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TED Unit 2 Notes TED Unit 2 Notes

What is population growth? • Population growth an increase in the number of people What is population growth? • Population growth an increase in the number of people who inhabit a territory or state. An increase in population cause a number of new problems to arise. In the 18 th century, the population in England almost doubled and profoundly affected the demand for textiles. As a result, tremendous pressure was placed on textile manufacturers to produce more products with fewer resources and was one of the factors that led to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Two significant events that occurred during this period were the invention of the cotton-spinning jenny and the application of the steam engine towards textile manufacturing. This helped establish Great Britain as the world's first industrialized nation. This story above is an example of how:

In the 18 th century, the population in England almost doubled and profoundly affected In the 18 th century, the population in England almost doubled and profoundly affected the demand for textiles. As a result, tremendous pressure was placed on textile manufacturers to produce more products with fewer resources and was one of the factors that led to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Two significant events that occurred during this period were the invention of the cotton-spinning jenny and the application of the steam engine towards textile manufacturing. This helped establish Great Britain as the world's first industrialized nation. This story above is an example of how: A. Technology should be used to control population growth. B. Technological developments result in the creation of new problems. C. An increase in human population leads to the creation of new problems. D. Technology increases the quality of life of the middle class.

What type of improvements were there in products during the Renaissance period? • During What type of improvements were there in products during the Renaissance period? • During the Renaissance period, a number of new products were created showing more detail and precision. This suggests that there were improvements in methods of measuring (allowing more precision) The representative artifacts (e. g. Barometer, clocks, etc) for the Renaissance period appear more detailed and are constructed with more precision, than in previous periods. This suggests that there may have been improvements in:

The representative artifacts (e. g. Barometer, clocks, etc) for the Renaissance period appear more The representative artifacts (e. g. Barometer, clocks, etc) for the Renaissance period appear more detailed and are constructed with more precision, than in previous periods. This suggests that there may have been improvements in: A. Methods of measuring B. C. D. Computer-integrated manufacturing Human creativity Public education

What is the information age? • The information age is a period beginning in What is the information age? • The information age is a period beginning in the last quarter of the 20 th century when information became easily accessible through publications and through the manipulation of information by computers and computer networks Since 1980, data was readily available through many means of communication. Integrated circuits and size of processors have enhanced the speed of communication and how communication data is sent. Based on this, what is the name of the current era or time?

Since 1980, data was readily available through many means of communication. Integrated circuits and Since 1980, data was readily available through many means of communication. Integrated circuits and size of processors have enhanced the speed of communication and how communication data is sent. Based on this, what is the name of the current era or time? A. B. C. D. Industrial Age Information Age Data Age Digital Age

What are products of the information age? • Products that were developed or invented What are products of the information age? • Products that were developed or invented during the information age include: • Computers • Cell Phones • Mp 3 players The information age covers most types of communication, what is NOT a product of the information age?

The information age covers most types of communication, what is NOT a product of The information age covers most types of communication, what is NOT a product of the information age? A. B. C. D. Computer Television Cell Phone mp 3 player

How has the information age developed technological devices that have long lasting effects? • How has the information age developed technological devices that have long lasting effects? • The information age has been able to develop devices with such long lasting effects mainly because the devices are innovative and efficient. The information age is also the latest age, so products from this age are going to be more relevant and easier to use. Which age saw the development of many technological devices that produced long lasting effects?

Which age saw the development of many technological devices that produced long lasting effects? Which age saw the development of many technological devices that produced long lasting effects? A. B. C. D. Middle Ages Iron Age Information Age Renaissance

What is the Paleolithic age? • Lasting from 750, 000 BCE - 10, 000 What is the Paleolithic age? • Lasting from 750, 000 BCE - 10, 000 B. C. E. , the Paleolithic Age is a period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source. The use and production of stone tools occurred in which period of human history?

