Скачать презентацию The Earth Observation Programme at ESA 24 -October-2007 Скачать презентацию The Earth Observation Programme at ESA 24 -October-2007

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The Earth Observation Programme at ESA 24 -October-2007, International Ice Charting Working Group Meeting The Earth Observation Programme at ESA 24 -October-2007, International Ice Charting Working Group Meeting Simon. [email protected] int Earth Observation Programmes Directorate European Space Agency

EO missions handled by ESA 1990 2000 METEOSAT M-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, EO missions handled by ESA 1990 2000 METEOSAT M-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 2004 2010 Meteo METEOSAT Second Generation MSG-1, -2, -3 in cooperation with EUMETSAT METOP-1, -2, -3 Cryosat 2 (Polar Ice Monitoring) GOCE (Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer) Earth Explorers SMOS (Soil moisture) Science to better understand the Earth ADM/Aeolus Earth. CARE SWARM ERS-1, -2 ENVISAT ESA Sentinels satellites GMES Applications Services + to initiate long term monitoring systems National missions (e. g. SPOT, Pleiades, Terra. SAR, Cosmo-Skymed, . . . ) and services Third-Party Missions: European access to non-ESA missions ALOS, SPOT, Landsat, Kompsat-2, Scisat. . . European users

ERS 1 and 2 ERS 1 (1991 – 2000): Oceans, sea ice, cryosphere, land ERS 1 and 2 ERS 1 (1991 – 2000): Oceans, sea ice, cryosphere, land surface & climatology ERS 2 (1995 – still operational): (…) plus global ozone & terrestrial biosphere monitoring Results of 16 years ERS missions: §basis for long-term environmental monitoring “climate change” research results from ERS have been of relevance for IPCC §wealth of science and application results § consolidation of a large EO community

ERS-2 mission • ERS-2 after 12 years mission: q technically ERS-2 is performing well, ERS-2 mission • ERS-2 after 12 years mission: q technically ERS-2 is performing well, however power budget needs to be monitored q LBR station extension continues q All missions fully supported; since 2006 also the classical interferometry q ERS-2 SAR mission is one of the “fastest” SAR mission. Planning request in the morning results in data on disk in the evening • Some problems with the platform (gyroscope in 2001, tape recorder in 2003) but all instruments still functioning well engineering solutions have been developed: - new 'gyro-less' working mode - set up of a station network for Low Bit Rate data recovery

ENVISAT mission: 5 years ! Tectonic uplift (Andaman) Hurricane Katrina First images Global air ENVISAT mission: 5 years ! Tectonic uplift (Andaman) Hurricane Katrina First images Global air pollution Bam earthquake First image via Artemis ~1200 scientific projects + several GMES pre-operational projects CO 2 map Ozone hole 2003 Chlorophyll concentration Launch Prestige tanker oil slick Envisat Symposium Salzburg (A) n n tio bra ew alida hop li V rks Ca evi R Wo Mar 02 Sep 02 Dec 02 RIS ME shop rk Wo Nov 03 AR p In. S sho rk Wo Dec 03 Sep 04 B-15 A iceberg S RI ry ic ME TSR et e er A op m enc ) h ph e ti r (A ks Al fe os c e or tm cien enc AR op Con A S er W In. S ksh nf or Co W Sep 05 Dec 05 Mar 06 May 06 Envisat Symposium Montreux (CH) Apr 07

ENVISAT mission q Envisat operations funding until 2010 q 78 different types of ESA ENVISAT mission q Envisat operations funding until 2010 q 78 different types of ESA Envisat data products q 280 Gigabytes of data products generated per day at ESA 500 Terabytes to date q Envisat mission: http: //envisat. esa. int q Category 1 use registration or proposal: http: //eopi. esa. int q ESA web portal: http: //www. esa. int q Envisat images: http: //earth. esa. int/earthimages http: //miravi. eo. esa. int

Envisat & ERS-2 missions extension • The proposal for the EO Envelope Programme – Envisat & ERS-2 missions extension • The proposal for the EO Envelope Programme – 3 rd Period (2008 -2012) includes, in its Development and Exploitation component, the provision for operating the ERS-2 satellite until 2008 and the Envisat satellite until 2010. • The current spacecraft status allows to further extend the operations of both missions by 3 -years in order to respond to the user communities demand, i. e. until 2011 for ERS-2 and until 2013 for Envisat. • The Envisat 3 -years extension requests a modification of the orbital parameters in 2010 as the on-board hydrazine will be almost completely consumed by 2010. 2007 ERS-2 Envisat 2008 approved mission 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 3 -years extension approved mission 3 -years extension New orbital parameters oved by To be appr nd PB-EO DOSTAG a

Envisat 3 -years extension [2011 -2013] The context 2007 2008 ERS-2 2009 2010 2011 Envisat 3 -years extension [2011 -2013] The context 2007 2008 ERS-2 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Envisat Sentinel-1 a SAR ASAR Launch end 2011 Risk of data gap ATSR Altimetry GOME Scatt MERIS AATSR Altimetry GOMOS SCIAMACHY MIPAS Metop & Need of back-up Sentinel-1 b Sentinel-3 a Launch early 2013 Sentinel-3 b Sentinel-4 ? Sentinel-5 ?

