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Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz GANIL Introduction to SPIRAL 2 Design goals of the baseline project Status of the construction Letters of Intent for SPIRAL 2

The scientific case of SPIRAL 2 ISOSPIN DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN NUCLEAR FORCES Heavy The scientific case of SPIRAL 2 ISOSPIN DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN NUCLEAR FORCES Heavy and Super Heavy Elements Position of drip-lines Equation of State Role of Isospin N=Z rp-process r-process path Spins&Shapes Spins & Shapes Haloes & Structures in the Continuum Shell structure far from stability Neutrons for science Atomic & solid state physics Radiobiology & Isotope production SPIRAL 2 White Book: www. ganil. fr 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 2

Existing GANIL Accelerators CIME Cyclotron Acceleration of RI Beams E < 25 AMe. V, Existing GANIL Accelerators CIME Cyclotron Acceleration of RI Beams E < 25 AMe. V, 1 - 8 AMe. V for FF Direct beam line CIMEG 1/G 2 caves Existing GANIL Exp. Area Production Caves: : RNB üC converter+UCx target 1014 fissions/s üp- & n-rich RNB (transfer, fusion-evaporation, DIC) Low energy RNB DESIR RFQ p, d source LINAG Exp. Hall Superconducting LINAC: Stable-Ion beams üE ≤ 14. 5 AMe. V HI A/q=3, 1 m. A 29/08/06 üE ≤ 20 A Me. V p, d, 4 He (A/q=2 ions), 5 m. A üPossible extension to A/q=6 ions Heavy-Ion ECR M. Lewitowicz 3

SPIRAL 2 Layout DESIR facility LINAG Exp. Area Low energy RIB GA N IL SPIRAL 2 Layout DESIR facility LINAG Exp. Area Low energy RIB GA N IL High Intensity stable beams LINAG Building RIB Production Building 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 4

Regions of the Chart of Nuclei Accessible with SPIRAL 2 Beams light beams heavy Regions of the Chart of Nuclei Accessible with SPIRAL 2 Beams light beams heavy ions RIB induced reactions Production of radioactive beams/targets: (n, ), (p, n) etc. SHE N=Z Isol+In-flight Transfermiums In-flight Fusion reaction with n-rich beams Fission products (with converter) Fission products (without converter) Deep Inelastic Reactions with RIB High Intensity Light RIB 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 5

SPIRAL 2 yields of fission fragment after acceleration compared to other RNB facilities (best SPIRAL 2 yields of fission fragment after acceleration compared to other RNB facilities (best numbers for all) Today 29/08/06 Today M. Lewitowicz 6

SPIRAL 2 Budget in M€ as stated in the financial agreement signed on Sept. SPIRAL 2 Budget in M€ as stated in the financial agreement signed on Sept. 4 th 2006 (additional cost) (manpower) (Total cost) Detectors are not included in the investment budget of SPIRAL 2 but France (CEA, CNRS, Region BN) contributes to all equipments constructed at GANIL typically at the level of 30 to 50%. 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 7

SPIRAL 2 Schedule 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 SPIRAL 2 Schedule 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Reference Project Def. Safety authorizations Building construction Construction of LINAG Under discussion Stable ion beams from LINAG RIB Reference Planning 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 8

Project Organisation CEA /DSM CNRS/IN 2 P 3 STEERING COMMITTEE National & international Partners Project Organisation CEA /DSM CNRS/IN 2 P 3 STEERING COMMITTEE National & international Partners Project direction Scientific Advisory Committee Scientific Community GANIL Project management Sections: Labs: 29/08/06 Accelerator RIB production Technical Advisory Committee Infrastructure M. Lewitowicz Int. Labs & Partners 9

