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Sudbury Toronto Montreal 2003 State of the Community Survey Results Prepared for The Corporate Strategy and Policy Office of the CAO Robert C. Sinclair, Ph. D. Vice President Paul A Seccaspina, Ph. D. President
Team Members l Oraclepoll Research: Paul Seccaspina l Bob Sinclair City of Greater Sudbury Carlos Salazar
CORPORATE PROFILE • • • We are a national research firm based in Sudbury with offices in Toronto and Montreal. Our staff include 3 senior analysts, 8 support staff, and 40 research staff. The company was founded in 1995 and has experienced consistent annual growth since then. Our call centre is equipped with state of the art Voxco Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) software. Our experience ranges from client satisfaction to program evaluation to advertising / product testing & tracking.
PARTIAL CLIENT LIST • • • BCE (Télébec, Sympatico, Lino, Northern Telephone, Northwestel, Nortel & Télébec Mobility) CTV National Sales and Marketing Domtar Durham Regional Police General Motors / Saturn Corporation Inco Ltd. Johnson & Johnson Northwest Territories Power Corporation OMERS Sudbury Regional Hospital Toronto Public Health World Wildlife Fund
Paul A. Seccaspina, President • • • Honours B. A. , 1986, Laurentian University M. A, 1988, University of Western Ontario Ph. D. , 1997, University of Warwick • • Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Laurentian University, 1988 -1993 Lecturer, Civic Education Project / Yale University, Moldova, 1993 -1994 • • After a career in banking, the securities industry and academia, Dr. Seccaspina founded Oraclepoll in 1995. Since that time he has built a national client base that spans government, the private sector (including several Fortune 500 firms) and not for profit organizations. He has built the company by offering a quality product and excellent service to the corporation’s clients. He regularly deals with media inquires and has been cited in all major Canadian news outlets.
Robert C. Sinclair, Vice President • • • Honours B. A. , 1981, University of Western Ontario M. Sc. , 1984, The Pennsylvania State University Ph. D. , 1988, The Pennsylvania State University • • Professor, Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, 1987 -1991 Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, 1991 -2001 • • Dr. Sinclair is listed among The 2000 Outstanding Scientists of the 21 st Century. He is listed among The 2000 Eminent Scientists of Today. • • • He has approximately 100 scientific publications / presentations / invited talks. He was a member of the Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada Grant Adjudication Committee. He has appeared on national and international television networks including CBS, ABC, CNN, BBC, CTV, CBC, and Global. He has been interviewed by the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, National Post, Globe and Mail, and numerous other newspapers. Dr. Sinclair has extensive experience consulting in the areas of Organizational Development, Organizational Culture, and Program Evaluation, both nationally and internationally.
Methodology & Logistics l Random Sample Survey l 1200 residences l 100 businesses
Rationale for Survey Research l Informational Benefits l Importance of Public Opinion / Community Involvement l Internal Benchmarking l Development of Action Plan
Residential Survey Results
Overview of Descriptive Data l Satisfaction levels among those residents who have had contact with the City are low as comments reveal citizen discontent over reaching the appropriate person and having their needs, issues and concerns dealt with. l Discontent among residents is most evident with respect to infrastructure including roads. l There remains an “in” and “out” divide as residents of the Greater Sudbury Area (GSA) are more likely to be concerned with, infrastructure as well as fire and policing issues than those of the City core.