How to extend Envisat satellite lifetime beyond 2010 ? Extension scenario. End of phase How to extend Envisat satellite lifetime beyond 2010 ? Extension scenario. End of phase E 3 (i. e. nominal mission): ~ October 2010 (56 kg ± 15 kg remaining fuel) . Altitude change: -17. 4 km (~34 kg needed fuel) . Phase E 4 (i. e. “extended” mission): (22 kg ± 15 kg available fuel) . Repeat cycle: 30 days / 431 orbits. Orbit control: altitude only, inclination drift. MLST variation: first, 22: 00 to 22: 10, then 22: 10 to 21: 50. Artemis availability expected up to 2013 (to be confirmed with Artemis team) . End of phase E 4: ~ mid 2014 (00 kg ± 15 kg remaining fuel)

GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) European independence in data sources for GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) European independence in data sources for environment and security monitoring and The European contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)

GMES Space Component Content of the GMES Space Component Programme § Development, launch and GMES Space Component Content of the GMES Space Component Programme § Development, launch and IOV of the Sentinels § Sentinel 1 § Sentinel 2 § Sentinel 3 MTG, tbc) § Sentinel 4 (instrument on § Sentinel 5 (instrument on Post-EPS, tbc) § Ground Segment § Access to EO data for ESA, Eumetsat, Member States’ missions and TPM for GMES services (Fast Track) § Development of Sentinel GS

Sentinels The GMES Sentinels Sentinel 1 – SAR imaging All weather, day/night applications, interferometry Sentinels The GMES Sentinels Sentinel 1 – SAR imaging All weather, day/night applications, interferometry Sentinel 2 – Superspectral imaging Continuity of Landsat, SPOT & Vegetation-type data Sentinel 3 – Ocean monitoring Wide-swath ocean color and surface temperature sensors, altimeter Sentinel 4 – Geostationary atmospheric Atmospheric composition monitoring, trans-boundary pollution Sentinel 5 – Low-orbit atmospheric Atmospheric composition monitoring

GMES: Joint Infrastructure National, Eumetsat and Third Party Missions for GMES (excerpt) Cosmo. Skymed GMES: Joint Infrastructure National, Eumetsat and Third Party Missions for GMES (excerpt) Cosmo. Skymed Top. Sat SPOT Terrasar-X Pleiades Rapideye Jason-2 UK-DMC Radarsat METOP

Sentinel-1 like missions = already Cat-1 approved Sentinel-1 like missions = already Cat-1 approved

ESA EO missions launch schedule ESA EO missions launch schedule

EO missions handled by ESA 1990 2000 METEOSAT M-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, EO missions handled by ESA 1990 2000 METEOSAT M-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 2004 2010 Meteo METEOSAT Second Generation MSG-1, -2, -3 in cooperation with EUMETSAT METOP-1, -2, -3 Cryosat 2 (Polar Ice Monitoring) GOCE (Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer) Earth Explorers SMOS (Soil moisture) Science to better understand the Earth ADM/Aeolus Earth. CARE SWARM ERS-1, -2 ENVISAT ESA Sentinels satellites GMES Applications Services + to initiate long term monitoring systems National missions (e. g. SPOT, Pleiades, Terra. SAR, Cosmo-Skymed, . . . ) and services Third-Party Missions: European access to non-ESA missions ALOS, SPOT, Landsat, Kompsat-2, Scisat. . . European users

Earthnet and Third Party Missions The Earthnet Programme Objectives: § Serving European users with Earthnet and Third Party Missions The Earthnet Programme Objectives: § Serving European users with non-ESA / non-European data § Fostering European user communities and science competence § Synergistic use and joint exploitation of ESA and Third Party data § Complementing existing ESA Earth Observation Missions § Setting up Ground Segment co-operation (e. g. contingency agreements, joint mission planning) § Long-term commitment: EARTHNET has been established 30 years ago! The historical JERS-1 mission

Earthnet and Third Party Missions § Missions not operated by ESA § for which Earthnet and Third Party Missions § Missions not operated by ESA § for which ESA assumes some responsibility / contributes financially (sharing of Ground Segment facilities or operations cost) § for which ESA assumes a data distribution responsibility, mainly responsibility towards the European Scientific User Community

Historical/Operational Third Party Missions Historical/Operational Third Party Missions

