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Tele-Immersion and High-Speed Networking Maxine Brown Associate Director, Electronic Visualization Laboratory March 15, 1999 Tele-Immersion and High-Speed Networking Maxine Brown Associate Director, Electronic Visualization Laboratory March 15, 1999 University of Illinois at Chicago

Electronic Visualization Laboratory What is EVL? • 25 years at UIC • Joint program Electronic Visualization Laboratory What is EVL? • 25 years at UIC • Joint program between UIC Computer Science and Art & Design departments • 2 directors and 12 associated faculty • 10 staff • 100 graduate students (24 supported) • Collaborations with – NCSA Alliance – Argonne National Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago

Electronic Visualization Laboratory CAVE Research and Development 1992—Prototype CAVE 1993— 10’x 10’ CAVE 1994—SIGGRAPH Electronic Visualization Laboratory CAVE Research and Development 1992—Prototype CAVE 1993— 10’x 10’ CAVE 1994—SIGGRAPH VROOM 1995—I-WAY at SC’ 95 1997— 100 CAVES and derivatives worldwide 1997 -8—NSF funding for tele-immersion, new desktop VR devices, STAR TAP, NCSA Alliance University of Illinois at Chicago

Electronic Visualization Laboratory CAVERN Research and Development • Tele-immersion will enable users in different Electronic Visualization Laboratory CAVERN Research and Development • Tele-immersion will enable users in different locations to collaborate in a shared, simulated environment as if they were in the same room—the ultimate synthesis of networking and media technologies to enhance collaborative environments • Tele-immersion applications must combine audio, video, virtual worlds, simulations, and many other complex technologies, requiring huge bandwidth, very fast responses, and guarantees of delivery www. evl. uic. edu/cavern www. ncsa. uiuc. edu/VR/cavernus University of Illinois at Chicago

MREN—America’s First Operational Giga. Po. P Chicago Area Sites Ameritech NAP houses STAR-TAP and MREN—America’s First Operational Giga. Po. P Chicago Area Sites Ameritech NAP houses STAR-TAP and MREN Hub Northwestern UMich /MSU UMinn UWisc Ameritech Fermi Nat’l Lab MCI EVL/UI Chicago U Chicago OC 12 v. BNS Argonne Nat’l Lab NCSA University of Illinois at Chicago

Supercomputing ‘ 95 I-WAY • EVL/Argonne/NCSA planned and built I-WAY for Supercomputing ‘ 95 Supercomputing ‘ 95 I-WAY • EVL/Argonne/NCSA planned and built I-WAY for Supercomputing ‘ 95 • Prototyped on MREN • First large-scale agency interoperability test of IP over ATM: v. BNS, AAI, ESnet, ATDnet, Cal. REN, NREN, MAGIC, CA*NET • 33 Academic, National Lab and Industry institutions; 17 sites; 61 projects • First Tele-Immersion experiments University of Illinois at Chicago

I-WAY — Grid v 1. 0 Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure I. Foster, I-WAY — Grid v 1. 0 Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure I. Foster, C. Kesselman (Eds), Morgan Kaufmann, 1999 • ISBN 1 -55860 -475 -8 • 22 chapters by expert authors including Andrew Chien, Jack Dongarra, Tom De. Fanti, Andrew Grimshaw, Roch Guerin, Kennedy, Paul Messina, Cliff Neuman, Jon Postel, Larry Smarr, Rick Stevens, and many others “A source book for the history of the future” -- Vint Cerf http: //www. mkp. com/grids University of Illinois at Chicago

v. BNS Logical Connectivity University of Illinois at Chicago v. BNS Logical Connectivity University of Illinois at Chicago

STAR TAP Science Technology and Research Transit Access Point University of Illinois at Chicago STAR TAP Science Technology and Research Transit Access Point University of Illinois at Chicago

What is STAR TAP (vision)? • Persistent interconnection point and anchor for advanced (high-performance) What is STAR TAP (vision)? • Persistent interconnection point and anchor for advanced (high-performance) networking initiatives of the USA and international partners • Enabler for collaborative development of next-generation Internet applications • A capability born out of frustrations of past I-WAY experience and the hopes of the G 7 GIBN initiative University of Illinois at Chicago

What is STAR TAP (details)? • STAR TAP anchors v. BNS International Connections program What is STAR TAP (details)? • STAR TAP anchors v. BNS International Connections program • STAR TAP features a large ATM switching facility run by Ameritech Advanced Data Services (AADS) with the same physical equipment as the MREN Chicago Giga. Po. P • STAR TAP’s goal is to develop the teams, tools, system software, documentation, and human interface models to enable international-scale, multi-site collaborations University of Illinois at Chicago

