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The Autonomous Vehicle Race Pat Bassett Vice President NA Research & Engineering Center Engineering Division DENSO International America, Inc.
Who is DENSO? Global Supplier of Advanced Automotive Technology, Systems Autonomous Vehicle Customer wants: Safety, Convenience, with $39. 8 Billion in Sales higher expectations and Components. Comfort & Environment, but with(As of March 31, 2014) Systems Provider Powertrain Control System Engine management system, Gasoline direct injection, Hybrid components, Starter, Alternator, etc. Thermal Systems Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning (HVAC), Compressor, Heat exchangers, Battery thermal management, etc. Information & Communications Systems Instrument cluster, Head-up display, Human machine interface technologies, Horn, Keyless entry, Wireless phone charger, etc. Driving Control & Safety Systems Passive safety technologies, Airbag sensing system, Active safety technologies, Traction control system, Antilock braking system, etc.
Phases of Autonomous Drive
Driver in the Loop Manual Control Vehicle moving into Automated Vehicle mode Driver IN the Loop Vehicle moving OUT of AV mode
Full Autonomous Vehicle: When and How? OEM timing for Full AV Group 4 No AV Prog Group 3 No Info Group 1 By 2020 Group 2 2020 + When: o OEMs have various timing for fully autonomous vehicles o Issues to resolve : Regulations, Infrastructure, Cyber Security How: o Industry wide collaboration to resolve o Level 3 & 4 needed for transition to Full AV (Driver in the Loop) o HMI Systems Approach
Automated Connected Vehicle Environment
HMI Systems Approach: Driver Environment The Driver’s Physical Condition Stress Level Habits Mood
North America HMI R&D and Activity DENSO created Elevate Lab to better understand Driver Workload/Attention Goal: To develop HMI manager product that anticipate drivers needs
North America HMI R&D and Activity Consortium GOAL: To establish a common methodology to measure driver workload/attention Attention Workload OEM Members Include: Honda, Subaru and Jaguar Land Rover
Problems HMI needs to Solve Pat- we need better title for this slide Customer Wants Trust Comfort・Confidence・Safety Solution Notification Operation Assistance adaptation mode display function limit display Driver sensing Operation return promotion driver monitoring user training social acceptance Concern/Problem low-skilled system mode misunderstanding excessive dependency low situation awareness sleepy misuse of the system (unexpected) increase of unsafe behavior can’t understand others inexperienced operator
Driver Sensing [DSM] Gen #2 DSM “Watch the Driver” Functions / Performance Gen #1 DSM “Examine the Driver” DSM Face image processing with data analysis Face direction, eye closure, drowsy, sleepy, driver status analysis Face image processing with data analysis Face direction, eye closure, drowsy, gaze, distraction, driver・ vehicle status analysis facial expression （emotion） Meter installed Face image processing Face direction, eye closure, drowsy Gen #3 DSM Low cost Face direction DSM: Driver Status Monitor year
HUD Display Information HUD will assist in Driver Notification/Operation Head-up Display To safely provide the right information at the right time and in the right location.
Sensor Technology: 360 Degree Awareness Active safety Vehicle Motion Control DCM Millimeter wave radar Laser radar Vision sensor DSS DSM V 2 X 24 GHz millimeter wave radar EPS motor EPS ECU ESC unit Passive safety Pedestrian collision Air bag Satellite G sensor ECU detection sensor Passenger detection sensor Sonar Surround camera Engine ECU Considering application and object recognition/performance, Create the cost optimal sensing system
V 2 X Infrastructure Communications Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Real-time information beyond line of sight
Automated Connected Vehicle Environment
Level 5: Full Autonomous Drive Full Automation
Collaboration Automakers Industry Suppliers PARTNERSHIPS Government BUSINESSES Collaboration between Industry, Academia and Government is required for successful Full Autonomous Vehicle implementation through common issue resolution. Academia
In Summary [ Investigating Level 3 to 4 Transition Systems Approach Industry Collaboration Needed ] DENSO needs to be ready for AV for all of our various customers