The use and production of stone tools occurred in which period of human history? The use and production of stone tools occurred in which period of human history? A. B. C. D. Paleolithic Renaissance Information Neolithic

What was the result of the Renaissance? • The Renaissance brought about advancements in What was the result of the Renaissance? • The Renaissance brought about advancements in both technology and science through inventions such as: printing press by Johannes Gutenberg The Renaissance, which translates to "rebirth", represents a significant period of human history that resulted in the:

The Renaissance, which translates to The Renaissance, which translates to "rebirth", represents a significant period of human history that resulted in the: A. B. C. D. Industrial revolution Advancement of science and technology Elimination of the plague Establishment of medicine as a profession

What was the Scientific Revolution? • The scientific revolution was the intellectual movement in What was the Scientific Revolution? • The scientific revolution was the intellectual movement in Europe, initially associated with formalizing the process of inquiry through design, and the use of the scientific method planetary motion, and other aspects of physics, that by the seventeenth century had laid the groundwork for modern science. Modern research in technology, mathematics, and science benefited from the Scientific Revolution (1550 -1700) because:

Modern research in technology, mathematics, and science benefited from the Scientific Revolution (15501700) because: Modern research in technology, mathematics, and science benefited from the Scientific Revolution (15501700) because: A. B. C. D. it created a demand for technologists, mathematicians, and scientists. it formalized the processes of acquiring money through grants. it formalized the process of publishing scientific discoveries in professional journals. it formalized the process of inquiry through design, and the use of the scientific method.

What was the iron age? • The Iron Age was a period that followed What was the iron age? • The Iron Age was a period that followed the Bronze Age, when weapons and tools came to be made of iron and steel. Which age was defined by the use of iron and steel?

Which age was defined by the use of iron and steel? A. B. C. Which age was defined by the use of iron and steel? A. B. C. D. Middle Iron Renaissance Industrial

What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design? • The factors that distinguish What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design? • The factors that distinguish engineering design from other forms of design include: 1. Mathematics 2. Science 3. Technical principles What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design is the necessary use of three fundamental ingredients. They are:

What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design is the necessary use of What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design is the necessary use of three fundamental ingredients. They are: A. B. C. D. research, money, and technology computer, the Internet, and knowledge mathematics, science, and technical principles mathematics, science, and computers

How has development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to improvements? • Development How has development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to improvements? • Development is agricultural technology has led to improvements in various things, however the most important includes improvements in human longevity and health. The development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to significant improvements in:

The development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to significant improvements in: A. The development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to significant improvements in: A. B. C. D. Personal Hygiene Human longevity and health Engineering Scientific discovery

What resources are shared among technologies and other fields? • Resources shared include: • What resources are shared among technologies and other fields? • Resources shared include: • Skills • Ideas • Knowledge • These resources often result in technological innovation, which is a change in the thought process of a certain technology. Technological innovation often results when which resources are shared within a technology, among technologies, or across other fields:

Technological innovation often results when which resources are shared within a technology, among technologies, Technological innovation often results when which resources are shared within a technology, among technologies, or across other fields: A. B. C. D. money, knowledge, or marketing creativity, money or skills business, marketing, or ideas, knowledge, or skills

What causes lower production costs? • There are various causes that lead to lower What causes lower production costs? • There are various causes that lead to lower production costs. Some of them include: increasing the output, faster delivery of materials, reducing component costs, and optimization of technology. During the Industrial Revolution steam power increased the output of factories and iron production. Iron was better than other materials for certain applications (cannons). The demand increased. To increase production, faster delivery of materials was needed (iron rails) which increased the need for more iron. This process tends to:

During the Industrial Revolution steam power increased the output of factories and iron production. During the Industrial Revolution steam power increased the output of factories and iron production. Iron was better than other materials for certain applications (cannons). The demand increased. To increase production, faster delivery of materials was needed (iron rails) which increased the need for more iron. This process tends to: A. B. C. D. decrease iron usage in general. lower competition among iron producers. reduce capital investments. lower unit production costs.

What were the uses of water wheel powered trip hammers during the Middle Ages? What were the uses of water wheel powered trip hammers during the Middle Ages? • Water wheel powered trip hammers had various uses including: purifying iron, bloomsforging metal, and softening leather In the Middle Ages, the water wheel powered trip hammers were used for each of these processes except:

In the Middle Ages, the water wheel powered trip hammers were used for each In the Middle Ages, the water wheel powered trip hammers were used for each of these processes except: A. B. C. D. purifying iron blooms forging metal milling flour softening leather

What subjects help in the advancement of technology? • Mathematics and science are the What subjects help in the advancement of technology? • Mathematics and science are the two subjects that usually help in the advancement of technology and vice versa. Technology, Science, and Mathematics all have similar aspects that help with the advancement of all three subjects. Advancement in technology usually results in:

Advancement in technology usually results in: A. B. C. D. advancements in mathematics and Advancement in technology usually results in: A. B. C. D. advancements in mathematics and science advancements in mathematics and language arts advancements in science and technology education advancements in mathematics and social science

What is the bronze age? • The bronze age is a prehistoric period that What is the bronze age? • The bronze age is a prehistoric period that followed the Stone Age when certain weapons and tools came to be made of bronze. The age that follows the bronze age is the Iron Age. What time period falls in between the bronze age and the middle ages?

