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Slovenia Industrial Symbiosis and its role in increased resource efficiency James Woodcock International Manager Slovenia Industrial Symbiosis and its role in increased resource efficiency James Woodcock International Manager International Synergies Limited 16 th April 2014 Brdo pri Kranju, Slovenia © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Presentation Agenda • International Synergies Limited • What is Industrial Symbiosis? • Models of Presentation Agenda • International Synergies Limited • What is Industrial Symbiosis? • Models of delivery • NISP® delivery and achievements (UK) • European and global impact • Case study examples © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

1. International Synergies Ltd 1. International Synergies Ltd "Striving to lead the world in innovative industrial ecology solutions for a low carbon, sustainable economy" © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Introducing International Synergies • Birmingham-based SME • Offices in Birmingham, Brussels and Belfast • Introducing International Synergies • Birmingham-based SME • Offices in Birmingham, Brussels and Belfast • Specialists in Industrial Ecology Solutions (World leader in industrial symbiosis) • Clients from public and private sector and institutions • Experience in Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America • Famous for NISP® (URS, WSP, SKM, Clemence, Link 2 Energy subcon) © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

2. What is Industrial Symbiosis? © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 2. What is Industrial Symbiosis? © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Symbiosis Definition: ‘An interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association to Symbiosis Definition: ‘An interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association to the advantage of both’ Concise Oxford Dictionary, 8 th Edition © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

What is Industrial Symbiosis? • Numerous academic definitions. . . In essence: • Industrial What is Industrial Symbiosis? • Numerous academic definitions. . . In essence: • Industrial symbiosis is a systems approach to a more sustainable and integrated industrial economy that identifies business opportunities to improve resource utilisation (materials, energy, water, capacity, expertise, assets etc) Source: Lombardi and Laybourn (2012) Journal of Industrial Ecology 16(1) © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Industrial Symbiosis Advances Sustainability Transition towards a circular system Linear system Natural Resources Products Industrial Symbiosis Advances Sustainability Transition towards a circular system Linear system Natural Resources Products Natural Resources Waste to Waste Products Resource Natural Resources • Change the perception of industries • Enhancing business benefits and opportunities • Increase environmental benefits © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Industrial Symbiosis & The Waste Hierarchy IS works to keep resources in the top Industrial Symbiosis & The Waste Hierarchy IS works to keep resources in the top 3 levels of the Waste Hierarchy “The higher the level, the greater the cost saving” © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

3. Models of delivery © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 3. Models of delivery © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Drivers for Industrial Symbiosis • • • Volatility of resource pricing Mc. Kinsey report, Drivers for Industrial Symbiosis • • • Volatility of resource pricing Mc. Kinsey report, Resource Revolution At risk critical raw materials Rising awareness of sustainability issues Carbon Trading to include Scope 3 embedded emissions Climate Change Mitigation Imperative for practical approaches to create growth © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Economic impact of Industrial Symbiosis • Micro: Individual businesses – • Reduced cost of Economic impact of Industrial Symbiosis • Micro: Individual businesses – • Reduced cost of raw materials • Reduced cost of waste disposal • Revenue from new products • Leading to increased profits and competitiveness • Macro: Economy – • Return on investment for Government • Stimulates (eco-) innovation • Control of critical materials © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

2013 Global Green Growth Forum Public Private Partnerships Public Sector creates the context to 2013 Global Green Growth Forum Public Private Partnerships Public Sector creates the context to enable IS • Regulation • Investment • Address externalities (e. g. price of carbon, water) Private Sector actions the synergies for green growth • Technologies • Resources © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 • Demand-pull eco-innovation • Investment

Elements of Industrial Symbiosis • Network of diverse organisations • Fostering eco-innovation and long-term Elements of Industrial Symbiosis • Network of diverse organisations • Fostering eco-innovation and long-term culture change • Yielding profitable transactions in: − Novel sourcing of inputs − Value-added destinations for non-product outputs − Improved business and technical processes Lombardi & Laybourn, 2012, Journal of Industrial Ecology 16(1): 28 -37 © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Models of Industrial Symbiosis Differ in. . . • • • Lifetime/Duration Driver/Initial impulse Models of Industrial Symbiosis Differ in. . . • • • Lifetime/Duration Driver/Initial impulse Role of facilitation Scale Funding mechanism But share. . . • Economic, environmental and social benefits • Cross-sector engagement © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Models of Industrial Symbiosis Funding mechanisms • • • Public investment – large scale, Models of Industrial Symbiosis Funding mechanisms • • • Public investment – large scale, inclusive Industrial Association – smaller scale, may be sector specific Single private investor – alignment to investor aims Fund manager – Identify investment drivers, economic drivers Managed natural alliance – Geographically based, replication issues Commercial – new thinking required for scale • Level and type of facilitation can differ between and within different models © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

