Скачать презентацию Shark fin trade in Hong Kong Update Скачать презентацию Shark fin trade in Hong Kong Update

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Shark fin trade in Hong Kong: Update & Status Comercio de aletas de tiburón Shark fin trade in Hong Kong: Update & Status Comercio de aletas de tiburón en Hong Kong: Actualización y Estado Stan. Shea

0 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 0 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Metric ton la importación de aletas de tiburón Fin imports Shark fin imports -- 魚翅入口 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000

la importación de aletas de tiburón Shark fin imports: 1998 – 2013 12000 Total la importación de aletas de tiburón Shark fin imports: 1998 – 2013 12000 Total imports Metric ton 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Las aletas de tiburón: Procesados Vs sin procesar Las aletas de tiburón: Procesados Vs sin procesar

6000 Regional de aleta de tiburón ciudades comerciales comparación Regional shark fin cities comparison 6000 Regional de aleta de tiburón ciudades comerciales comparación Regional shark fin cities comparison 5000 Hong Kong China Metric tons 4000 Taiwan Singapore 3000 Japan 2000 1000 0 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Regional de aleta de tiburón ciudades comerciales comparación Regional shark fin cities comparison 100% Regional de aleta de tiburón ciudades comerciales comparación Regional shark fin cities comparison 100% 90% 80% 70% Japan 60% Singapore 50% Taiwan China 40% Hong Kong 30% 20% 10% 0% 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Shark fin x Marriage in Hong Kong 60000 50000 40000 30000 Total shark fin Shark fin x Marriage in Hong Kong 60000 50000 40000 30000 Total shark fin imported Total number of marriage 20000 1981 1986 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0

Shark consumption habits and attitudes in Hong Kong X The University of Hong Kong Shark consumption habits and attitudes in Hong Kong X The University of Hong Kong Faculty of Social Sciences BLOOM Los hábitos de consumo de tiburón y actitudes en Hong Kong

Shark related products consumption Shark Fin 73% 89% Shark Cartilage 6% 21% Shark Meat Shark related products consumption Shark Fin 73% 89% Shark Cartilage 6% 21% Shark Meat 3% 19% Shark Oil Capsule 3% 13% 0% 20% 40% At Least Once in Life 60% 80% In LAST 12 -month El consumo de productos de tiburón relacionados 100%

What is the occasion for shark fin soup Wedding 89. 7 Birthday 55 Family What is the occasion for shark fin soup Wedding 89. 7 Birthday 55 Family Reunions 39. 7 Lunar New Year 35 Corporate events 29. 9 Friend's gatherings 24. 5 Festivals such as Mid-Autumn 23. 9 Don't know 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 % 60 70 80 90 100 ¿Cuándo es el mejor momento para la sopa de aleta de tiburón

Degree of acceptability of not serving shark fin soup at a wedding banquet 5% Degree of acceptability of not serving shark fin soup at a wedding banquet 5% 20% 16% 59% Very Acceptable Not So Acceptable Not Acceptable at All Grado de aceptación de no servir la sopa de aleta de tiburón en un banquete de boda

Why not? Reasons for not consuming shark fin Environmental Concern 32% 29% 8% 16% Why not? Reasons for not consuming shark fin Environmental Concern 32% 29% 8% 16% 15% Cost 23% 22% 8% 23% 24% Taste 4% 14% 37% 31% Health Concerns 6% 8% 16% Religious Belief Very 8% 4% 11% Important 35% 28% Neither important nor not-important 0% 20% Not Important at All 40% 34% Important 50% Not so Important 60% 80% 100% 120% Las razones para no consumir aleta de tiburón

Consumption frequency over past 5 -year 5% 1% 24% 58% 12% Stayed the Same Consumption frequency over past 5 -year 5% 1% 24% 58% 12% Stayed the Same Decreased a Little Decreased a Lot Increased a Little Increased a Lot La frecuencia de consumo de aleta de tiburón en los últimos 5 años

sensibilización de la comunidad Public Engagement sensibilización de la comunidad Public Engagement

Abogacía Corporativa Corporate Advocacy Abogacía Corporativa Corporate Advocacy

Hong Kong hotel status (2011) Hotels that removed shark fin completely Peninsula Disneyland Hotel Hong Kong hotel status (2011) Hotels that removed shark fin completely Peninsula Disneyland Hotel Landmark Mandarin Oriental (Do not do Chinese banquet) Upper House (Do not do Chinese banquet) Hotels that removed shark fin from menus, serving based upon customer requests only: Island Shangri-la Conrad Grand Hyatt Kowloon Shangri-la