International Agreements Physics & technique • • • ISOLDE - Letter of agreement signed International Agreements Physics & technique • • • ISOLDE - Letter of agreement signed in 2005 Romania - Mo. U signed on 28/02/06 Dubna - Mo. U signed 14/03/06 SARAF (Israël) Mo. U signed in May 2006 Grant request from the UK community w Direct beam line CIME-G 1/G 2 • BARC – TIFR (Bombay) Mo. U in preparation (draft) w RF system, software • LEA* with LNL Legnaro (Italy) in preparation (second draft) w Mo. U (mainly on d->n converter) to be signed in the coming months • • • LIA* with RIKEN in preparation (draft) Poland - LEA in preparation Triumf - Mo. U in preparation (first draft) Argonne Mo. U in preparation (first draft) Oak Ridge Mo. U under discussion Technical meetings SPIRAL 2 - FAIR *LEA = Lab. Europ. Associé *LIA = Lab. Int. Associé SPIRAL 2 on the ESFRI list

Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz GANIL Introduction to SPIRAL 2 Design goals of the baseline project Status of the construction Letters of Intent for SPIRAL 2

Choice of the baseline project LINAG Exp. Area DESIR Road GA N IL Choice Choice of the baseline project LINAG Exp. Area DESIR Road GA N IL Choice of the HI source and injector §Number of fissions/s §Number and type of production caves § 1+ Ion Sources §Parallel-beams operation 29/08/06 CIME-G 1/G 2 direct beam line M. Lewitowicz 12

LINAG Accelerator & Exp. Area Priorities - Construction of the injector A/q=3 Second injector LINAG Accelerator & Exp. Area Priorities - Construction of the injector A/q=3 Second injector A/q=6 (extension) should be designed as soon as possible 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 13

LINAG Experimental Area n-tof Priority S 3 Interdisciplinary Research Construction of 3 halls and LINAG Experimental Area n-tof Priority S 3 Interdisciplinary Research Construction of 3 halls and at least S 3 hall fully equipped LINAG beam 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 14

RIB production Building Two RIB production caves 1 “red zone” + 1 “yellow zone” RIB production Building Two RIB production caves 1 “red zone” + 1 “yellow zone” Preserve the possibility to deliver in the future two simultaneous RIB for (DESIR & CIME) 1+ Ion Sources Reserve space for an RFQ cooler and HRS (High Resolution Mass Separator) Priorities: Selective ion sources - Surface ionisation Laser (collaborations!) ECR 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 15

Base-line project Summary of priorities § • • • Choice of the HI source Base-line project Summary of priorities § • • • Choice of the HI source and injector for LINAG ü Phoenix V 2 source - for the beginning of operation + development of metallic beams ü Second injector q/A=1/6 should be designed as soon as possible LINAG Experimental Area ü Construction of 3 experimental halls. S 3 hall fully equipped Design goal for number of fiss. /second ü As close as possible to 1014 fiss. /s (safety and building cost limitations) RIB Production Building ü Priority for Selective 1+ Ion Sources (IS, laser, ECR) ü RIB production caves: 1 “red zone” & 1 “yellow zone” ü Preserve a possibility to deliver in the future two simultaneous RIB for (DESIR & CIME) ü Reserve space for the RFQ cooler and HRS (High Resolution Mass Separator) DESIR ü DESIR building included in the SPIRAL 2 buildings construction phase CIME-GI/G 2 Direct beam line ü To be constructed before the SPIRAL 2 buildings Discussed by SC, SAC & TAC 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 16

Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz GANIL Introduction to SPIRAL 2 Design goals of the baseline project Status of the construction Letters of Intent for SPIRAL 2

RFQ prototype CEA / DAPNIA Saclay Vane tip displacements at 20 and 38 k. RFQ prototype CEA / DAPNIA Saclay Vane tip displacements at 20 and 38 k. W displacements are < 60µm, (max. allowed ± 100µm) 20 k. W 38 k. W

SC Cavities CEA/DSM/DAPNIA: Prototype cavity (beta 0. 07) CNRS - IPN Orsay: Prototype cavity SC Cavities CEA/DSM/DAPNIA: Prototype cavity (beta 0. 07) CNRS - IPN Orsay: Prototype cavity (beta 0. 12)