4. NISP® Delivery and Achievements (UK) © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 4. NISP® Delivery and Achievements (UK) © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

International Synergies’ NISP ® (National Industrial Symbiosis Programme) • World’s first national programme (since International Synergies’ NISP ® (National Industrial Symbiosis Programme) • World’s first national programme (since 2005) • 15, 000 business – all sizes, all sectors • Regional practitioner (delivery) teams, nationally co-ordinated • Business-led Advisory Groups • Benefits - Reduced costs, increased revenues, reduced waste to landfill - Job safeguarding and creation - Reduced virgin material, water use CO 2 emissions - Increased innovation • Benefits of national model are substantial © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

UK NISP® delivered Outcomes April 2005 – March 2012 METRICS Landfill diversion CO 2 UK NISP® delivered Outcomes April 2005 – March 2012 METRICS Landfill diversion CO 2 reduction Total benefits if synergies last 1 Total benefits if synergies last 5 years year only* 9 million tonnes 45 million tonnes 8 million tonnes 39 million tonnes Virgin material savings 12 million tonnes 58 million tonnes Hazardous waste eliminated 0. 4 million tonnes 2 million tonnes Water savings 14 million tonnes 71 million tonnes Cost savings € 243 million € 1. 21 billion Additional sales € 234 million € 1. 071 billion 10, 000+ ? ? ? € 374 million ? ? ? Jobs Private investment € 40 million investment since 2005 *all outputs independently verified © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 Rate Euro £ 1 = € 1. 18

Demonstrated value for money Unit Benefit Realised In Year Spend Lifetime Spend € 1 Demonstrated value for money Unit Benefit Realised In Year Spend Lifetime Spend € 1 new income generated for industry 2 cents 5 cents € 1 saved by UK industry 2 cents 5 cents 1 tonne of virgin material saved 48 cents 10 cents 1 tonne of water saved 40 cents 8 cents 1 tonne of CO 2 reduced 73 cents 15 cents 1 tonne of waste diverted from landfill 64 cents 13 cents 1 tonne of hazardous waste eliminated € 13. 74 € 2. 74 © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

NISP® UK at its height © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 NISP® UK at its height © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

International Synergies Limited and NISP®: Recognition from all sectors 2014 Design Circular Economy Session, International Synergies Limited and NISP®: Recognition from all sectors 2014 Design Circular Economy Session, invited speaker, at GLOBE 2014 2013 Chief Executive awarded Edie. net’s Sustainability Leader of the Year Award 2013 International Synergies organises a Public Private Partnership on industrial symbiosis for the Global Green Growth Forum (3 GF) 2013 Worldwatch Institute Europe, Best Practice Business Innovation in a Living Economy features NISP as exemplar 2010 NISP highlighted as 1 of 20 Worldwide Green Game Changing Innovations in a report commissioned by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) 2010 International Synergies received the Environmental Excellence Award for Best Carbon Reduction Programme for NISP 2010 OECD declares Industrial Symbiosis “a la NISP” an “excellent example of systemic innovation vital for future green growth” 2009 British Expertise International Award for implementing Industrial Symbiosis on a Global Scale 2007 NISP is accredited by the European Commission as an Exemplar of Eco. Innovation through its Environmental Technologies Action Plan © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

5. European and Global Impact © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 5. European and Global Impact © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

European Policies Promote Industrial Symbiosis for Green Growth • European Waste Framework Directive - European Policies Promote Industrial Symbiosis for Green Growth • European Waste Framework Directive - Best Practice (2009) • Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe (2011) – exemplar case study • DG Enterprise: Sustainable Industry-Going for Growth & Resource Efficiency (2011) – exemplar case study • DG Regions: Connecting Smart and Sustainable Growth through Smart Specialisation – exemplar case study (2012) • European Resource Efficiency Platform (2013) key recommendation • DG Environment: Priority for industrial policy in (2013) recommendation • DG Enterprise: Communique on Green Entrepreneurship (2013) • Horizon 2020 (2014) included to deliver circular economy – Waste 1 © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

