- Количество слайдов: 15
Storage Handling of Dangerous Goods Risk Management
Risk Management n S pot the hazard n A ssess the risk n F ix the problem n E valuate the result
Apakah Hazard ? Hazard means anything (including work practices or procedures) that has the potential to harm the health or safety of a person. death injury production loss product damage to: property plant environment loss business
RISK probabilitas suatu hazard akan menghasilkan accident P Risk = f (hazard, exposure) atau Risk = f (probabilitas, konsekuensi) konsekuensi
outcomes accident Unacceptable incident Acceptable near miss No outcomes
n Handling, in relation to dangerous goods, includes conveying, manufacturing, processing, possessing, using, preparing for use, treating, dispensing, packing, selling, offering for sale, supplying, transferring, loading and unloading, rendering harmless, abandoning, destroying and disposing of dangerous goods.
n Incident means any incident listed below occurring at or in a place of work is, if it is an incident that presents a risk to health or safety and is not immediately threatening to life: (a) an injury to a person (supported by a medical certificate) that results in the person being unfit, for a continuous period of at least 7 days, to attend the persons usual place of work, to perform his or her usual duties at his or her place of work or, in the case of a nonemployee, to carry out his or her usual activities, (b) an illness of a person (supported by a medical certificate) that is related to a work process and results in the person being unfit, for a continuous period of at least 7 days, to attend the persons usual place of work or to perform his or her usual duties at that place of work. Incident = unwanted event
IDENTIFYING DANGEROUS GOODS, OBTAINING INFORMATION AND PROVIDING INFORMATION n n n Step 1 – Identification of containers of dangerous goods and emissions Step 2 – Check the classification – are they dangerous goods and/or hazardous substances Step 3 – Make a list Step 4 – Obtain MSDS or equivalent information Step 5 – Obtain health and safety information
Step 1 – Identification of containers of dangerous goods and emissions The first step is to identify where the dangerous goods are located and the forms they take. Substances and goods can appear in a variety of forms. Look through your premises and include an examination of: n n n n containers or packages such as cans, bottles or packets large tanks gas cylinders contents of process vessels or vats stockpiles emissions such as vapours, mists, dusts, fumes, gases by products (including stockpiles) wastes.
Step 2 n Step 2 Identify which of the substances and goods you use, handle, store or emit are classified as either or both: • dangerous goods • hazardous substances. For substances supplied to your premises, identify the type from the • labels on packages or signs (eg placards) on bulk containers • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) you have obtained from the supplier. It is the duty of the supplier to provide information in the form of correct labels on packages or containers. n n Dangerous goods have a “diamond” label. The hazards of dusts and other emissions from items not covered by a label should also be considered. When diluted for use, the classification of some goods may change. However, this does not necessarily mean that the hazards or risks have been eliminated – spraying a dilute solution may still cause hazards. For example, acids that are dangerous goods of Class 8 may no longer be classified as dangerous goods when very dilute, but may be classified as hazardous substances due to the potential to damage skin.
Step 5 is a review of the information on the label, MSDS or from other sources (such as the supplier of plant). For each chemical, goods or substance find out: • the type of hazard; • recommended control measures; • any relevant control conditions necessary to maintain stability; • any risks arising from incompatibility with other goods.
Controlling Dangerous Goods Occurs at Three Levels: n n n Level 1. Containment – the first level of control is to contain the dangerous goods to prevent escape. Effective containment will eliminate some risks. Level 2. Spill or leak control – these are the controls that function if an escape does occur to contain or limit the effects of the escape (eg bunding to limit the spread of a liquid; warning devices that detect a gas leak). Level 3. Fire control and emergency response – these are the steps to be taken if containment fails, and in case the level 2 controls fail to prevent a serious incident.
KELEMAHAN SISTEM SAFETY PROTEKSI HAZARD n Butuh biaya besar Instalasi dan Perawatan n Hazard tetap eksis selalu masih ada resiko akan terjadinya kecelakaan
n Terima Kasih Atas Perhatiannya Ingat ! n Minimalisasi Risiko n Utamakan Keselamatan
Literature n n n Segregation Tabels PT BASF Indonesia Safe Storage of Lab Chemicals http: //chemcareasia. wordpress. com Chemical Storage Handling , http: //www. workcover. nsw. gov. au/Publica tions/Law. And. Policy/Codesof. Practice/cop_s torage_handling_dangerous_goods. htm