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SPACE SITUATIONAL AWARENESS → PRECURSOR PROGRAMME CO-VIII & DC-II Industry Day SPACE SITUATIONAL AWARENESS → PRECURSOR PROGRAMME CO-VIII & DC-II Industry Day

OUTLINE - The SSA Precursor Programme - Precursor Services Objectives - Past and Present OUTLINE - The SSA Precursor Programme - Precursor Services Objectives - Past and Present Activities - Link between CO-VIII and DC-II - CO-VIII ITT - Content - Objectives Key issues Questions and Answers Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 2 European Space Agency

BACKGROUND Image: Dan Durda – FIAAA Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA BACKGROUND Image: Dan Durda – FIAAA Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 3 European Space Agency

INTRODUCTION Current Objectives 2009 – 2012 • Preparatory Programme – Governance Definition – Data INTRODUCTION Current Objectives 2009 – 2012 • Preparatory Programme – Governance Definition – Data Policy – Architecture – Federation – Precursor Services – Radar Breadboard – Pilot Data Centres 2013 – 2020 • Development/ Operational Phase – Development of essential components – SSA Exploitation Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 4 European Space Agency

INTRODUCTION SSA Programme Structure 1. Core Element SSA Architecture Governance Data Policy Security Space INTRODUCTION SSA Programme Structure 1. Core Element SSA Architecture Governance Data Policy Security Space Surveillance and Tracking Segment 2. Space Weather Element (including NEO activities) 3. Radar Element Prototype Development 4. Pilot Data Element Transversal support for all segments Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 5 European Space Agency

INTRODUCTION SSA Participating States • Austria • Belgium • Finland • France • Germany INTRODUCTION SSA Participating States • Austria • Belgium • Finland • France • Germany • Greece • Italy • Luxembourg • Norway • Portugal • Spain • Switzerland • United Kingdom Canada (in discussion) Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 6 European Space Agency

INTRODUCTION SSA Programme Structure Tasking Centre SST Space Surveillance & Tracking Centre NEO Near INTRODUCTION SSA Programme Structure Tasking Centre SST Space Surveillance & Tracking Centre NEO Near Earth Objects Centre Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 7 SWE Space Weather Centre European Space Agency

DC-II ITT Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII DC-II ITT Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 8 European Space Agency

SST PRECURSOR SERVICE OBJECTIVES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day SST PRECURSOR SERVICE OBJECTIVES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 9 European Space Agency

OVERALL SYSTEM Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII OVERALL SYSTEM Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 10 European Space Agency

SST PRECURSOR SERVICES GOAL SSA Preparatory Programme parallel stream goal is to be able SST PRECURSOR SERVICES GOAL SSA Preparatory Programme parallel stream goal is to be able to perform representative testing of proposed solutions through precursor services: – Scaleable solutions – Representative of full systems – Provide measurable results with reduced data set – Characterise current European resources – Enable evaluation of performance using of available European assets – Provide test-bed for innovative solutions Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 11 European Space Agency

PRECURSOR SERVICES Operators Expected User Community General public Science specialists State authorities Data policy PRECURSOR SERVICES Operators Expected User Community General public Science specialists State authorities Data policy control filters Products Warning bulletins Search and Attitude initialisation motion Warning Orbits and TIP Debris Mass, bulletins covariances messages detections area 6. Mission Support Segment Cervices 2. Collision Avoidance 7. Small objects 3. Fragmentations Orbits and covariances Man- Internat. ID, euvers classification 4. Re-entry predictions 1. Catalogue of man made objects Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 12 Maneu vers 5. Mission characterisation Orbits and covariances European Space Agency