The Driver Accelerator construction has started … Injector (LEBT lines) Review 06/09/06 Injector (RFQ) The Driver Accelerator construction has started … Injector (LEBT lines) Review 06/09/06 Injector (RFQ) Review 17/10/06 Preparation of Contracts Dipoles & Q-poles 2006 / 2007 SC Linac (RF Amplifiers) (Two qualifying Amplifiers 10 20 KW) Contract Dec/Jan. 2007 Call for tenders Sept/Oct 2006 Contract Nov. 2006 QWR A : Announcement 1 st Qr 2007 Call for tenders 2007 Contract 2007 QWR B : Announcement Sept. 2006 SC Linac (QWR A+B) Review 25 -26/09/06 Call for tenders Oct/Nov 2006 Announcement July 2006 SC Linac (Niobium) Announcement Sept 2006 Call for tenders Sept/Oct 2006 Contract Nov. 2006 Announcement May 2006 Call for Tenders July/Sept 2006 Contract Oct. 2006

Production Modules (d->n converter + UCx target + ion source systems) Recent solution proposed Production Modules (d->n converter + UCx target + ion source systems) Recent solution proposed by Thales Target & ion source Ganil design Recent design (under study) Ganil design

Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz GANIL Introduction to SPIRAL 2 Design goals of the baseline project Status of the construction Letters of Intent for SPIRAL 2

SPIRAL 2 - Letters of intent (Lo. I) Towards new detectors for SPIRAL 2 SPIRAL 2 - Letters of intent (Lo. I) Towards new detectors for SPIRAL 2 Procedure and schedule: 1. Call for Lo. I - May 26 th 2006 (just after the SP 2 SAC meeting on May 17, 2006) 2. Dead-line for Lo. I: October 2 nd, 2006 3. Evaluation of Lo. I by SAC - October 19&20 th 2006 § Results of the evaluation will be communicated to the proponents by the beginning of November 2006. 4. Call for proposals launched in 2007 5. Signature of Mo. U by collaborations proposing the construction of new equipment in 2007 -2008 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 23

SPIRAL 2 - Letters of intent (Lo. I) Resume SPIRAL 2 Letters of Intent SPIRAL 2 - Letters of intent (Lo. I) Resume SPIRAL 2 Letters of Intent in numbers: ü 19 Lo. Is submitted ü 25 oral presentations of the Lo. Is at the Open session of SAC on October 19 th 2006 ü Lo. Is signed by 595 physicists (without double counting) (190 from France, 492 from Nu. PECC member countries) from 34 countries ü Spokespersons: 50% France, 50% foreigners ü Written documents of in total 341 pages 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 24

List of Lo. I for SPIRAL 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. List of Lo. I for SPIRAL 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ・ ・ ・ 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Hirsh) 13. Péru) 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 29/08/06 19. The DESIR facility (Decay, Excitation and Storage of Radioactive Ions) (B. Blank) Main Collaborations: Decay properties of neutron-rich nuclei (Yu. Penionzhkevich, F. Ibrahim) S 3: The Super Separator Spectrometer for LINAG Beams (A. Villari, A. Drouart, J. Nolen) From actinides to super-heavy elements with SPIRAL 2: reaction dynamics and structure (Paul Greenlees) DESIR Fusion reactions: A probe of multidimensional tunnelling (A. Navin, R. Raabe, A. Shrivastava) S 3 Nucleon correlations probed via multiple particle transfer and their influence on sub-barrier fusion (L. Corradi) High-resolution Gamma-ray Spectroscopy at SPIRAL 2 (AGATA-EXOGAM II) (W. Korten, B. Wadsworth) AGATA & EXOGAM 2 Proton drip-line studies and N=Z nuclei (D. Rudolph) Neutron-rich nuclei (A. Gadea) Nuclear shapes and high-spin spectroscopy (A. Görgen) Collective modes in the continuum (S. Leoni) Nuclear electromagnetic moments (G. Georgiev) Spectroscopy of the heaviest elements (P. Greenlees) -ray Calorimeter GASPARD n-tof FAZIA High-energy -rays as a probe of hot nuclei and reaction mechanisms (J. A. Scarpaci, A. Maj, D. Jenkins) Studying the r process nucleosynthesis with direct reactions (O. Sorlin, K. L. Kratz) α-capture reactions in inverse kinematics relevant to stellar nucleosynthesis (S. Harissopulos F. De Oliveira) Production of radioactive samples for astrophysical interest by (n, p), (n, 3 He), (n, a) reactions (F. Hammache, M. Heil) Production targets of light radioisotopes for nuclear astrophysics and basic nuclear science studies (M. Hass, D. Berkovits, T. Y. Improving effective forces, mean field based methods, and predictions: dedicated measurements (M. Bender, K. Bennaceur, S. Direct Reaction Studies of Exotic Nuclear Structure (GASPARD) (D. Beaumel, R. Lemmon, I. Martel ) Direct and Resonant Reactions with an Active Target (M. Chartier, D. Cortina, P. Roussel-Chomaz ) Unbound states of neutron-rich isotopes via direct reactions (V. Lapoux) Neutrons For Science (X. Ledoux) Dynamics & Thermodynamics of exotic nuclear systems (F. Gulminelli, G. Poggi, G. Verde) M. Lewitowicz Isospin non-conservation in nuclear states and its implication for the physics beyond the Standard Model (N. Smirnova) 25

