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The Biggest New ‘Source’ of Clean Energy —Local Recycled Energy and the Technologies to use it. Tina Kaarsberg, Ph. D House Science Committee, Energy Subcommittee Tina. [email protected] house. gov For Producing Energy: The Emerging Technologies Organized by the. Nanoscience Exchange November 11, 2004
Local enables more use of all fuels 70 (Losses Separate Heat & Power station fuel 100 including T&D) k Pea d man De industrial onsite efficiency) GRID Electricity 30 183 Boiler fuel 83 Combined Heat and Power (Typical Capacity BOILER Heat 55 28 (Losses) CHP Electricity CHP fuel 100 Heat 48 (Losses)
Transmission Capacity vs. Demand k Pea d man De Use of Local energy reduces the need for more transmission infrastructure Capacity
We already recycle energy in many ways. US Operating Recycled Energy Capacity 2002 by Source of Waste Energy --Total 9, 328 MW Wood Waste Liquids, 35 MW, 0% Waste Oil Other Biomass Gases 111 MW, 1% 74 MW, 1% Other Biomass Solid, 25 MW, 0% Landfield Gas, 877 MW, 9% Blast Furnace Gas, 926 MW, 10% Black Liquor, 3577 MW, 39% Other Gases, 1258 MW, 13% Wood Waste Solids, 2447 MW, 27%
We already recycle energy in many states! --Total 9, 328 MW
We could easily recycle a lot more energy Gasturbine Process Heater Residue Gasification - Petroleum Refining EPSI - VOC Control Black Liquor Gasification k Pea d man De Natural Gas Pressure Recovery Turbines Back-Pressure Turbine - Industry Steam Injected Gasturbine (Cheng Cycle Gas Turbine - Drying Landfill Gas Recovery Residue Gasification - Other Industries Municipal Wastewater - Anaerobic Digestion …… 100 GW Potential NOW …Organic Rankine Cycle Fuels Cells in the Chlorine. Alkaline Industry Advanced Cogeneration - Iron & Capacity Steel Back-Pressure Turbine - District Heating Flare Gas Recovery Pressure Power recovery Agriculture - Anaerobic Digestion Industrial Wastewater - Anaerobic Digestion
Policy Options to Promote Local Recycled Energy • Use The Bully Pulpit • Expand Systems R&D – on heat recovery technologies (incl. nano) and – fuel clean up and use (including nano) • Add Recycled Energy to a Renewable Portfolio Standard • Train & Develop Energy Services Workforce.