SST PRECURSOR SERVICES SELECTION • Catalogue of Man-Made Objects • Core of the SST SST PRECURSOR SERVICES SELECTION • Catalogue of Man-Made Objects • Core of the SST service • Provides one additional service directly through the correlation process • Collision Avoidance • Drives the precision requirements for the catalogue • Drives the coverage requirements for the sensor network • Drives both surveillance and tracking systems • Re-entry Prediction • Requires active filtering of the catalogue to produce sub-set of target objects • Will drive some limiting needs of a tracking system • Introduces new disciplines into the SST segment • Fragmentation Detection • Initiated by correlation process in catalogue maintenance • Requires rapid tasking, recalculation and prediction to support other services Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 13 European Space Agency

PAST AND PRESENT ACTIVITIES Image: Dan Durda – FIAAA Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor PAST AND PRESENT ACTIVITIES Image: Dan Durda – FIAAA Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 14 European Space Agency

PAST ACTIVITIES CO-I part I Optical System to complement traditional radar sensors Catalogue/Collision avoidance PAST ACTIVITIES CO-I part I Optical System to complement traditional radar sensors Catalogue/Collision avoidance requirement driven NEO component Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 15 European Space Agency

CURRENT ACTIVITIES CO-I part II Overall requirements and architecture Provides definition to the service CURRENT ACTIVITIES CO-I part II Overall requirements and architecture Provides definition to the service requirements CO-V Telescope analysis and design CO-VI SST Precursor Services Deployment Install current ESA conjunction prediction tool (CRASS) Create web-based front-end to CRASS Develop data model for SST Characterise current European SST assets Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 16 European Space Agency

CO-VIII and DC-II LINKAGE Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day CO-VIII and DC-II LINKAGE Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 17 European Space Agency

LINK BETWEEN CO-VIII and DC-II Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry LINK BETWEEN CO-VIII and DC-II Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 18 European Space Agency

CO-VIII OBJECTIVES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII CO-VIII OBJECTIVES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 19 European Space Agency

CO-VIII OBJECTIVES – Create future collision avoidance framework – Provide re-entry service baseline – CO-VIII OBJECTIVES – Create future collision avoidance framework – Provide re-entry service baseline – Generate representative data for test and validation exercises Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 20 European Space Agency

CONJUNCTION PREDICTION • Provide core conjunction prediction • Develop future baseline code for development CONJUNCTION PREDICTION • Provide core conjunction prediction • Develop future baseline code for development • Expand upon earlier capabilities – Interface with an SQL database (input and output) – Perform all-on-all conjunction analysis • Retain single-object/catalogue capability – Allow parallel processing on large datasets – Automated input/output – Interface with current web-based front-end Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 21 European Space Agency

RE-ENTRY PREDICTION • New precursor service • Predict uncontrolled re-entries • Use SQL database RE-ENTRY PREDICTION • New precursor service • Predict uncontrolled re-entries • Use SQL database for data source • Provide multiple outputs: – Number of candidate objects – Impact ellipsoid plot • Automatic input/output • Interface with web-based front-end Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 22 European Space Agency

TEST AND VALIDATION DATA GENERATION • Real data required to: – DC-II [test SST TEST AND VALIDATION DATA GENERATION • Real data required to: – DC-II [test SST process pipeline] • Track management • Orbit determination • Correlation – CO-VIII [conjunction prediction & re-entry prediction] • Conjunction algorithms • Possible filtering techniques • Re-entry coordination • Two classes – Surveillance data – Tracking data • Two tasks – Data planning – Data execution Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 23 European Space Agency

WORK PACKAGE ORGANISATION • WP-1 Conjunction Prediction System – WP-1. 1 Conjunction Prediction System WORK PACKAGE ORGANISATION • WP-1 Conjunction Prediction System – WP-1. 1 Conjunction Prediction System Design – WP-1. 2 Conjunction Prediction System Implementation – WP-1. 3 Conjunction Prediction System Deployment – WP-1. 4 Conjunction Prediction System Maintenance • WP-2 Re-entry Prediction System – WP-2. 1 Re-entry Prediction System Design – WP-2. 2 Re-entry Prediction System Implementation – WP-2. 3 Re-entry Prediction System Deployment – WP-2. 4 Re-entry Prediction System Maintenance • WP-3 Test and Validation Data Generation – WP-3. 1 Test and Validation Data Requirements Planning – WP-3. 2 Test and Validation Data Acquisition Management Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 24 European Space Agency