Quality of Life
Top of Mind Issues 2001 2002 2003 TAXES 16% JOBS / 15 ROADS EMPLOYMENT / % UNEMPLOYME NT 19% HEALTH CARE 16% ROADS 11 15% JOBS / EMPLOYMENT / UNEMPLOYME NT 16% TAXES 10 ROADS 9% HEALTH CARE EQUAL SERVICE ACROSS CGS 5% WATER QUALITY 3% JOBS / EMPLOYMENT / % UNEMPLOYMENT TAXES 12% 9% HEALTH CARE 8% WATER 8% HYDRO / HYDRO RATES 6% ECONOMY 7% HOSPITAL / COMPLETION OF INFRASTRUCTURE 4% % eac h
Healthy Community Percent Agreement 200 0 200 1 200 2 200 3 The community provides quality post college education Na Na Na 73% The community provides quality post secondary university education Na Na Na 70% The community provides opportunities for healthy living Na 71% 68% 67% The community offers good cultural institutions Na 53% 48% 54% The community has a strong and viable arts and cultural community 44% 42% 43% 44% The community provides seniors in our areas with quality care 32% 40% 35% The community provides quality health care services to residents 36% 34% 29% 35%
Level of Interest in Local Politics
Budget Issues Percent Agreement 2000 2001 2002 200 3 Rather than building new facilities or roads, the City should invest in maintaining and improving existing facilities and roads 78% 72% 78% 79 % Where appropriate the direct users of City services should pay for the cost of providing those services 38% 41% 36% 37 % The City should maintain current levels of service and increase taxes up to 5% 22% 37% 32 % The City should reduce service levels by whatever is needed in order to hold the line on taxes 33% 21% 25% 23 %
Contact with City Staff
Top 5 Issues in Terms of Importance • • • Fire Protection Winter Road Maintenance of Main Roads Ambulance Services Police Services
Bottom 5 Issues in Terms of Satisfaction • • • Maintenance of Main Roads Winter Road Maintenance Economic Diversification Providing Quality Land Development Child Care Funding
Time-Related Changes in Satisfaction
Time-Related Changes in Satisfaction
Satisfaction with City Services Collapsed Across Time
Time-Related Changes in Satisfaction
Ward-Related Differences: Satisfaction & Importance Performance Indicators Mean scores were computed based on the ratings of the performance indicators falling into each organizational unit of the City of Greater Sudbury, for both satisfaction and importance ratings Reliability analyses were also conducted
Ward-Related Differences: Satisfaction & Importance Performance Indicators 7 (City Service) X 6 (Ward) mixed-model analyses of variance were conducted on the satisfaction and importance ratings based on the performance indicators Tests: 1) Are there significant differences among the city services? 2) Are there differences among the wards? 3) Are there City Service X Ward interactions? (i. e. , are there different patterns of ratings of city services in the different wards? )
Ward-Related Differences: Satisfaction
City Services: Satisfaction
Conclusions & Recommendatio · Ensure that the GSA does not feel disenfranchised · People are most satisfied with Emergency Services and Public Health · People are least satisfied with Public Works and Economic Development & Planning · Target Gaps in Public Works, Police Services, Emergency Services, and Economic Development and Planning
Problems/Solutions Regarding Performance Indicators Halo Error 1) 2) On performance indicators involving multiple measures/categories (e. g. , Economic Development & Planning), responses on one measure color responses on other performance indicators within category – addressing individual measures could be misleading – use mean responses The general public does not always perceive performance indicators as representing the appropriate organizational unit in the city; thus, responses on one organizational unit can color responses on another (e. g. , providing affordable housing can color responses on the Social Services indicators) – increase public awareness regarding the functions of the organizational units – use multiple indicators that map appropriately onto the organizational units – use mean responses
Problems/Solutions Regarding Performance Indicators Single Indicators 1) 2) Single indicators (e. g. , Police Services, Public Health) are notoriously unreliable and lead to invalid inferences Multiple indicators are needed in order to address each aspect of a particular organizational unit (e. g. , measures of satisfaction with the various multifaceted aspects of Police Services would increase validity and provide more important information regarding the aspects of Police Services that need to be targeted [cf. On a scale from very poor to very good, please rate the level of Police Service that is currently provided]) – develop multiple indicators and use mean responses
Problems/Solutions Regarding Performance Indicators Need for Transactional Data 1) 2) Satisfaction measures on performance indicators on which respondents have no experience are extremely problematic (e. g. , asking people to evaluate satisfaction with libraries, when they have not used a library can distort the data associated with libraries) – move toward transaction-based (i. e. , experience-based) surveys involving multiple indicators and mean responses Conduct focus groups
Business Survey Results
