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Strengthening S, T & I Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction in Mozambique Strengthening S, T & I Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction in Mozambique Republic of Mozambique Ministry of Science and Technology Prof. Venâncio Massingue Minister of Science & Technology MOZAMBIQUE Washington DC, February 2007

Country Background Mozambique Basic q Area: 799, 390 sq. Km q Population (2005): Indicators Country Background Mozambique Basic q Area: 799, 390 sq. Km q Population (2005): Indicators § Total: ~20, 000 q q q § Urban: 31. 0% § Rural: 69. 0% Illiteracy Rate (2003): § Overall: 53. 6% § Urban: 30. 3% § Rural: 65. 7% Per Capita GDP (2004): USD 320 Ranking in HDI (2005): 168 th in 177 Countries Internet Usage Density (2004): 2. 7 Tele-density Fix: 0. 36 Mobile: 8. 6 (source: INE – www. ine. gov. mz) Ministry of Science and Technology 2

Country Background Economic Drivers • Mozambique with now about 20 million of population, is Country Background Economic Drivers • Mozambique with now about 20 million of population, is a rich country in natural resources such us: Hydroelectricity, Gas, Coal, Nacala Minerals, Timber, fertile agriculture and long marine coast. Beira Maputo • Main exports: Sea products, Sugar, Cashew nuts, Tea, Coconuts, Aluminum, Timber. • Main ports: Maputo, Beira and Nacala Ministry of Science and Technology 3

The vision of the Go. M on S&T - Challenges & Opportunities- • Vision: The vision of the Go. M on S&T - Challenges & Opportunities- • Vision: To guarantee an ubiquitous and equitable availability and use of ST&I and ICT`s as a right of all Mozambicans; • Challanges and Opportunities: Ø Gov of Mozambique has declared S&T as the primary productive force for the development; Ø S&T activities directed to areas where largest impact may be achieved through research lines and programmes in each startegic area; Ø Focus on promotion of multidisciplinary, multistakeholder research targeted to problems affecting the most vulnerable social groups. Ministry of Science and Technology 4

Challenges & Opportunities Ministry of Science and Technology 5 Challenges & Opportunities Ministry of Science and Technology 5

Science & Technology Strategic Areas • In our strategy we intend to address the Science & Technology Strategic Areas • In our strategy we intend to address the following areas: ØHuman Resource Development, ØEducation, ØAgriculture, ØEnergy, ØMarine Sciences and Fishing, ØConstruction, ØWater, ØMineral Resources Ministry of Science and Technology 6

Science & Technology Strategic Crosscutting Areas Ø The strategic crosscutting areas include: § § Science & Technology Strategic Crosscutting Areas Ø The strategic crosscutting areas include: § § § Social and Human Sciences and Culture Gender Equity HIV/AIDS Environmental sustainability Ethno-botany Ø The enabling areas acting as catalysts of the development of strategic areas are: § ICT § Biotechnology Ministry of Science and Technology 7

Short, medium and long Strategic Objectives of Science & Technology 1. Foster a culture Short, medium and long Strategic Objectives of Science & Technology 1. Foster a culture of innovation throughout Mozambican society; 2. Promote grass-roots innovation and the use of S&T-based approaches by poor and disadvantaged communities; 3. Promote R&D and innovation within the public and private sectors; 4. Promote technology transfer; 5. Promote the use of ICTs for good governance and service delivery, and for the diffusion of knowledge, in support of poverty reduction and economic growth; Ministry of Science and Technology 8

Short, medium and long term Strategic Objectives of Science & Technology 6. Promote human Short, medium and long term Strategic Objectives of Science & Technology 6. Promote human resource development at all levels in the areas of science, technology and innovation; 7. Build and improve the policy instruments, institutions and infrastructure of the S&T system; 8. Establish funding policies and mechanisms for research and innovation; 9. Review, evaluate and enhance the performance of the S&T system; 10. Promote the mainstreaming of S&T within all sectors. Ministry of Science and Technology 9

On going Programmes • Mainstreaming of S&T into all sectors after its establichment in On going Programmes • Mainstreaming of S&T into all sectors after its establichment in to PARPA; • Regional Centers of Science and Technology (CRCT); Implementation of research statutes and carrier path; Implementation of National Research Fund; Basic Science Programme; Mobility of Scientists; Five Thematic Scientific Councils established: • • • Ø Agriculture, Energy; Ethno-botanic; Health and Water. Ministry of Science and Technology 10

On going Programmes (cont. ) • Human Resource Development; • Millenium Village Programme to On going Programmes (cont. ) • Human Resource Development; • Millenium Village Programme to support MDGs; • Scientific Expedition Programme (More balance between Meetings & Fieldwork); • Coordination: ØTwo annual meetings with researchers and research & academic institutions ØOne bi-annual meeting with partners Ministry of Science and Technology 11

The challenges for all • Establishment of an international agenda with Science and Technology The challenges for all • Establishment of an international agenda with Science and Technology as a driver for the socio -economic development; • Establishment of Financing Mechanisms for S&T; • Promotion of development and implementation of national S&T strategies linked to national development programmes; • Promotion of establishment of S&T indicators for economic growth and wealth creation. Ministry of Science and Technology 12

Thank you EMAIL: venancio. massingue@mct. gov. mz Portals: www. mct. gov. mz www. mozambique. Thank you EMAIL: venancio. [email protected] gov. mz Portals: www. mct. gov. mz www. mozambique. gov. mz Ministry of Science and Technology