WORK PACKAGES Work Package Function Design Conjunction Prediction Re-entry Prediction Test and Validation Data WORK PACKAGES Work Package Function Design Conjunction Prediction Re-entry Prediction Test and Validation Data Generation 1. 1 2. 1 3. 1 Requirements Planning Implementation 1. 2 2. 2 3. 2 Data Acquisition Management Deployment 1. 3 2. 3 Maintenance 1. 4 2. 4 Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 25 European Space Agency

WORK PACKAGES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII WORK PACKAGES Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 26 European Space Agency

CO-VIII: OPTIONS • As with DC-II, bidders are asked to provide an offer for CO-VIII: OPTIONS • As with DC-II, bidders are asked to provide an offer for the annual maintenance of the systems for at least three years after the end of the contract • The option will not be valid until the end of the contract; ESA unlikely to take this option until FAT completion (at earliest). Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 27 European Space Agency

CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: IPR AND SW REUSE • As with DC-II: • “SSA needs CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: IPR AND SW REUSE • As with DC-II: • “SSA needs to own the IPR of all non-COTS software that it will eventually operate. This is needed to allow SSA to license the SW in future contracts (development, maintenance, and operations) and eventually transfer the SSA system to a third party for operations. ” • As a result: – All software developed will be considered as “operational software” in the contract – “When offers are based on re-using software where ESA does not already own the IPR, the bidders are expected to transfer to ESA the IPR in the form of a written agreement at no cost or provide - as an option - the cost of transferring the IPR for these systems to ESA for use in SSA. ” Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 28 European Space Agency

CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: IPR AND SW REUSE • The right to exercise the transfer CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: IPR AND SW REUSE • The right to exercise the transfer of IPR options need to be valid for at least 3 years from KO. • These IPR transfer option costs (if any) will not be considered within the ITT envelope but must be quoted. • ESA is unlikely to take the IPR options at KO; instead this will be a decision taken later based on the success of the development and the likelihood to use it a basis for the full programme implementation. • Any IPR offered to ESA shall be subject to “due diligence” procedures from ESA before the transfer can be completed. • Any IPR transfer to ESA does not exclude the bidder from continuing to use the offered software. ESA will normally grant the bidder a licence. • In all cases (with or without IPR transfer) the bidder needs to provide a license to ESA for the indefinite continued use of the software. The ESA draft contract attached to the ITT will specify the complete terms and conditions with regard to Operational Software and reuse of existing/third party products. Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 29 European Space Agency

CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: ESA CFI • SST Pilot Data Centre site infrastructure (ESAC) • CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: ESA CFI • SST Pilot Data Centre site infrastructure (ESAC) • SST Test and Validation Centre site infrastructure (ESAC) • SST Pilot Data Centre ICT infrastructure (ESAC) • SST Test and Validation Centre (ESAC) ICT infrastructure • Outputs from on-going precursor implementation activities (e. g. CO-VI) when relevant Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 30 European Space Agency

CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: NON CFI • development infrastructure; • Contractor needs to provide a CO-VIII KEY ISSUES: NON CFI • development infrastructure; • Contractor needs to provide a “representative” environment • COTS linked to bidders software re-use • algorithm specifications • test data • initial object catalogue Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 31 European Space Agency

Ariane 5 V 198 Launch (Hylas-1 & Intelsat-17) 16 th November 2010 QUESTIONS? Emmet Ariane 5 V 198 Launch (Hylas-1 & Intelsat-17) 16 th November 2010 QUESTIONS? Emmet Fletcher | SSA Precursor Programme | SSA Industry Day | CO-VIII & DC-II Page: 32 European Space Agency