Hong Kong hotel status (2013) Hotels that removed shark fin completely City Garden Hotel Hong Kong hotel status (2013) Hotels that removed shark fin completely City Garden Hotel Disneyland Hotel Gold Coast Hotel Island Pacific Hotel Kowloon Shangri-la Mandarin Oriental Peninsula Landmark Mandarin Oriental Conrad Excelsior Harbour Grand (Kowloon) Island Shangri-la Le Meridien Marco Polo Hong Kong Hotel The Royal Pacific Hotel & Towers Upper House (Do not do Chinese banquet) Hotels that removed shark fin from menus, serving based upon customer requests only: Eaton Smart Grand Hyatt Harbour Grand Kowloon Hyatt Regency JW Marriot Mira Hotel Regal Hong Kong Ritz-Carlton Sheraton W Hotel Four Seasons Harbour Grand Hong Kong Holiday Inn Golden Mile Inter. Continental Langham Place Hotel Renaissance Harbour View Hotel Regal Kowloon Royal Park Hotel Sky. City Marriot Hotel Inter. Continental Grand Standford (2014)

Off the Menu: Hong Kong & mainland China Government drop shark fin Off the Off the Menu: Hong Kong & mainland China Government drop shark fin Off the Menu: Hong Kong y la parte continental de China Gobierno dejar de consumir la aleta de tiburón en los banquetes oficiales

Jaws (1975) Jaws (1975)

Hong Kong (2014) Hong Kong (2014)

El comercio de aletas de tiburón debe continuar. . . The trade ‘must’ go El comercio de aletas de tiburón debe continuar. . . The trade ‘must’ go on…

PRONÓSTICO comercio de aletas de tiburón 2014 Shark fin “FORECAST” 9000 8000 7000 Metric PRONÓSTICO comercio de aletas de tiburón 2014 Shark fin “FORECAST” 9000 8000 7000 Metric Ton (t) 6000 5000 2012 4000 2013 3000 2014 2000 1000 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Month Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Comercio de aletas de tiburón Shark fin trade Comercio de aletas de tiburón Shark fin trade

Shark modo Transporte comercio de aletas Transportation mode: Import 120% 100% 80% Sea Others Shark modo Transporte comercio de aletas Transportation mode: Import 120% 100% 80% Sea Others 60% Land Air 40% 20% 0% 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》 附錄二 Identification and enforcement for [CITES Appendix II] 《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》 附錄二 Identification and enforcement for [CITES Appendix II]

Hong Kong Workshop Hong Kong Workshop

J. E. Randall & R. E. Myers J. E. Randall & R. E. Myers

Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification photos from Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification photos from a book by Rudie Kuiter

Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification

Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification Importancia de la identificación de aletas de tiburón Importance of field identification

The Next of Giants The Next of Giants

Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods

Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods

Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods Nuestra cultura, nuestros alimentos Our Culture, Our Foods

願年年有「魚」 May wish the sharks have a great year 願年年有「魚」 May wish the sharks have a great year

Data Compatibility Humphead Wrasse (El Pez Napoleón) imports 100 25000 IMPORT (CSD & AFCD) Data Compatibility Humphead Wrasse (El Pez Napoleón) imports 100 25000 IMPORT (CSD & AFCD) 90 RE-EXPORT (CSD) IMPORT (CITES) 80 20000 RE-EXPORT (CITES) 60 15000 Tails metric tonnes 70 50 40 10000 30 20 5000 10 0 0 13 20 12 20 11 20 10 20 09 20 08 20 07 20 06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 Year

Acknowledgement ADM Capital Foundation Dr. Allen To (WWF) Debra Abercrombie Demian Chapman HKU Fish Acknowledgement ADM Capital Foundation Dr. Allen To (WWF) Debra Abercrombie Demian Chapman HKU Fish Lab. Imogen Zethoven (The PEW Charitable Trusts) Isabel Jarrett Kathleen Ho (BLOOM) Lisa Genasci (ADMCF) Maximiliano Bello Sophie Le Clue (ADMCF) Prof. Yvonne Sadovy (HKU) A special thanks to Irotama Hotel for providing the venue as the event for this occasion!

Questions & Answers Should you have further questions, please kindly contact stanleyshea@bloomassociation. org Questions & Answers Should you have further questions, please kindly contact [email protected] org

魚翅出口 Shark fin re-exports: 1998 – 2013 10000 9000 8000 Metric ton 7000 Total 魚翅出口 Shark fin re-exports: 1998 – 2013 10000 9000 8000 Metric ton 7000 Total re-exports adjusted re-exports 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Government Advocacy Government Advocacy

魚翅入口 Shark fin imports: 1998 – 2013 Spain Taiwan Indonesia U A Emirates Singapore 魚翅入口 Shark fin imports: 1998 – 2013 Spain Taiwan Indonesia U A Emirates Singapore R Japan Others

Shark finning 割鰭取翅 Shark finning 割鰭取翅

Shark finning 割鰭取翅 Shark finning 割鰭取翅

Other Marine creatures ? ! 其他海洋生物 ? ! Other Marine creatures ? ! 其他海洋生物 ? !

