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Teaching Procedures • • • Starting up Vocabulary Listening Reading Skills Writing
Starting up • Which modern or historical leaders do you most admire? Why? • What makes a great leader? Write down a list of characteristics
Vocabulary: Adjectives of character indecisive formal inaccessible demotivating uncharismatic cold thoughtless cautious incautious unadventurous inflexible X unaggressive unenergetic unpersuasive closed unattractive X
Listening • Three qualities leaders of large companies usually have: – Vision: leaders must create a picture of where the organisation is going and each person’s role in this process of change. – Inspiration: leaders must inspire the people they work with. – Momentum: leaders must create momentum and make sure that people are moving forward with various projects that are under their control.
Listening • Nelson Mandela: As well as vision and inspiration and momentum, he also has a magical charisma, even on TV, and is clearly able to move people to action. • Winston Churchill: He was a very good leader for one era in British history although he was not seen to be a very good leader in a different era. • Bernie Ellis: He coached Max’s rowing team when he was at University. He was a brilliant leader because he was very down to earth and he inspired them to row fast.
Reading: The founder of Ikea
• IKEA (Swedish: [ɪˈkeːˈa]) is a multinational group of companies that designs and sells ready-toassemble furniture (such as beds, chairs and desks), appliances and home accessories. As of January 2008, it is the world's largest furniture retailer. The company is known for its modern architectural designs for various types of appliances and furniture, and its interior design work is often associated with an eco-friendly simplicity. As of September 2016, IKEA owns and operates 389 stores in 48 countries.
Reading • Winning formula behind Ikea’s success • Make affordable, well-designed furniture available to the masses • Mr. Kamprad’s lifestyle • Charismatic, humble and private The core of Ikea’s philosophy
Reading • Leadership style – Cost-consciousness: fly tourist/economy class – Expresses “togetherness” : hug employees – Informal: “call me Ingvar”, no tie – Obsessive attention to detail – Ability to choose the right managers – Hates short-termism: not go public
Skills: Decision-making • Listen to the management of a retail group discussing the problem of their store in Paris. Tick the expressions in the Useful Language box that you hear. – – – – Asking for the facts Making a suggestion Disagreeing Identifying needs Agreeing Expressing doubt Making a decision Stating future action
Skills: Decision-making • Role play this situation. You are board members of a manufacturing firm. As your company is making a loss, you must cut costs. Hold a meeting to decide which one of these options to follow – Cut factory workers’ wage by 10% – Make 50 employees redundant – Pay no end-of-year bonuses – Reduce everyone’s salary by 8%
Writing • Write an email to the CEO of your company. Summarise what action you agreed to take at the meeting to cut costs. Explain your reasons.
Case Study • CEO sends out birthday cards to every employee; start a company magazine • The employee of the month can get a company gift • CEO drops in on staff frequently • Have a company uniform • Cancel the end-of-year bonus scheme and spend the money on Christmas parties at top hotels • A new appraisal scheme