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Surface Fluxes in CEOP F. Beyrich, T. Koike, J. Roads Issues • CEOP in Surface Fluxes in CEOP F. Beyrich, T. Koike, J. Roads Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements • In-situ Reference Site Data in CEOP • Data Examples • CEOP Phase 2 – An Outlook Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP – Goal and Objectives satellite data & products global model Surface Fluxes in CEOP – Goal and Objectives satellite data & products global model output data in-situ reference site data . . . seasonal march, driving mechanisms and possible physical connections of the monsoon systems Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007 . . . document and simulate water and energy fluxes and reservoirs on diurnal to annual time scales and to better predict these for water resource applications

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Schedule (Phase 1) 27 month data collection period Landflux Workshop, Surface Fluxes in CEOP Schedule (Phase 1) 27 month data collection period Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP was initiated as a major step towards bringing together the Surface Fluxes in CEOP was initiated as a major step towards bringing together the research activities in GHP/GEWEX and related projects in WCRP (CLIVAR; CLi. C). CEOP initially developed into an important but separate element of WCRP. It has since come back into the GEWEX fold in its merge with GHP to form the Coordinated Energy and water-cycle Observation Project. CEOP been endorsed by the Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P) as the first element of the IGOS-P Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations (IGWCO) Theme. Hydrometeorological Projects CEOP Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Convergence of Observations A Prototype of the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Convergence of Observations A Prototype of the Global Water Cycle Observation System of Systems

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Satellite Data Available at UTokyo: • ADEOS-II • TRMM • Surface Fluxes in CEOP Satellite Data Available at UTokyo: • ADEOS-II • TRMM • Aqua • DSP 13 -15 (SSM/I) • NOAA-AVHRR • (Terra) • (MSG) Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Model Data Available at MPI Hamburg Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May Surface Fluxes in CEOP Model Data Available at MPI Hamburg Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

CEOP Phase I Reference Site Data Set Availability (as of 9 March) CSE BALTEX CEOP Phase I Reference Site Data Set Availability (as of 9 March) CSE BALTEX Reference Site EOP-3 EOP-4 CSE Reference Site Cabauw Lindenberg GAPP Bondville Norunda Ft. Peck Sodankyla CAMP EOP-3 Mt. Bigelow Chao-Phraya River Oak Ridge Equatorial Island Himalayas Korean Haenam ARM SGP LBA Brasilia Caxiuana Korean Peninsula Mongolia Manaus Northeast Thailand Pantanal Northern South China Sea Rondonia Siberia Taiga Santarem Siberia Tundra Tibet Tongyu MAGS MDB Western Pacific Ocean Murrumbidgee Tumbarumba ARM AMMA BERMS North Slope of Alaska Niamey Oueme Tropical Western Pacific Complete Partial EOP-4

Reference Site Metadata Individual Site Metadata includes: • • Station (s) Contact (s) Links Reference Site Metadata Individual Site Metadata includes: • • Station (s) Contact (s) Links to relevant web pages Station location (e. g. maps, photos) Station description (e. g. vegetation characteristics, soil types, climate) Parameters and Instrumentation descriptions (SFC, TWR, STM, FLX, UA) Links to presentations Links to data sets and additional documentation

Reference Site EOP-3/4 Data Flow Data Source Data/Doc Arrive at EOL Apply Auto/Manual Data/Doc Reference Site EOP-3/4 Data Flow Data Source Data/Doc Arrive at EOL Apply Auto/Manual Data/Doc Consistency Checks Format Verification Gross Limit Checks Exact/Inexact Dup Records Data/Flag/Doc Checks Generate Flagging and Site Statistics Visual Inspection of Data and Plots Merge Data Available On-Line EOL Updates Status Table and Detailed Notes

Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Interoperability Arrangement A well organized collecting, processing, Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Interoperability Arrangement A well organized collecting, processing, storing, and disseminating shared data, metadata and products Model Output Data Archiving Center at the World Data Center for Climate, Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology of Germany In-Situ Data Archiving Center at NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) of USA Data Integrating/Archiving Center at University of Tokyo and JAXA of Japan

Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Data Management Distributed- and Centralized- Data Integration Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period Three Unique Capabilities Data Management Distributed- and Centralized- Data Integration Functions In-situ In-situ UCAR Gr. ADS/ DDDS for Subsets Distributed Integration Services Gr. ADS/ DODS for Subsets http: //jaxa. ceos. org/wtf_ceop/ http: //monsoon. t. u-tokyo. ac. jp/ceop-dc_top. htm satellite Centralized Integration Services Gr. ADS/ DODS for Subsets satellite UT/JAXA satellite Computing Power MPI model model

Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Reference Site Data ® 36 reference sites ® nominated Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Reference Site Data ® 36 reference sites ® nominated from the GEWEX Regional Hydroclimate Projects (RHPs) ® covering different geographic and climate conditions Photo copyrights: Univ. Tokyo, FMI, KNMI, DWD, CPTEC-INPE, IORGC-JAMSTEC, CAS, MSC Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Reference Site Data Sets: • SFC (temperature, humidity, pressure, Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Reference Site Data Sets: • SFC (temperature, humidity, pressure, wind, radiation, precipitation, snow cover) • STM (soil temperature and moisture profiles) • TWR (tower profiles of temperature, humidity, wind) • FLX (energy fluxes) • Sonde (high-resolution radiosonde profiles) quality-controlled, quality flag for each value ® harmonized data format and quality flag system ® metadata and site description available Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Availability & Data Quality Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Availability & Data Quality Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Time Series: Energy Fluxes at Lindenberg - Falkenberg àConsiderable interannual Surface Fluxes in CEOP Time Series: Energy Fluxes at Lindenberg - Falkenberg àConsiderable interannual variability (mean precipitation sum May-Sep: 167 mm, 265 mm, and 351 mm, respectively) Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Fluxes over Heterogeneous Terrain Forest Farmland (diff. types) Water Landflux Surface Fluxes in CEOP Fluxes over Heterogeneous Terrain Forest Farmland (diff. types) Water Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Fluxes over Heterogeneous Terrain Flux Aggregation Techniques • tile averaging Surface Fluxes in CEOP Fluxes over Heterogeneous Terrain Flux Aggregation Techniques • tile averaging • scintillometry • aircraft Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Site Comparison: The BALTEX Sites Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, Surface Fluxes in CEOP Site Comparison: The BALTEX Sites Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Use in CEOP Model Studies E. g. , Kato Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Use in CEOP Model Studies E. g. , Kato et al. , JMSJ 85 A (187 -204) Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP II in WCRP Data Collection: 2007 -2010 Science Foci • Surface Fluxes in CEOP II in WCRP Data Collection: 2007 -2010 Science Foci • Water and energy budget studies (continental scale) • Semi-Arid Region Study • Cold Region Study • Monsoon – aerosol – water cycle interaction • Hydrological applications „. . . Merger of GHP activities and CEOP under one umbrella. . . “ CEOP = Co-ordinated Energy and water cycle Observation Project Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Links Stronger links in WCRP (GEWEX, Cli. C, CLIVAR, WGNE) Surface Fluxes in CEOP Links Stronger links in WCRP (GEWEX, Cli. C, CLIVAR, WGNE) Common data archives / networks (CEOP - Cli. C, CEOP - BSRN) Links to IPY and IGBP - i. LEAPS CEOP as a demonstration project for GEOSS Integration of CEOP in GCOS ? Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Reference Sites DRI / IP 3 Phase 2 NEEESPI CPPA Surface Fluxes in CEOP Reference Sites DRI / IP 3 Phase 2 NEEESPI CPPA CATCH MAHASRI Additional sites / new continental-scale hydroclimate projects Some sites will fill data gap 2005 / 2006 Additional data considered: Clouds, aerosol, hydrology Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007 Surface Fluxes in CEOP Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements • In-situ Reference Site Data in CEOP • Data Examples • CEOP Phase 2 – An Outlook Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Metadata standard development framework § Metadata implementation model ISO 19139 Metadataimplementation § Metadata conceptual Metadata standard development framework § Metadata implementation model ISO 19139 Metadataimplementation § Metadata conceptual model ISO 19115 metadata § Application requirements § Web service application OGC WFS, WCS, CTS

Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Data (Reference Sites) Available at NCAR-EOL Boulder Landflux Workshop, Surface Fluxes in CEOP In-Situ Data (Reference Sites) Available at NCAR-EOL Boulder Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Archives and Data Services Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, Surface Fluxes in CEOP Data Archives and Data Services Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements • In-situ Reference Site Data in CEOP • Data Examples • CEOP Phase 2 – An Outlook Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

CEOP Reference Sites Data Release Guidelines Data exchange guidelines: (1) To comply with WMO CEOP Reference Sites Data Release Guidelines Data exchange guidelines: (1) To comply with WMO Resolutions 40 (CG-XII) and 25 (CGXIII) in particular: No financial implications. (2) CDA and data users: Commercial exploitation of CEOP data is prohibited. (3) Data users: No transfer to third parties. (4) Data release to data users: Turn-around period. Category 1 data: 6 months Category 2 data: 15 months (5) Acknowledgement and citation (6) Co-Authorship for Reference Sites’ PIs recommended, collaboration base required if PI requests co-authorship (in particular for category 2 data) (7) CEOP Publication Library at CDA Hans-Jörg Isemer, International BALTEX Secretariat, isemer@gkss. de

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements • In-situ Reference Site Data in CEOP • Data Examples • CEOP Phase 2 – An Outlook Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007

Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements Surface Fluxes in CEOP Issues • CEOP in WCRP • CEOP Phase 1 Achievements • In-situ Reference Site Data in CEOP • Data Examples • CEOP Phase 2 – An Outlook Landflux Workshop, Toulouse May 28, 2007