Physical Contamination Physical Contamination

Physical Contamination Physical Contamination

Sustainable shark fishery BC Dogfish Hook & Line Industry Association Spotted spiny dogfish Squalus Sustainable shark fishery BC Dogfish Hook & Line Industry Association Spotted spiny dogfish Squalus suckleyi Max. length: 160 cm Ecosystem based? Suitable for wedding banquets? Quantity of fins that can be harvested? Picture from World Wide Web

Clasper Clasper

 • 1980 s, 每年人均 25 kg • 1997, 每年人均 46 kg • 2005, • 1980 s, 每年人均 25 kg • 1997, 每年人均 46 kg • 2005, 每年人均 62 kg – 本地海洋魚類資源下降 • 漁獲下降 • 大型魚種的平均體型下降 – 魚類來自更遠的區域

Myth Within the shark net – safe to swim But outside. . Pretty save Myth Within the shark net – safe to swim But outside. . Pretty save but how about. . outside … not sure particularly important to make sure those people aware and understand that there will be no more shark fin available if the current consumption practice continues or even intensifies by the shark fin demand of Hong Kong and Mainaland China. Further, the shark fin supply sectors should also understand that overexploitation of sharks not only results in biological catastrophe in ecosystem, but also socio-economical difficulties for themselves in case that the shark fishery collapses. Try not to touch not to provoke Whenever I see the shark … I just take a picture and keep an eye on them

Victim Carcharhinus longimanus, Oceanic whitetip shark (Liu Qiu Chi) Carcharhinus falciformis, Silky shark (Wu Victim Carcharhinus longimanus, Oceanic whitetip shark (Liu Qiu Chi) Carcharhinus falciformis, Silky shark (Wu Yang Chi) Carcharhinus obscurus, Dusky shark (Hai Hu Chi) Sphyrna lewini, Scalloped hammerhead shark (Chun Chi) Sphyrna mokarran, Great hammerhead shark (Gu Pian Chi; Gu Yi Chi) Area (Period of study) Current Stock Status 99. 3 % decline in abundance Gulf of Mexico Gulf of 1990 s 1950 s –Mexico 1950 s – 1990 s Northwest Atlantic (1986 – 2000) Estimated declines of 70 % & Western central Atlantic Gulf of Mexico Gulf of 1990 s 1950 s –Mexico 1950 s – 1990 s Northwest Atlantic Northwest present Mid 1970 s - Atlantic Mid 1970 s - present Northwest Atlantic (1986 -2000) Mediterranean Northwest Atlantic & Gulf of Mexico 1997 - 2007 1997 Atlantic Eastern - 2007 Eastern 2008 1973 - Atlantic 1973 - 2008 Southwest Indian 1978 - 2003 91. 2 % decline in population; large numbers as by-catch and landed in multi-species shark fisheries 79. 2 % decline in population 80 – 85 % decline in abundance 89 % decline in population IUCN status Vulnerable Critically Endangered Least Concern Vulnerable Near Threatened Vulnerable At least > 50 % decline Endangered At least 80 % decline in abundance 79 % or more decline in catch rate Critically Endangered

Victim Area (Period of study) Carcharodon carcharias, Great white shark Northwest Atlantic 1986 -2000 Victim Area (Period of study) Carcharodon carcharias, Great white shark Northwest Atlantic 1986 -2000 Mediterranean Sea 79 % decline in abundance Northwest Atlantic 1986 -2000 65 % decline in catch rates Near Threatened Northwest Atlantic 1986 -2000 Mediterranean Sea 60 % or more decline in abundance Estimated average of 38. 5 % decline in catch rates, studies also indicating that huge majority had not yet reached maturity Near Threatened 99 % Decline Near Threatened 60 -70 % decline in domestic catch Vulnerable Declined in catch rate and number of catches Vulnerable (Gu Pian Chi; Gu Yi Chi) Galeocerdo cuvier, Tiger shark (Ruan Sha) Prionace glauca, Blue shark (Ya Jian Chi) Carcharhinus leucas, Bull shark (Sha Qing Chi) Rhincodon typus, Whale shark (Tian Jiu Chi) Rhynchobatus djiddensis, Giant guitarfish (Qun Chi) North Carolina 1972 - 2007 Taiwan South Africa 1981 – 2000 Current Stock Status estimation Evidence for 50 – 60 % decline in stock IUCN status Vulnerable Endangered Vulnerable

一套風靡全球的電影 改寫了鯊魚的一生…… 連導演、監製等也始料不及 它的影響力到今天 還絲毫不減 一套風靡全球的電影 改寫了鯊魚的一生…… 連導演、監製等也始料不及 它的影響力到今天 還絲毫不減

Black-faced Spoonbill (EN) salad Roast stewed Giant Panda (EN) with chicken Red panda soup Black-faced Spoonbill (EN) salad Roast stewed Giant Panda (EN) with chicken Red panda soup (VU) Sturgeon fried with veggie (EN to Cr) Chinese tiger fried rice (EN) African elephant (VU) pudding