Top of Mind Issues Significant issues – Of respondents with an opinion 2000 2001 2002 2003 Jobs / Unemployment 15 % Taxes (high) 21 % Roads 14 % Amalgamation / Municipal restructuring 11 % Jobs / Unemployment 13 % Economic diversification 14 % Jobs / Unemployme nt 14 % Economic diversification 11 % Economic diversification 10 % Business friendly environment 12 % Taxes 12 % Economy 8% Business friendly environment 8% Jobs / Unemployment 11 % Economic diversificatio n 12 % Keeping youth here 8% Restructuring (process) 7% Service accessibility 10 % By-laws 12 % Taxes (high) 7% Service accessibility 5% By-laws 7% Population decline 5% (Excluding responses of Don’t Know)
Budget Issues Percent Agreement 2001 200 2 2003 Rather than building new facilities or roads, the City should invest in maintaining and improving existing facilities and roads 64% 76% 69% 78% Where appropriate the direct users of City services should pay for the cost of providing those services 59% 48% 49% 47% The City should reduce service levels by whatever is needed in order to hold the line on taxes 28% 31% 26% 22% The City should maintain current levels of service and increase taxes up to 5% 200 0 16% 32% 28% 30%
Satisfaction with Contact with a Municipal Staff Member • 58% contacted a municipal staff member • Only 54% rated the experience as positive (a 10% decline from 2002) • A lack of response/action and poor service were cited as areas for improvement
Top 5 Issues in Terms of Importance • • • Fire Protection Maintenance of Main Roads Winter Road Maintenance Planning for the City’s Future Ambulance Services
Bottom 5 Issues in Terms of Satisfaction • • • Maintenance of Main Roads Developing Job Creation Initiatives Child Care Funding Economic Diversification Winter Road Maintenance
Satisfaction & Importance Performance Indicators Mean scores were computed based on the ratings of the performance indicators falling into each organizational unit of the City of Greater Sudbury, for both satisfaction and importance ratings
Satisfaction & Importance
Type of Business-Related Differences Businesses were categorized as: 1) Hospitality (tourism, restaurants, lodges, hotels, bars, motels, lodges, cottages, tent grounds, entertainment and recreation, movie theatres, etc. ) 2) Retail (sell anything to the general public, except hospitality services) 3) Service (hair dressers, barbers, travel agents, couriers, etc. ) 4) Other (communications/technology, government, manufacturing, nonprofit, professional, natural resources, transportation, wholesale, and other businesses that did not fall into the other categories) Analyses tested for statistically significant differences on all measures as a function of Type of Business
Conclusions & Recommendations: Business · Businesses were most satisfied with Citizen Services and Public Health · Businesses were least satisfied with Public Works, Economic Development & Planning, and Social Services · Largest Gaps in Public Works, Police Services, Economic Development & Planning, and Emergency Services · Target Infrastructure (Note: Businesses view EDP as their realm) · Conduct focus groups/detailed surveys to determine reasons
General Conclusions & Recommendations l l l Residents place a high priority on infrastructure issues followed by economic development issues. Businesses most want their local government to deal with issues related to having a stable infrastructure so that they can conduct their business and are less concerned with economic development issues. In summary, the City needs to reach out to the community and make people feel empowered (i. e. , more a part of the process). As it stands, many residents feel left out. Interventions could include public consultation and reassurances over emergency services and road maintenance. Furthermore, providing the general public with details regarding plans to shore-up services will likely go a long way to increasing public confidence. Often, information is power.
General Conclusions & Recommendations l l Communication Consultation Inclusion Visible Action
Benchmarking Quality of Life, Satisfaction with the Range of City Services, and Confidence in the Community’s Economic Future Ratings were Collected from Residents of: North Bay (n = 76) Timmins (n = 75) Sault Ste. Marie (n = 85) Thunder Bay (n = 76) Toronto (n = 74) Other (n = 242) l Statistical Tests were Conducted to Test for Differences in the Mean (Average) Ratings of Residents of These Cities Versus the Ratings of Residents of the City of Greater Sudbury l
Benchmarking l 1) 2) 3) Sudbury Residents Rate Quality of Life as Significantly Lower than do the of Residents of: North Bay Timmins Other Sudbury Residents do not Differ from the Residents of: Sault Ste. Marie Thunder Bay Toronto
Benchmarking • Sudbury Residents Rate Satisfaction with the Range of City Services as Significantly Lower than do the of Residents of All Other Areas
Benchmarking l Sudbury Residents have Less Confidence in the Economic Future of the Community than do Residents of: 1) Toronto 2) Timmins 3) Other l Sudbury Residents do not Differ from Residents of: 1) North Bay l Sudbury Residents have More Confidence than do Residents of: 1) Sault Ste. Marie 2) Thunder Bay
Benchmarking Take Home Messages: There are definitely issues to address! Sudbury should be on top! More broad-based benchmarking might be useful.