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The Future of NOAA Coastal and Ocean Services in the GOES-R Era Mary Culver The Future of NOAA Coastal and Ocean Services in the GOES-R Era Mary Culver NOAA Coastal Services Center

NOAA Vision 1996 • Customer service • Continuous operational observing capabilities • Reliable assessments NOAA Vision 1996 • Customer service • Continuous operational observing capabilities • Reliable assessments and prediction • Integrated approaches to environmental management • Partnerships • New technology development

Tools and Technology - 1996 • Installing NEXRAD Dopplers • Moving to GPS-based reference Tools and Technology - 1996 • Installing NEXRAD Dopplers • Moving to GPS-based reference stations • Analog cameras • Awaiting Sea. Wi. FS launch • International GOOS in its 5 th year • Limited Internet and e-mail • GOES-9 recently launched

NOS Priority Themes • Customer service • Continuous operational • • observing capabilities Reliable NOS Priority Themes • Customer service • Continuous operational • • observing capabilities Reliable assessments and prediction Integrated approaches to environmental management Partnerships New technology development • People • Observations • Modeling • Watersheds • Partnerships • Technology

NOS Customer Continuum • Super-users – Fewer numbers, heavy data users, often redistribute data NOS Customer Continuum • Super-users – Fewer numbers, heavy data users, often redistribute data in value-added products – Interested in data quality and accessibility – More likely to have specific recommendations for enhanced system coverage • End-users – Recipients of value added products, casual interest but limited exposure to data – Desire information products rather than data – Request opportunities to learn about data applications – Require simple interfaces and single portal access

NOS Customers State and Local Resource Managers – – – – Protected areas Regulatory NOS Customers State and Local Resource Managers – – – – Protected areas Regulatory agencies Wildlife agencies Planning councils Research organizations State Sea Grants Emergency preparedness offices

NOS Customers Responsibility: To Effectively Manage the Coastal Zone Actions: – make day-to-day decisions NOS Customers Responsibility: To Effectively Manage the Coastal Zone Actions: – make day-to-day decisions – implement proven methods – conduct limited research and analyses Hurricane Floyd September 1999

Monitoring Harmful Algal Blooms q Manage major fish kills and closure of shellfish harvesting Monitoring Harmful Algal Blooms q Manage major fish kills and closure of shellfish harvesting areas q Sample coastal waters strategically End users want: • Regional data for local • • • interpretation All information in one place Validation of information Expert analysis

Remote Sensing Capability 2002 Coastal Services Center Management Survey Remote Sensing Capability 2002 Coastal Services Center Management Survey

Remote Sensing Capability Preferences for Remote Sensing Data Forms of Data Hardcopy Derived Products Remote Sensing Capability Preferences for Remote Sensing Data Forms of Data Hardcopy Derived Products Geo-rectified Digital imagery Explanatory Documents Raw Digital Data 2002 Coastal Services Center Management Survey Use (%) 92 82 78 68 45 Prefer (%) 30 55 59 27 8

Tools and Technology - 2004 • Hand-held GPS units • Digital cameras • On-line Tools and Technology - 2004 • Hand-held GPS units • Digital cameras • On-line access to – Data – Imagery – Training • Sea. Wi. FS, MODIS sensors • E-mail and cell phones

Mapping Coral Reefs at Higher Resolution Landsat 7 ETM+ 30 -m multispectral Image processing: Mapping Coral Reefs at Higher Resolution Landsat 7 ETM+ 30 -m multispectral Image processing: NCCOS/CCMA/Remote Sensing IKONOS - 4 m multispectral 2007 – Full US shallow-water coral mapping

Priorities 2004 Coastal States Organization Priorities 2004 Coastal States Organization

Challenges Timeliness vs. Accuracy • End-users – Fast! - Need to make decisions today Challenges Timeliness vs. Accuracy • End-users – Fast! - Need to make decisions today or tomorrow – Absolute accuracy may be sacrificed for speed of delivery • Super-users – Slower may be ok – Accuracy is a primary concern

Challenges High Resolution • High-resolution satellite imagery – IKONOS – Digital Globe • Seen Challenges High Resolution • High-resolution satellite imagery – IKONOS – Digital Globe • Seen on land • Wanted in water • Needed for applications Baker Island, Pacific Ocean

Challenges Parameters • Coastal ocean color – – Turbidity Chlorophyll Phytoplankton Species Dissolved Organics Challenges Parameters • Coastal ocean color – – Turbidity Chlorophyll Phytoplankton Species Dissolved Organics • Shallow-water • bathymetry Salinity

NOS Operational Requirements GOES-R Observation Horizontal Resolution Measurement Accuracy Refresh Rate Currents 1 – NOS Operational Requirements GOES-R Observation Horizontal Resolution Measurement Accuracy Refresh Rate Currents 1 – 10 km 1 – 2 m/s 60 – 180 min Ocean color 30 – 300 m < 30% error 60 – 180 min Sea Surface Temperature 30 – 300 m 0. 5 – 1 °K 60 – 180 min Sea Surface Winds 300 m – 1 km 0. 3 – 1 m/s 6 – 60 min

Future Data Sources • Observing systems and satellites – Federation of regional systems – Future Data Sources • Observing systems and satellites – Federation of regional systems – NPOESS – GOES-R • Commercial sector – High-resolution satellites – Airborne sensors

Challenges Data Flow • Daily – Decadal repeated and timely • measurements for assessments Challenges Data Flow • Daily – Decadal repeated and timely • measurements for assessments of the status of coastal marine ecosystems and resources on regional-national scales Real-time – Delayed mode – repeated and timely measurements for predictions of changes in the physical environment and ecology of coastal ecosystems

Integration is the Key • Integrate offshore, • • MBARI, MUSE 2000 coastal, and Integration is the Key • Integrate offshore, • • MBARI, MUSE 2000 coastal, and watershed systems Integrate local, state, regional, national, and international data Integrate data users and data providers into process through RAs and backbone

Major Forces of Change • Natural Hazards • Basin Scale Processes in the Oceans Major Forces of Change • Natural Hazards • Basin Scale Processes in the Oceans • Global Climate Change • Population Growth & Land -Use Practices in Coastal Drainage Basins

Now and in the Future • Integrated, Ecosystem-Based Approach to – Environmental Protection – Now and in the Future • Integrated, Ecosystem-Based Approach to – Environmental Protection – Resource Management • Capacity to tune – Rate of data acquisition, management & analysis to time scale of decision making • Close the gap between – Development of new scientific understanding & technologies – the formulation & implementation of scientifically sound environmental policies

“Coasts are never fully saved. They are always being saved through perpetual stewardship. “ “Coasts are never fully saved. They are always being saved through perpetual stewardship. “ Peter Douglas California Coastal Commission