- Количество слайдов: 19
The 1960 s A Presidential Perspective
On Sept. 26, 1960, 70 million viewers tuned in to watch the first televised presidential debate…
“That night, image replaced the printed word as the natural language of politics” “Kennedy was quick, aggressive, and col. Nixon was strangely nervous, perspiring profusely, so badly made up… that under the baleful glare of floodlights he looked ill” – TIME magazine
Camelot! Once upon a time, for a thousand days, Jack and Jacqueline Kennedy lived in the White House and presided over their domain with a magical blend of elegance and vibrance. Never had a first family been so good-looking or seemed so young, so intelligent, so talented, so brimming with vitality. Nor had affairs of state, both social and political, been conducted with such style. Furthermore, the presidential couple seemed confidently aware of the charismatic tone they were setting. A favorite Kennedy song from a current Broadway hit show became identified with his regime - Camelot, the story of the magical court of King Arthur.
Jackie has said John would play the song often before going to bed. These were his favorite lines: Don’t let it be forgot That once there was a spot For one brief shining moment That was known as Camelot
A Captivating First Lady… She so captivated the people of France while on a visit with her husband, that the president opened a press conference by saying, “Allow me to introduce myself. I’m the man who accompanied Jacqueline Kennedy to Paris. ”
The New Frontier We stand today on the edge of a New Frontier -- the frontier of the 1960's, the frontier of unknown opportunities and perils, the frontier of unfilled hopes and unfilled threats…. Beyond that frontier are uncharted areas of science and space, unsolved problems of peace and war, unconquered problems of ignorance and prejudice, unanswered questions of poverty and surplus. But I believe that the times require imagination and courage and perseverance. I'm asking each of you to be pioneers towards that New Frontier. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age -- to the stout in spirit, regardless of Party, to all who respond to the scriptural call: "Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be [thou] dismayed. " – J. F. Kennedy, July 15, 1960
Inspiring a nation… “Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country. ” - John F. Kennedy, 1961
Would you be inspired? “Let the word go forth from this time and place… that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans. … So let us begin anew…. Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths and encourage the arts and commerce…. All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days…. The energy, the faith, the devotion which will bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it – and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. ” John F. Kennedy, January 20, 1962
But not everything was as glossy as it might have seemed…. “The Responsibilities…are greater than I imagined them to be, and there are greater limitations upon our ability to bring about a favorable result…. It is much easier to make the speeches than it is to finally make the judgments, because unfortunately your advisors are frequently divided. If you take the wrong course, and on occasion I have, the President bears the burden of the responsibility…. The advisors may move on to new advice. ” John F. Kennedy, December 16, 1962
Kennedy and the Cold War Peace Corps As defined by the U. S. Congress, the Peace Corps has three goals: l to help people in underdeveloped countries by supplying trained personnel; l to generate among the people being served a better understanding of Americans; l and to give Americans a better understanding of people of other cultures. The organization, founded in 1961, has sent more than 170, 000 volunteers to developing nations since its inception.
How was the Peace Corps a product of the Cold War?
Bay of Pigs Invasion l 1960 – Eisenhower gives CIA permission to secretly train hundreds of Cuban exiles for invasion of Cuba l Kennedy learns of operation 9 days after his election, has doubts, but approves
A Failed Invasion… April 17, 1961 – 1, 400 Cuban exiles invade Cuba and face 20, 000 Cuban troops, backed with Soviet tanks and jets l Invasion was a big public failure… “ North American mercenaries look like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest. ” – Cuban media report “How could that crowd at the CIA and the Pentagon be this wrong? ” - Kennedy l
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 l Summer of ’ 62 – flow of Soviet weapons to Cuba increases l Oct. 16– U. S. U-2 plane photographs Soviet construction of missile base on Cuba l Oct. 22 – Kenney informs nation of missiles in Cuba – makes clear any attack on U. S. would trigger full counterattack on Soviet Union
Good intentions with few measureable results…
November 22, 1963 a martyred leader…