What time period falls in between the bronze age and the middle ages? A. What time period falls in between the bronze age and the middle ages? A. B. C. D. Iron age Renaissance Information age Industrial Revolution

What is a technology transfer? • A technology transfer is the exchange of knowledge, What is a technology transfer? • A technology transfer is the exchange of knowledge, hardware and associated software, money and goods among stakeholders that leads to the spreading of technology for adaptation or mitigation. Using a tennis racket to swat flies is an example of :

Using a tennis racket to swat flies is an example of : A. B. Using a tennis racket to swat flies is an example of : A. B. C. D. Technology transfer An invention Spin off A discovery

What types of inventions were there during the Renaissance age? • There were various What types of inventions were there during the Renaissance age? • There were various products invented during the Renaissance age including: • Clocks • Microscopes • Telescopes • Compass • Printing Press • Calculators The compass, telescope and calculator are all products of the:

The compass, telescope and calculator are all products of the: A. B. C. D. The compass, telescope and calculator are all products of the: A. B. C. D. Renaissance age Middle age Information age Iron age

How was the microscope a catalyst for additional scientific discoveries? • The microscope was How was the microscope a catalyst for additional scientific discoveries? • The microscope was a technological device that became a catalyst for other scientific discoveries such as the telescope, various different types of microscopes, and other devices with lens similar to that of microscopes. It was a catalyst mainly because it was the first device of its kind. Which of the following Technological devices was a catalyst for additional scientific discoveries?

Which of the following Technological devices was a catalyst for additional scientific discoveries? A. Which of the following Technological devices was a catalyst for additional scientific discoveries? A. B. C. D. Microscope Gaming System Automobile Microwave Oven

How did the printing press benefit society? • The printing press benefited society by How did the printing press benefit society? • The printing press benefited society by making books less costly and available to more people. The printing press, developed by Johann Gutenberg in 1445, made books less costly and available to more people. This is an example of how technology :

The printing press, developed by Johann Gutenberg in 1445, made books less costly and The printing press, developed by Johann Gutenberg in 1445, made books less costly and available to more people. This is an example of how: A. B. C. D. hinders society benefits society impedes society motivates society

What started the information age? • The Information Age formed by capitalizing on the What started the information age? • The Information Age formed by capitalizing on the computer advances, with a transition spanning from the invention of the personal computer in the late 1970 s to the internet's reaching a critical mass in the early 1990 s, and the adoption of such technology by the public in the two decades after 1990. What invention started the information age?

What invention started the information age? A. B. C. D. mp 3 player Internet What invention started the information age? A. B. C. D. mp 3 player Internet Cell phone computer

How was Neptune discovered? • The planet Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was How was Neptune discovered? • The planet Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was directly observed. With a prediction by Urbain Le Verrier, telescopic observations confirming the existence of a major planet were made, working from Le Verrier's calculations. It was a sensational moment of 19 th century science and dramatic confirmation of Newtonian gravitational theory. The story of how Neptune was discovered is a good example of how:

The story of how Neptune was discovered is a good example of how: A. The story of how Neptune was discovered is a good example of how: A. B. C. D. mathematics, science and technology complement and support each other mathematics, science and technology occasionally work together mathematics, science and technology sometimes complement each other science is more important than mathematics or technology

What are advantages of steam powered ships? • A steam powered ship is a What are advantages of steam powered ships? • A steam powered ship is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels. Advantages of steam powered ships include: being able to operate independent of the wind and that they kept to a schedule In an industrial country the biggest advantage of steam powered ships over sailing ships was that they were:

In an industrial country the biggest advantage of steam powered ships over sailing ships In an industrial country the biggest advantage of steam powered ships over sailing ships was that they were: A. B. C. D. always faster kept to a schedule cheaper to operate more seaworthy

What did the invention of telescopes, microscopes, thermometers influence? • The invention of microscopes What did the invention of telescopes, microscopes, thermometers influence? • The invention of microscopes and other products influenced science as they allowed experiments to be conducted more easily. During the Renaissance period, the technological development of items such as telescopes, microscopes, and thermometers greatly influenced progress in

During the Renaissance period, the technological development of items such as telescopes, microscopes, and During the Renaissance period, the technological development of items such as telescopes, microscopes, and thermometers greatly influenced progress in: A. B. C. D. Science Manufacturing Construction Electricity

What subject has a direct effect on society? • Technology has more of a What subject has a direct effect on society? • Technology has more of a direct effect on society for a number of reasons. It has the ability to solve and create new problems/needs, it is easily accessible, and is easy to use. What area tends to have a more direct effect on society because of its ability to both solve and create new problems and needs?