New Third Party Missions and Data SPOT: Opening of online L 1 A SPot New Third Party Missions and Data SPOT: Opening of online L 1 A SPot 2 -SPot 4 archive on 19 -Mar 2007 with > 11. 000 products!! • 10 m pan • 20 m multispectral + capacity for new acquisition planning

Access to ESA Earth Observation data (past and current missions) Access to ESA Earth Observation data (past and current missions)

Access to data catalogue (1/2) EOLI-SA: ESA multi-mission catalogue t a. in li. es Access to data catalogue (1/2) EOLI-SA: ESA multi-mission catalogue t a. in li. es o : //e e abl vail A ttp at h Yesterday

Access to data catalogue (2/2) EOLI-web: gateway to other EO data providers org ww Access to data catalogue (2/2) EOLI-web: gateway to other EO data providers org ww al. port. eo able vail A e. g. DLR Collection s at : //w http

Facilitating access to Earth Observation data A constant objective: ease access to Earth Observation Facilitating access to Earth Observation data A constant objective: ease access to Earth Observation data q Common objective for all missions data handled by ESA: Envisat, ERS, Earth Explorers, and Third Party Missions (e. g. ALOS, SPOT-4, PROBA, …) q Simplified data application procedures for Category 1 use q Internet access to all Near Real Time (NRT) data Internet access to archived data gradually implemented (new dataset, new access systems) q Development of alternative ways to provide data (e. g. processing on demand, toolboxes) q the recent results of Envisat Symposium demonstrated that ESA EO data access has largely improved during the last years.

Access to data in general Product 1 - Physical media CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Discs… 2 Access to data in general Product 1 - Physical media CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Discs… 2 - Internet (Hi. SEEN) Farnborough (Infoterra) Uninet (NO) Ukerna (UK) Red. Iris (ES) Tromsoe (KSAT) GEANT Svalbard (KSAT) Kiruna Salmijarvi (SSC) Sunet (SE) DFN (DE) Maspalomas (INSA) Renateur (FR) Toulouse (CNES) Frascati (ESA) GAR R (IT) Matera (Asi, Telespazio) Asi, 3 - DDS Satellite-based Dissemination USERS Esrange (SSC) ftp ttp h or Neustrelitz (DLR) Oberpfaffenhofen (DLR) Multicast (Europe. Africa, America)

Access to on-line data Currently different systems and interfaces providing direct access to EO Access to on-line data Currently different systems and interfaces providing direct access to EO data for download: cts odu r nt p ce of re ve chi g ar llin Ro for ace s terf t al in produc ic ph t ogra Envisa Ge nt rece for face ducts r o inte cal ived pr phi rch gra Geo ATSR a IS/ MER OT r SP s t p fo ck-u produc pi ftp ived arch Objective: to simplify user interfaces for on-line data access

ESA Earth Observation Policy Data policy defined by ESA Member States: to stimulate a ESA Earth Observation Policy Data policy defined by ESA Member States: to stimulate a balanced development of Science, Public Utility and Commercial Applications, consistent with the mission objectives, q to maximize the beneficial use of data from ESA EO satellites. q Project purpose Category 1 use Research, Applications Development Distribution responsible esa using ESA facilities/stations Most of ESA data (e. g. MERIS) competing Distributing Entities SAR & HR optical data available in Cat. 1 or Cat. 2 Costs of reproduction Free on Internet Cat. 1 use Terms & Conditions available only through Cat. 1 Category 2 use Data costs using ESA facilities and/or agreements with non-ESA stations SARCOM (Spot Image) EMMA (Eurimage) Data costs defined by competing Distributing Entities

How to apply for data access within a Category 1 use framework ? Application How to apply for data access within a Category 1 use framework ? Application for Category 1 use data access can be submitted to ESA at any time using the ESA Earth Observation Principal Investigator portal (http: //eopi. esa. int) http: //eopi. esa. int

Category 1 use : fast registration or full proposal ? Fast Registration Category 1 Category 1 use : fast registration or full proposal ? Fast Registration Category 1 Project Proposal

Charter The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters § Initiated by CNES and Charter The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters § Initiated by CNES and ESA, joined by CSA, NOAA & USGS, ISRO, CONAE, BNSC/DMCII, JAXA, and CNSA § Unified system of space data acquisition / delivery in case of natural or human-made disasters § Data delivery to civil protection agencies, emergency & rescue services; UN cooperating body since 2003 § Operational since 2000: 24 hrs on-duty-operator, data resources from all Charter members, 181 activations until September-2007 § Recent Examples of Charter Activation: § Bam Earthquake 2003 § Tsunami Catastrophe 2004/2005 § Darfur Crisis 2004 § Hurricane Katrina 2005

http: //www. esa. int http: //earth. esa. int http: //envisat. esa. int http: //www. http: //www. esa. int http: //earth. esa. int http: //envisat. esa. int http: //www. eoportal. org eohelp @ esa. int e