SPIRAL 2 Scientific Community Organisation Steering Committee Project management - Project Leader - Scientific SPIRAL 2 Scientific Community Organisation Steering Committee Project management - Project Leader - Scientific Coordinator. . SPIRAL 2 France Phys. SPIRAL 2 Scientific Coordinators in the IN 2 P 3 & CEA Labs 29/08/06 SPIRAL 2 Scientific Advisory Committee Int. Collaborations SP 2 -DESIR -S 3 -GASPARD -… Existing International Collaborations - NUSTAR - AGATA - EXOGAM - EURONS - EURISOL - FAZIA -… M. Lewitowicz Coordination Committee SP 2 -NUSTAR WG -Electr. & DAQ -Calorimeter -Tracking detectors -Neutron detectors ? -… 26

SPIRAL 2 on the ESFRI list w Brussels, 19 October 2006 § European Research SPIRAL 2 on the ESFRI list w Brussels, 19 October 2006 § European Research Infrastructures – 35 projects identified • The ESFRI roadmap (see IP/06/1431) identifies 35 large-scale infrastructure projects at various stages of development. This Memo gives brief details of the projects concerned. The full text of the roadmap, which contains longer descriptions of the projects can be found at: http: //cordis. europa. eu/esfri/home. html • …Isotope beams with SPIRAL 2 The project aims at delivering rare (radioactive) isotope beams with intensities not yet available with present machines. SPIRAL 2 will reinforce European leadership in the field of nuclear physics based on exotic nuclei. 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 27

Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz Status of SPIRAL 2 Nu. PECC meeting Bordeaux October 28 th 2006 Marek Lewitowicz GANIL Introduction to SPIRAL 2 Design goals of the baseline project Status of the construction Letters of Intent for SPIRAL 2

Lo. I SPIRAL 2 - Participants 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 29 Lo. I SPIRAL 2 - Participants 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 29

Choice of the HI source and injector Priorities 1. Phoenix V 2 source - Choice of the HI source and injector Priorities 1. Phoenix V 2 source - for the beginning of operation + development of metallic beams 2. In 2 -3 years a choice of the best nextgeneration HI source (extension) 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 30

DESIR, RFQ Cooler & HRS DESIR Facility for experiments with low energy RIBs Spectroscopy DESIR, RFQ Cooler & HRS DESIR Facility for experiments with low energy RIBs Spectroscopy of trapped beams Priorities: Laser Spectroscopy DESIR building included in the SPIRAL 2 building design phase Decay studies Cooling/Bunching Fundamental Interactions Other purposes DESIR building and equipment as well as RFQ et HRS to be financed by international collaborations (not included in the current construction budget) 1500 m 2 29/08/06 M. Lewitowicz 31

Production Modules d->n Converter -> vertical wheel Bearings under study, to reduce friction Several Production Modules d->n Converter -> vertical wheel Bearings under study, to reduce friction Several solutions to be tested Oven -> measurements with a Tantalum oven and a Carbon target at 1500°C Next measurements at 2000°C before the end of this year IPNOrsay-Ganil UCx target: calculation to reduce the size and weight of UCx Solutions for the waste management under study