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Centralism 1 NPPF Localism 2 NPPG Local Plans 2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Centralism 1 NPPF Localism 2 NPPG Local Plans and flexible policies Local development orders 3 Office to residential Targeted CPOs 4 Local retention of business rates Parking policies 5 Local development orders Tax Increment Finance (TIF) 6 CPO guidance City Centre Enterprise Zones

2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Long Term Issues: 1. • • Retail trends: 2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Long Term Issues: 1. • • Retail trends: Destination/experience shops “Click and collect” Further banking branch closures Retail “trading” centres? 2. • • • Leisure trends: Hotels market reasonable Sports stadia redevelopments Horse racing tracks redevelopments

2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Retail Futures 2018 argues that high streets are 2. Centralism v Localism: Town Centres Retail Futures 2018 argues that high streets are threatened by the current changes in retail structures and shows that the town centres of 153 UK towns (41% of the total) will experience a rapid decline as a result of changing retail patterns and need to shrink to survive. Retail Futures 2018 recommends that a pump-priming fund of £ 320 million is required to start redeveloping these problem town centres to turn failing and empty shops into good residential accommodation, create more service/entertainment/leisure outlets, and/or provide offices, doctor's surgeries, classrooms/meeting rooms or other facilities for which there may be a local demand. As a result of this policy perhaps 15, 000 - 20, 000 new homes could be created over four years.

3. Centralism v Localism: Infrastructure Centralism Localism 1 EU and parliamentary drivers (e. g. 3. Centralism v Localism: Infrastructure Centralism Localism 1 EU and parliamentary drivers (e. g. HS 2) Local Plans 2 Planning Act 2008 and NPSs CIL and TIF (application) 3 Government project funding (and road pricing) 4 Private sector including pension funds and international finance 5 CIL and TIF (policy)

3. Centralism v Localism: Infrastructure Long Term Issues: 1. International and pension fund investment 3. Centralism v Localism: Infrastructure Long Term Issues: 1. International and pension fund investment 2. Energy, roads, rail, airports 3. Government programme 4. Strategic CIL for LEPs 5. TIF 6. Road pricing

Roll on the next five years. . . • General Election as usual will Roll on the next five years. . . • General Election as usual will no doubt set us on some new paths: • Lord Adonis – Labour think tank • DCLG – Government think thank

Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) €$¥ Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) €$¥

Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue)

Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue) Centralism (Red) v Localism (Blue)

The Future of Planning – A lawyer’s perspective… Housing, Town Centres and Infrastructure Richard The Future of Planning – A lawyer’s perspective… Housing, Town Centres and Infrastructure Richard Ford, Partner, Pinsent Masons T: 0121 260 4009 E: richard. [email protected] com