Скачать презентацию Sprayer Economics Gary Schnitkey schnitke uiuc edu University of Скачать презентацию Sprayer Economics Gary Schnitkey schnitke uiuc edu University of

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Sprayer Economics Gary Schnitkey schnitke@uiuc. edu University of Illinois Sprayer Economics Gary Schnitkey [email protected] edu University of Illinois

Outline • Estimate costs of per acre sprayer operations for inclusion on farmdoc • Outline • Estimate costs of per acre sprayer operations for inclusion on farmdoc • Evaluate for four situations www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

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Custom Rate Surveys Type Avg. Iowa, 2005 Tractor 4. 95 Self propelled 5. 05 Custom Rate Surveys Type Avg. Iowa, 2005 Tractor 4. 95 Self propelled 5. 05 Airplane 5. 80 Purdue, 2004 Tractor 4. 81 Highboy 5. 44 Airplane 6. 22 Range (3. 50 – 8. 50) (3. 50 – 8. 00) (5. 00 – 6. 75) (3. 32 – 6. 29) (3. 77 – 7. 12) (4. 30 – 8. 14) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Situations Evaluated 1. Pull-type, well-equipped, 90 ft boom 2. Pull-type, economical, 40 ft boom Situations Evaluated 1. Pull-type, well-equipped, 90 ft boom 2. Pull-type, economical, 40 ft boom 3. Self-propelled, High boy, 90 ft boom 4. Self-propelled, Coupe, 60 ft boom www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Tendering Costs $50 per hour for truck and labor Acre/hr Cost/acre 1. 2. 3. Tendering Costs $50 per hour for truck and labor Acre/hr Cost/acre 1. 2. 3. 4. Pull-type, well equip Pull-type, economical Self-prop, high crop Self-Prop, coupe 50 23 50 41 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu $1. 00 2. 17 1. 00 1. 21

Pull-Type Sprayer Well Equipped • • $25, 000 purchase price 90 ft boom Hold Pull-Type Sprayer Well Equipped • • $25, 000 purchase price 90 ft boom Hold 10 years (sell for $5, 200) $1. 50 fuel price, 7% interest rate, $13. 50 labor price • Covers about 50 acres per hour www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Acres per Hour Speed x feet per mile x boom width ÷ area per Acres per Hour Speed x feet per mile x boom width ÷ area per acre The. capacity x field efficiency Acres covered 8 miles per hr. 5, 280 feet 90 feet 43, 560 square feet 87 acres 60% 52 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Tractors Charges (155 HP) Based on Per Hour Costs Per Year Per Hour Depreciation Tractors Charges (155 HP) Based on Per Hour Costs Per Year Per Hour Depreciation $4, 867 $16. 22 Interest 3, 714 12. 38 Housing 531 1. 77 Repair 627 2. 09 Fuel and Lub 3, 362 11. 20 Labor 4, 455 14. 85 Total 17, 555 $58. 51 From Machinery Cost Estimates on farmdoc www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Per Hour Tractor Cost by HP www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Per Hour Tractor Cost by HP www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Pull Type Sprayer (4, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins + Pull Type Sprayer (4, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins + House Fuel Labor Total Sprayer. 50. 21. 04 . 96 Tractor. 31. 24. 03. 21. 28 1. 11 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Total. 81. 45. 25. 07. 21. 28 2. 07

Per Acre Costs for Different Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, 000 Per Acre Costs for Different Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, 000 5, 000 Cost $4. 23 2. 77 2. 30 2. 07 1. 94 Holds tractor hour costs constant **No tendering costs ($1. 00 per acre) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Pull Type Sprayer Economical • • • $14, 000 purchase price 40 foot boom Pull Type Sprayer Economical • • • $14, 000 purchase price 40 foot boom Hold 10 years ($0 salvage value) 105 HP tractor 23 acres per hour (60% field efficiency) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Per Acre Costs for Different Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, 000 Per Acre Costs for Different Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, 000 5, 000 Cost $4. 19 3. 22 2. 90 2. 76 2. 69 Holds tractor hour costs constant Do not include tendering costs ($2. 17) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Pull Type Sprayers, Per Acre Costs Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, Pull Type Sprayers, Per Acre Costs Acres 1, 000 2, 000 3, 000 4, 000 5, 000 90 ft. $4. 23 2. 77 2. 30 2. 07 1. 94 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu 40 ft. 4. 19 3. 22 2. 90 2. 76 2. 69

Why not much difference? • Tractor cost spread over fewer acre • 90 foot Why not much difference? • Tractor cost spread over fewer acre • 90 foot boom (155 HP) – $58. 51/ 50 acres = $1. 17 per acre • 40 foot boom (105 HP) – $44. 13 / 23 acres = $1. 92 per acre www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Self Propelled Sprayer High Crop • • • $192, 000 purchase price 90 foot Self Propelled Sprayer High Crop • • • $192, 000 purchase price 90 foot boom High boy Hold for 10 years ($40, 000 value) 50 acres per hour (60% field efficiency) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Salvage Value • • Work from Kansas State http: //www. agmanager. info/ Kastens and Salvage Value • • Work from Kansas State http: //www. agmanager. info/ Kastens and Dhuyvetter Developed Own. Spray. xls to estimate costs of self-propelled machines • Salvage values: – Drop 15% for each year – Drop 1% for each 100 hours www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Self Propelled, High Boy (10, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins Self Propelled, High Boy (10, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins + House Fuel Labor Total 15, 213 6, 511 4, 000 1, 160 2, 484 2, 224 31, 920 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Per Acre 1. 52. 65. 40. 12. 23. 24 3. 16

Per Acre Costs for Different Acres High Boy ** Acres 5, 000 7, 500 Per Acre Costs for Different Acres High Boy ** Acres 5, 000 7, 500 10, 000 12, 500 15, 000 Cost $5. 45 3. 92 3. 16 2. 70 2. 39 ** No tendering costs ($1. 00) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Self Propelled Sprayer Spray Coupe • • • $91, 000 purchase price 60 foot Self Propelled Sprayer Spray Coupe • • • $91, 000 purchase price 60 foot boom No tall crop ability Hold for 10 years ($19, 000 value) 41 acres per hour (60% field efficiency) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Self Propelled (10, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins + House Self Propelled (10, 000 acres) Costs per Acre Depreciation Interest Repairs Ins + House Fuel Labor Total 7, 207 3, 084 4, 000 550 1, 743 3, 582 20, 166 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Per Acre. 72. 31. 40. 06. 17. 36 2. 02

Per Acre Costs for Different Acres Spray Coupe Acres 5, 000 7, 500 10, Per Acre Costs for Different Acres Spray Coupe Acres 5, 000 7, 500 10, 000 12, 500 15, 000 Cost $3. 10 2. 37 2. 02 1. 80 1. 66 ** No tendering costs ($1. 21) www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Self Propelled Sprayers, Per Acre Costs Acres 5, 000 7, 500 10, 000 12, Self Propelled Sprayers, Per Acre Costs Acres 5, 000 7, 500 10, 000 12, 500 15, 000 High crop $5. 42 3. 92 3. 16 2. 70 2. 39 www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Coupe $3. 10 2. 37 2. 02 1. 80 1. 66

Why difference? • Difference due to initial costs of machine www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu Why difference? • Difference due to initial costs of machine www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu

Summary • Must run over sufficient acres to get costs approaching custom rates. • Summary • Must run over sufficient acres to get costs approaching custom rates. • Some instances of cost savings. • Additional reasons justifying ownership from other than cost savings perspective www. farmdoc. uiuc. edu