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Shared Operational Context: A Needed Transformation Erik Chaum NUWC S&T Presentation July 2002
Team Undersea Warfare Center n Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Advanced Systems and Concepts) u n Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport u u n Mr. Erik Chaum Mr. Ernie Correia Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey u n Mr. Dick Lee Dr. Don Brutzman Institute for Defense Analysis u u Dr. Gene Simaitis Dr. Francisco Loaiza
Outline n n n Undersea Warfare Center NCW Challenge An essential trilogy Opportunity: Generic Hub ACTD 01: C 4 I Coalition Warfare Future Opportunities
NCW Challenge n Information Age transformation of war fighting systems and processes. u u n More than connectivity. Broad tactical and operational shared-awareness. This type of sophisticated shared understanding will leading to improved synchronization of effects, speed of command effectiveness. Ubiquitous Interoperability & Info Sharing u n Undersea Warfare Center The ability to work together: Intra-service, Joint, Coalition Are we progressing to the goal? Are all the pieces in place - just more time and funding required? Decision & Information Superiority resulting in more timely, relevant, and accurate effects.
An Analogy Undersea Warfare Center n Military decision maker u n Scenario u u Operational Context is today maintained in the warfighter “part” of tactical and command control systems. n Intelligent part of today’s system Well trained Perfect Tactical Picture Decision makers Need Context to make decisions
Trilogy Undersea Warfare Center Operational Context Interoperability Shared Understanding Automation NCW Foundation Pillars
Operational Context n Undersea Warfare Center Situational Awareness includes shared understanding regarding: u u u u the scope of operations command relationships task force order of battle mission assignments/ objectives Commander's Intent rules of engagement (ROE) coordination guidelines u u u u schedule of operations communication schedules battlespace management (e. g. , waterspace management) sensor employment and management plans/guidance threat assessment environmental guidance Family of Interoperable Operational Pictures [FIOP] This information and knowledge is understood by people, and must be available and used by automated systems!
Goal: Shared Understanding n Undersea Warfare Center Independent, incompatible models create unsolvable interoperability problems. u Classification Uncertainty Models: Data Fusion Sys #1: 60% Sub 30% Ship 10% Helo Data Fusion Sys #2: = Unk Sub Ship Air There is no unambiguous mapping between these two models - information is lost, imprecise understanding.
Future NCW Systems: Sensor and Context Driven Undersea Warfare Center Global Information Grid Context Driven Operational Context Service FIOP Service Applications Agents Autonomous Systems Sensor Driven Sensing
Implementation Considerations n Hierarchical Process u u n Each echelon adds additional information Top-down Shared understanding across the range of battlespace information u u n Undersea Warfare Center New Interoperability Standards required Workload Country, Service, System, Application, Technology, Contractor Independent u Generic, Cross-Cutting and Unifying
Capability Gaps Undersea Warfare Center Global Exchange Ontology GH 4 Top-down “Unified” N Bottom-up “Negotiated” Capability Shortfall Today NCW Objective Capability N 2
NATO Reference Model n NATO Battlespace Operational Context model: Land C 2 Information Exchange Data Model (LC 2 IEDM), or GH 5 (Generic Hub version 5) u u u n Undersea Warfare Center Countries use it for C 2 systems interface definition Draft NATO STANAG ( ADat -P 32). Work progressing on GH 5 Provides a rational mature framework for interoperability and exploring more sophisticated automation methods.
GH 4: Basic Entities q Undersea Warfare Center Battlefield objects and types: q Facility Feature Materiel Organization Person etc. Entity-Relationship Model: [not a list of data] u u Key information entities, and relational meta-information
NATO Land Command Control Information Exchange Data Model Basic Entities Undersea Warfare Center Situational Awareness Reporting Data Battlefield objects and types Facility Feature Materiel Organisation Person Capability Plans, Orders, Requests
C 4 I Coalition Warfare Task n n Undersea Warfare Center This work explored, demonstrated, and evaluated GH 4 applicability to maritime coalition interoperability and system automation GH 4, via XML Schema, distributed operation context and tactical data u CORBA data server interface u Submarine combat control system u X 3 D browser-based visualization
Auto-generation & Visualization of Structured Planning Information ESG CVN Dr. Don Brutzman, MOVES, NPS Undersea Warfare Center
Multiple Transformation Enabler n New Capabilities for the Warfighter u n Undersea Warfare Center Applications, Intelligent Agents, and Autonomous Systems with Operational and Tactical Awareness Cost Reduction System Engineering u Maintenance u n Interoperable based on top-down design u n n Operational Context Information Architecture Industry Best Practices Approach Start with Coalition Success
Future Opportunities n Building on key ideas and successes u Sharing ideas, looking for synergy & partners: u Joint & Coalition Project formulation u Joint Experimentation n Undersea Warfare Center Scaling up and out u Appropriate to consider as a missionoriented enterprise solution for all Do. D u Working Coalition partnerships u Technology outreach to Allies
POC: n Mr. Erik Chaum Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI 401. 832. 6915 Chaume @npt. nuwc. navy. mil Undersea Warfare Center