- Количество слайдов: 51
Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The Geography of Iran
Iranian Oil Resources
Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, Prime Minister of Iran § Became Prime Minister in 1951. § Nationalized the foreign oil companies. § Got rid of corrupt military officials. § Was toppled in a coup aided by the America CIA in 1953. § The Shah of Iran returns to power. Q 4
Shah Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941 – 1977) § Institutes Western reforms & ties with the West. § But, the majority of his people live in poverty. § Brutal suppression of dissidents SAVAK Q 5
The Shah & His Wife, Farah Iranian elite/upper- and intellectual classes: very pro-Western.
“The White Revolution” The Shah’s Reform Program (1963) 1. Land reform – 90% of Iran’s peasants became land owners. 2. Massive government-financed heavy industry projects. 3. Granted women more political power – the right to vote. 4. Poured government money into education – especially in rural areas where illiteracy was very high. 5. Profit-sharing for industrial workers. 6. Nationalization of forests and pasture lands.
The Shah at George Washington’s Home, 1950 s
The Shah with Several American Presidents
The Shah with President Jimmy Carter
Reasons for the Fall of the Shah § The Shah spent the oil profits for top of the line American military hardware. § Little money to reinvest back into the Iranian economy. § Religious leaders angry with the Shah for too much “Westernization. ” § Government corruption. § The Shah’s constitutional violations of the basic human rights of his citizens.
The Shah’s Chief Opponents? 1. Oil field workers. 2. Students and other intellectuals. 3. Middle class businessmen. 4. Iranian nationalists. 5. Muslim clerics. Q 6
Anti-American Pin (1960 s)
Iranian Students Protest in Beverley Hills
Anarchy & Revolution The Shah leaves Iran on 1/16/79.
Ayatollah Khomeini Leads the Revolution Khomeini returns to Iran on February 11, 1979. Q 7
Ayatollah Khomeini (r. 1979 -1989) § 1902 – 1989. § Became an Islamic scholar (studied in Qom). § Began to speak out against the Shah in the 1960 s. § Arrested and imprisoned several times by the Shah. § Deported in 1978 & went to France.
Triumphant Muslim Clerics & Iranian Soldiers A theocracy is created! Q 8
SAVAK Suspects Taken
The Fate of the Shah’s Generals
Iran Revolutionary Poster When the devil leaves, the angel returns!
American Embassy in Tehran Taken Over Q 9
52 Americans Held Hostage for 444 Days!
President Carter Becomes a Hostage, Too
Hostage Rescue Disaster
52 American Hostages Released in Jan. , 1981
The Khomeini Revolution
Women in Iran A woman’s hijab represents her Islamic and moral values.
Political Cartoon Commentary The dictatorship is gone! Bring on the dictatorship!
Support for the Palestinian Cause Funds Hamas and Hezbollah. The Ayatollah with Yasir Arafat.
The Iran-Iraq War (1980 -1988) Q 10
The Iran-Iraq War: Taking Sides
Secretary Rumsfeld & Saddam Hussein: 1983
Iraqi Soldiers At the Front § 375, 000 Iraqi casualties & 60, 000 POWs!
Iranian Soldiers § Over 1, 000 Iranian casualties! Q 11
Khomeini’s Death (June, 1989)
Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei The Ayatollah represents the fundamentalist Mullahs.
Ayatollah Khatami The Ayatollah is considered a political moderate. Q 12
Support for the Shi’ites in Iraq Today Moqtada al-Sadr, radical Shi’ite leader in Fallujah, Iraq
Another Nuclear Power? US satellite photo of Iranian nuclear facility near Arak.
An American view of Iranian nuclear power PINOCCHIAYATOLLAH Scott Stantis (Birmingham News) 1/28/05
A view of Iran’s nuclear power from Al-Jazeerah Nobody else (particularly Iran and Arab countries) should have nuclear weapons except Israel, says Bush. -- Hassan Bleybel 10/23/03
Another Future Revolution?
A “Shah” in the Waiting? Reza Pahlavi (III? ), 43 year-old son of the deposed Shah.
Bibliography Ø “ 23 Year Pictorial History of Iran. ” http: //home. att. net/~iranshahr/ Ø “Iranian. com. ” www. iranian. com/Revolution/war. html. Ø “Iran Hostage Anniversary. ” CBS News. www. cbsnews. com/stories/2001/01/18/ iran/main 265244. shtml.