International Synergies’ Global Experience United Kingdom Netherlands Denmark Slovakia Finland Belgium Poland Turkey Canada International Synergies’ Global Experience United Kingdom Netherlands Denmark Slovakia Finland Belgium Poland Turkey Canada South Korea USA Romania Mexico Chile © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 Italy Hungary South Africa China Australia

Focus on Europe Denmark Finland Belgium Slovakia Poland Netherlands United Kingdom Turkey Italy © Focus on Europe Denmark Finland Belgium Slovakia Poland Netherlands United Kingdom Turkey Italy © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 Hungary Romania

International success Outcome Brazil (2009) Romania (2009) 139, 500 China (2010) 1. 4 Million International success Outcome Brazil (2009) Romania (2009) 139, 500 China (2010) 1. 4 Million Landfill Diversion (Tonnes) CO 2 Saving (Tonnes) 87, 400 167, 000 139, 000 Cost savings (RAND) 75. 6 Million 131. 4 Million Additional Sales (RAND) 12. 3 Million 202. 5 Million © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 537, 000

6. Case study examples © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 6. Case study examples © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Fruitful Collaboration Terra Nitrogen: Industry produces derivatives of nitrogen and methanol. § Waste: 12, Fruitful Collaboration Terra Nitrogen: Industry produces derivatives of nitrogen and methanol. § Waste: 12, 500 tonnes of CO 2 released to atmosphere, hot steam and ammonia. John Baarda: Tomato producer § Additional production capacity limited due to high costs of energy Partnership • Elimination of CO 2 emissions • Construction of a greenhouse capable of producing 300, 000 tomatoes per year • Investment of £ 15 M • Creation of 65 new jobs • Recovery of heat from steam © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Eco-innovation in process Recovering Precious Metals from X-Ray films • Challenge: Change to X-ray Eco-innovation in process Recovering Precious Metals from X-Ray films • Challenge: Change to X-ray films made existing process ineffective • Solution: Engage with University innovation providers to change to process • Parties involved: Betts Envirometal, University of Birmingham & International Synergies IS network • CO 2 -eq reduction (24 kt) • Eco-Innovation and Green Growth • Materials security • Regional Economic Development (11 jobs) © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014

Industrial Symbiosis Opportunities: Attracting Inward Investment 1 partner Rejected Loads 2 partners 4 partners Industrial Symbiosis Opportunities: Attracting Inward Investment 1 partner Rejected Loads 2 partners 4 partners Vermiculture Soil Conditioning 7 partners Paper Sludge & Ash Aggregate Production 12 partners Water Paper Co Waste Paper 2 partners Incineration 5 partners Power 1 partner Screening Materials Plastics Organics Construction 5 partners 4 partners © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 4 partners

Specific Regeneration Opportunities based on Local Resources Recovered acids Acids MSW RDF ERF Food Specific Regeneration Opportunities based on Local Resources Recovered acids Acids MSW RDF ERF Food waste © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014 Site 2 - Pyrolysis - Gasification Char Non-recyclable plastics Bottom ash for metal recovery ASR/ash for metal recovery Needs site with industrial buildings - AD with urban farming Site 3 - WEEE repair & metals recovery - Technology incubator - Fuel cell recovery Recovered metals Paper sludge Site 4 - RDF/ERF - Drying facility Non-recyclable Plastics manufacturer - Closed loop bin bags for Birmingham - Plastics innovation Repaired equipment ASR Clean plastics Industrial plastics Site 1 - Acids recovery - Pre- MRF - Plastics washing - Gasification Bin bags WEEE Medical waste Fuel cells

Thank You for Listening. . . James Woodcock International Manager International Synergies Limited t: Thank You for Listening. . . James Woodcock International Manager International Synergies Limited t: +44 (0) 121 433 2660 dl: +44 (0) 121 433 2681 e: james. [email protected] com www. international-synergies. com @peter_laybourn @Intl. Synergies @NISPnetwork © International Synergies Limited Version date 08 April 2014