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Stress at work – overview of legal issues HR Forum French Chamber of Commerce Stress at work – overview of legal issues HR Forum French Chamber of Commerce in Great Britain 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

What is stress • What is stress • "…a state, which is accompanied by physical, psychological or social complaints or dysfunctions which results from individuals feeling unable to bridge a gap with the requirements or expectations placed on them". Framework Agreement October 2004 • " the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them". HSE 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

Legal framework • Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 Ø Legal duty Legal framework • Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 Ø Legal duty to undertake risk assessments and manage activities to reduce the incidence of stress at work. Ø HSE Management Standards http: //www. hse. gov. uk/stress/index. htm 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

 • Common Law Tort of negligence Ø Legal duty to take reasonable care • Common Law Tort of negligence Ø Legal duty to take reasonable care for the health and safety of employees in the workplace. Ø Breach of the duty of care causing the employee injury is actionable if an injury of that type as a result of the breach was reasonably foreseeable. 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

 • Disability Discrimination Ø Equality Act 2010 Ø Anxiety, stress and depression having • Disability Discrimination Ø Equality Act 2010 Ø Anxiety, stress and depression having a substantial and long-term adverse effect on an employee's day-to-day activities may amount to a disability under the Act. 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

 • Contract. Breach of express or implied terms of the employment contract • • Contract. Breach of express or implied terms of the employment contract • Restrictions on working hours • Harassment under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 • Unfair dismissal under the Employment Rights Act 1996 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

Disability Discrimination • A physical or mental impairment • The impairment must have adverse Disability Discrimination • A physical or mental impairment • The impairment must have adverse effects that are substantial • The substantial effects must be long-term • The long-term substantial effects must have an adverse effect on normal day-today activities. 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

Disability Discrimination • The duty to make reasonable adjustments – Department of Health guidance Disability Discrimination • The duty to make reasonable adjustments – Department of Health guidance • Stress and disciplinary proceedings 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

Dealing with stress at work - Fair procedure checklist • If any stress-related factors Dealing with stress at work - Fair procedure checklist • If any stress-related factors come to light at performance interviews, in the course of disciplinary proceedings or at appraisals, the employer will be on notice of the health risk and needs to take reasonable steps to remove that risk. • Involve the employee in the process by asking what steps could be taken to remove the stress. • Where the stress relates to poor supervision, take appropriate steps to train managers and supervisors. Where stress is identified as caused by inadequate training, provide such training as the employee requires to perform their duties. • Where the stress relates to others in the workplace, for example, stress carriers, bullying or management style, remedial steps will almost certainly involve discussion with the third party. Whether any further steps need to be taken, such as disciplinary action, will depend on the results of any investigation. 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com

Contacts Miller Rosenfalck LLP Aylesbury House 17 -18 Aylesbury Street London EC 1 R Contacts Miller Rosenfalck LLP Aylesbury House 17 -18 Aylesbury Street London EC 1 R 0 DB England www. millerrosenfalck. com T +44 (0)20 7553 9930 F +44 (0)20 7490 5060 Emmanuelle Ries – [email protected] com 3/19/2018 www. millerrosenfalck. com 10