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Social Studies 20 -2 Chapter 11 Internationalism and Nationalism
Key Terms l Responsibility to protect l Common human heritage l Trickle-down effect
Chapter Issue l The issue at the center of this chapter is whether or not promoting internationalism affect nationalism at all. l Please read page 245 aloud l Complete the Handout: “Anticipation Guide”
How has changing world conditions promoted internationalism? l Read the opening paragraphs page 246 l Challenges that effect one country can now quickly move to other countries l Disease l Information l Terrorism l Transportation
Global Village l l Read the remainder of page 246, and 247 The invention of the Internet, satellite, communications, cellphones and all other forms of communication people use today show the effect of the information revolution Removing barriers to human communication means that people can now relate to each other on a global scale Ex: Facebook
Voluntary Balkanization l l l Read page 248 Globalization some argue causes people to withdraw from ordinary society and connect only with likeminded people As a result people become less willing to trust those with values different from their own This means they are building new barriers Ex: Wine tasters, Trekkies, militia groups – use the internet to find like minded people – can polarize their opinion or lead to a call-toarms This is called ‘BALKANIZATION’ – the separation of people into isolated, hostile groups
How has the United Nations Affected Nationalism? Read the opening paragraph page 249 l UN is not internationally applauded for its international efforts l Failure to stop the violence in Yugoslavia and Rwanda, as well as changing world conditions has led people to question the effectiveness of the UN l
Changing Direction of the UN l l Read the lower half of page 249 There has been a recent recommendation for the UN to relax its tradition of staying out of international conflicts and conflicts that occur within a country UN has a Responsibility to Protect people when their own countries can not This protection could take various forms: l Humanitarian aid l Diplomatic missions l Military force
Iran Challenges the UN l l l l l Read page 250 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty – meant to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons Iran signed the Treaty in 1968 The IAEA ( International Atomic Energy Agency ) observes countries for compliance In 2003 – Iran found to be enriching uranium for nuclear power and weapons IAEA called on Iran to stop – they refused Iran claimed they were pursuing national interests and should be allowed to continue Iran had previously called for the destruction of Israel and denied the holocaust and threatened the United States UN doesn’t know what to do?
Year in Review: 2010
Protecting the Common Human Heritage Read page 251 In 1945 the UN created UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) promotes international cooperation in the fields of education, science, culture, and communication l UNESCO works to create respect for the value and dignity of all civilizations and culture l UNESCO promotes common heritage for all – world heritage sites, traditional skills and knowledge, and the arts l l
World Heritage sites in Canada l l l l Read page 252 Dinosaur Provincial Park – Alberta Head-Smashed in Buffalo Jump – Alberta Old Quebec – Quebec Walton-Glacier International Peace Park – BC Old Town of Luneburg – Nova Scotia Complete Handout 3. 11. 3 “Picturing World Heritage Sites in Canada”
Threats to Common Human Heritage l Damming of rivers can flood sites l Growth of urbanization l Changing in government and their ideas l Needs and Wants of countries l Example- Taliban destroying largest standing Buddha's in the world, because they were an insult to their religion.
How have various International Organizations Affected Nationalism? l Read the opening paragraph page 255 l Trade, safer, and faster transportation, and improved communication – shape the growth of internationalism l Each of these forces increases contact among countries at both governmental and non-governmental levels
Economic Organizations Read page 255 l When trade everywhere increases, everyone benefits – this idea strongly influenced many recent international trade agreements l People who support this believe that when the economies of developed countries become stronger and richer, a trickle down effect is created – when people in developed countries have more money they will spend it on goods and services produced in less developed countries – everyone benefits l
World Trade Organization l l l l Read page 256 Is responsible for setting out and enforcing rules of trade around the world. In 2008 – 150 members Some believe that the WTO threatens the ability of countries to pursue their national interests Members join voluntarily WTO can enforce their rules – through economic sanctions This gives the WTO power to override decisions made by national governments Some believe that Multi-national corporations are using the WTO to grab power and make more money
Views on the World Trade Organization l Read page 257 and complete Handout 3. 11. 5 “Views on the World Trade Organization”
The European Union l l l l Read page 258 After years of negotiating, the EU became an official supranational organization in 1993 Main job is to promote peace, security and justice. Work has been done to create the worlds largest freetrade zones= no trade barriers/restrictions between member countries Most EU members have agreed to measures that open their national borders to trade and migration. Debate centers around an EU constitution This constitution says that once an EU agreement has been signed, a country cannot pass an international law that violates it.
Cultural and Language-Based Organizations l Read pages 259 -261 l International Indigenous People’s Organizations l Focused on the rights of Indigenous people l Helped develop the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
l Arctic Council l l Representatives from 8 arctic countries Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United States, Russia Ways to protect the fragile Arctic environment Focus on pollution, biodiversity, sustainability, emergency preparedness, living conditions, climate change
l La Francophonie Organization of countries whose official language if French l Not just countries can join l Coordinate efforts to promote democracy, support education, encourage sustainability development and the promotion of the French language l
International Security Organizations l Alliances to ensure their security l NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization l Warsaw Pact – Communist Alliance l NORAD – North American Aerospace Defence Command
Chapter 11 Quiz l Don’t stress out!