What area tends to have a more direct effect on society because of its What area tends to have a more direct effect on society because of its ability to both solve and create new problems and needs? A. B. C. D. Science Technology Mathematics Social Studies

How does studying the history of technology help people? • Studying the history of How does studying the history of technology help people? • Studying the history of technology helps people by allowing them to better understand the world as well as understanding the technology around them. In order to better understand the world and technology around them, people need to understand:

In order to better understand the world and technology around them, people need to In order to better understand the world and technology around them, people need to understand: A. B. C. D. the history of technology. the future of the country. the current technology. the history of civilization.

What is the middle age? • The period of European history from the fall What is the middle age? • The period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5 th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), or, more narrowly, from c. 1100 to 1453. The printing press, compass, water wheel, and paper money were invented during this time period. The printing press, magnetic compass, paper money, and the water wheel were invented during the:

The printing press, magnetic compass, paper money, and the water wheel were invented during The printing press, magnetic compass, paper money, and the water wheel were invented during the: A. B. C. D. Middle Ages Iron Age Bronze Age Renaissance

What was the renaissance? • The renaissance was the period of European history at What was the renaissance? • The renaissance was the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14 th through the middle of the 17 th centuries A time of rebirth in arts and humanities was known as:

A time of rebirth in arts and humanities was known as: A. B. C. A time of rebirth in arts and humanities was known as: A. B. C. D. Renaissance Middle Ages Industrial Revolution Information Age

How did the Renaissance influence the advancement of science? • The renaissance influenced the How did the Renaissance influence the advancement of science? • The renaissance influenced the advancement of science by the development and invention of instruments for measuring. The period of human history that dramatically influenced the advancement of science through the development of instruments for measuring was the:

The period of human history that dramatically influenced the advancement of science through the The period of human history that dramatically influenced the advancement of science through the development of instruments for measuring was the: A. B. C. D. Renaissance Neometrics Industrial Revolution Space Age

When did alphabet and coins come into general use? • The alphabet and coins When did alphabet and coins come into general use? • The alphabet and coins came into general use during the Iron Age, which is also when there was a rapid spread of iron tools and weapons The alphabet and coins came into general use during what time period?

The alphabet and coins came into general use during what time period? A. B. The alphabet and coins came into general use during what time period? A. B. C. Iron age Middle ages Stone age D. Information age

When must new equations be created? • New equations must be created as the When must new equations be created? • New equations must be created as the development of new inventions and innovations continue to grow. With development of inventions and innovations new:

With development of inventions and innovations new: A. B. C. D. Processes must be With development of inventions and innovations new: A. B. C. D. Processes must be created Equations must be created Equipment must be created Sciences must be created

What does revolutionary mean? • Revolutionary is markedly new or introducing radical change; What does revolutionary mean? • Revolutionary is markedly new or introducing radical change; "a revolutionary discovery"; Example: the invention of the telescope and microscope brought revolutionary changes in the way people viewed the world. The telescope and the microscope represent technologies that aided in bringing about what type of changes in how humans viewed the world?

The telescope and the microscope represent technologies that aided in bringing about what type The telescope and the microscope represent technologies that aided in bringing about what type of changes in how humans viewed the world? A. B. C. D. revolutionary major radical conservative

What does computer technology allow the exchange of? • Computer technology has developed to What does computer technology allow the exchange of? • Computer technology has developed to easily allow the rapid transfer of : information, money and data. Increases in computer technology has led to the rapid and easy exchange of the following EXCEPT:

Increases in computer technology has led to the rapid and easy exchange of the Increases in computer technology has led to the rapid and easy exchange of the following EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. information electronics data money

What are transistors and microprocessors? • A transistor is a semiconductor device with three What are transistors and microprocessors? • A transistor is a semiconductor device with three connections, capable of amplification in addition to rectification and a microprocessor is an integrated circuit that contains all the functions of a central processing unit of a computer. These inventions launched the information age. The invention of the transistor and microprocessor launched the:

The invention of the transistor and microprocessor launched the: A. B. C. D. Information The invention of the transistor and microprocessor launched the: A. B. C. D. Information age Industrial revolution Renaissance Globalization of work