STAR TAP, NGI, and Internet 2 • STAR TAP is part of the USA STAR TAP, NGI, and Internet 2 • STAR TAP is part of the USA Next Generation Internet (NGI) Initiative • STAR TAP (NGIX) connects USA agency networks like the v. BNS, ESnet, NREN, and DREN to other countries and networks • Internet 2/UCAID/Abilene peer at STAR TAP • Experimental networking is encouraged (e. g. , Wave Division Multiplexing with CA*NET 3, NU, NCSA, IU, UIC) University of Illinois at Chicago

STAR TAP International Connected, Imminent, Interested • APAN (Australia, China, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, STAR TAP International Connected, Imminent, Interested • APAN (Australia, China, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand) • Austria • NORDUnet (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) • Brazil • Canada • CERN • Chile • • • France Germany Israel Netherlands Russia Singapore South Africa Taiwan United Kingdom US (v. BNS, ESnet, NREN, DREN, Abilene) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid: The International Grid Research Demonstrations • 22 demonstrations that featured SC’ 98 i. Grid: The International Grid Research Demonstrations • 22 demonstrations that featured technical innovations and application advancements requiring high-speed networks, with emphasis on distributed computing, tele-immersion, large datasets, remote instrumentation, and collaboration • 10 countries: Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan, USA www. startap. net/igrid/ University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid Industrial Mold Filling Indiana University (USA), Argonne National Laboratory (USA), SC’ 98 i. Grid Industrial Mold Filling Indiana University (USA), Argonne National Laboratory (USA), Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA), Industrial Materials Institute, NRC (Canada), Centre de Recherche en Calcul Appliqué (Canada) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid 3 D Magneto Hydrodynamic Equations Sandia National Laboratories (USA), Pittsburgh SC’ 98 i. Grid 3 D Magneto Hydrodynamic Equations Sandia National Laboratories (USA), Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (USA), High Performance Computing Center, a division of the Computing Center of Stuttgart University (Germany) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid Telebot and Einstein Spacetime University of Illinois at Chicago (USA) SC’ 98 i. Grid Telebot and Einstein Spacetime University of Illinois at Chicago (USA) Max Planck Institut fuer Gravitationphysik, Albert Einstein Institut (Germany), NCSA (USA), Argonne National Laboratory (USA), Washington University (USA) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid Taiwan Numerical Wind Tunnel National Center for High Performance Computing SC’ 98 i. Grid Taiwan Numerical Wind Tunnel National Center for High Performance Computing (Taiwan), National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan), National Chioa-Tung University (Taiwan) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid IMS Racer Lawrence Technological University (USA), University of Michigan (USA) SC’ 98 i. Grid IMS Racer Lawrence Technological University (USA), University of Michigan (USA) University of Illinois at Chicago

SC’ 98 i. Grid—The Netherlands Parallel Lighting Simulation SARA: Academic Computing Services Amsterdam (The SC’ 98 i. Grid—The Netherlands Parallel Lighting Simulation SARA: Academic Computing Services Amsterdam (The Netherlands) University of Illinois at Chicago

International Applications-Level Networking Challenges and Opportunities • Building relationships – internationalization • Time zones International Applications-Level Networking Challenges and Opportunities • Building relationships – internationalization • Time zones – Asynchronous collaboration – Annotations and recording • • Network speeds / Qo. S needs Speed of light – bandwidth x latency (delay) Audio – one of the most demanding app’s. Culture – elitism/equality; industrial partners University of Illinois at Chicago

International Impact: Five Years From Now • Distributed computing, simulation, data mining, and instruments International Impact: Five Years From Now • Distributed computing, simulation, data mining, and instruments will be coupled with tele-immersion over the worldwide Grid; audio, video, gesture and haptics will be integrated with latency tolerant techniques • Methods for recording, editing, annotating, replaying, and broadcasting tele-immersive sessions will be perfected; avatars will help convey a true sense of tele-presence University of Illinois at Chicago

International Impact: Five Years From Now • Tele-immersion is particularly critical for trans-oceanic science International Impact: Five Years From Now • Tele-immersion is particularly critical for trans-oceanic science and engineering users • Tele-immersion (CAVERN implementation) is particularly difficult and challenging as distance increases • Significant participation expected by international researchers via STAR TAP, given support for applications development University of Illinois at Chicago

For More Information Websites: • • • www. evl. uic. edu www. startap. net For More Information Websites: • • • www. evl. uic. edu www. startap. net www. vbns. net www. internet 2. edu www. ngi. gov University of Illinois at Chicago