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Slovakians in Ghent 19 – 01 - 2017 Slovakians in Ghent 19 – 01 - 2017

 Ghent • • • 2 nd largest city >250, 000 inhabitants >160 nationalities Ghent • • • 2 nd largest city >250, 000 inhabitants >160 nationalities ~13, 000 E. U. -citizens Non registered citizens Coalition of socialist, liberal party and green party

Demographics Ghent – EU-citizens Large influx in very short time: pressure on organisations! 9000 Demographics Ghent – EU-citizens Large influx in very short time: pressure on organisations! 9000 Bulgarije 8000 Estland 7000 Hongarij e Kroatië 6000 5000 Letland 4000 Litouwen 3000 Polen 2000 Roemeni ë Slovakije 1000 Slovenië 16 31 . 0 9. 20 15 20 2. . 1 31 31 . 1 2. 20 14 20 13. 1 31 20 2. . 1 31 2. 12 11 31 . 1 2. 20 10 2. . 1 31 20 09 08 2. . 1 31 20 07 06 31 . 1 2. 20 05 20 2. . 1 31 31 . 1 2. 20 04 03 0

Migration Asylum seekers EU-citizens since May 1 st 2004 (Directive 2004/38/EG) 3 x influx Migration Asylum seekers EU-citizens since May 1 st 2004 (Directive 2004/38/EG) 3 x influx (1993, 1999/2000 and after 2004)

 Intra-European Migration Freedom of movement of persons within E. U. ÞSufficient resources! ÞWork Intra-European Migration Freedom of movement of persons within E. U. ÞSufficient resources! ÞWork E. U. -migrants: Looking for a better life Large estimated % of Roma origin

Numbers • Registered Slovakian migrants Belgium 6. 023 Flanders 4. 321 Ghent 1. 810 Numbers • Registered Slovakian migrants Belgium 6. 023 Flanders 4. 321 Ghent 1. 810 * *Family reünification, work, self-employment and regularisation. • Non-registered migrants: only estimation

Origin • 2 nd largest group new E. U. – est. 95% Roma origin Origin • 2 nd largest group new E. U. – est. 95% Roma origin • Originate from Eastern Slovakia (Kosice)

New migrants • Why Ghent? Family/Social networks • Migration characteristic: unprepared (whole – large New migrants • Why Ghent? Family/Social networks • Migration characteristic: unprepared (whole – large – family at once) • Ambition: durable stay • Push: discrimination

Facts and bottlenecks • Housing: squatting (roam from squatted house to another), precarious renting, Facts and bottlenecks • Housing: squatting (roam from squatted house to another), precarious renting, bad housing • Income: charity, temporary jobs (black market), self-employment, debts – Low schooling level – Big gap towards labour market • Health: thresholds: financial, language, administrative, . .

Facts and Bottlenecks • Children – Truancy – On the street • Vicious circle Facts and Bottlenecks • Children – Truancy – On the street • Vicious circle (no papers, no income, no housing) • Very negative image (nuisance)

Self organisations • Community building • Music and sport activities • Information sessions Self organisations • Community building • Music and sport activities • Information sessions

Schooling level (FLEMISCH LABOUR OFFICE) Schooling level (FLEMISCH LABOUR OFFICE)

Work GENT NWWZ 1/12/2016 België LG MG HG Totaal 2. 616 10. 275 4. Work GENT NWWZ 1/12/2016 België LG MG HG Totaal 2. 616 10. 275 4. 498 3. 161 Bulgarije 676 313 30 Slovakije 401 67 Turkije 290 LG MG HG Totaal 44% 31% 25% 100% 1. 019 66% 31% 3% 100% 11 479 84% 14% 2% 100% 104 18 412 70% 25% 4% 100% 70 66 57 193 36% 34% 30% 100% 128 38 18 184 70% 21% 100% Syrië 47 52 50 149 32% 35% 34% 100% Marokko 72 32 9 113 64% 28% 8% 100% Polen 38 42 32 112 34% 38% 29% 100% Ghana 53 39 11 103 51% 38% 11% 100% Rusland 36 36 27 99 36% 27% 100% Spanje 22 21 41 84 26% 25% 49% 100% Irak 32 16 32 80 40% 20% 40% 100% Italië 24 20 25 69 35% 29% 36% 100% Somalië 48 17 3 68 71% 25% 4% 100% Iran 16 18 32 66 24% 27% 48% 100% Albanië 38 17 2 57 67% 30% 4% 100% Frankrijk 14 15 25 54 26% 28% 46% 100% Congo-Kinshasa 20 19 10 49 41% 39% 20% 100% Roemenië 24 11 13 48 50% 23% 27% 100% 6. 948 4. 390 3. 388 14. 726 47% 30% 23% 100% Nederland Afghanistan TOTAAL

Ghent Policy • Intra-European Migration Policy : a Ghent vision ° 2015 => no Ghent Policy • Intra-European Migration Policy : a Ghent vision ° 2015 => no “Roma Policy” • Two track policy – Solidarity integration – ‘Enforcement’ tackling abuse • Families in a precarious situation

Ghent Policy • City-wide consultation structure • Pcc Steering group – political • Thematic Ghent Policy • City-wide consultation structure • Pcc Steering group – political • Thematic working groups/actionplans: housing, work, education and health. • Dialogue with volunteers and charity-organisations • Higher authorities • Belgian level: Flanders and Federal (National Contact point and Nat. strategy) • EU level : Consultation and funding on local level … • Council of Europe • Eurocities

Mediators • Neighbourhood Stewards Addressing societal issues in neighbourhoods and assistance to families. • Mediators • Neighbourhood Stewards Addressing societal issues in neighbourhoods and assistance to families. • Employment Access to work • Education Increase school participation and parents’ involvement Target group = IEM Majority Bulgarian and Slovak nationals Projects = limited in time…

Policy - Fieldwork • Youth project – Trajectory guidance for youngsters – Parental support Policy - Fieldwork • Youth project – Trajectory guidance for youngsters – Parental support – Aligning social work with actions of police and justice • Information Desk Migration (incl. translation service) • Small housing project • Support self organisations

Questions? Questions?