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Session IV: Identifying and Addressing Member State Needs and Priorities Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Session IV: Identifying and Addressing Member State Needs and Priorities Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Division for Latin America, Department of Technical Cooperation Khammar Mrabit, Section Head, Safety and Security Coordination Section, Department of Nuclear Safety and Security IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency

Session objective • to present how the priority needs of Member States are identified Session objective • to present how the priority needs of Member States are identified and how ways to address these are developed into projects for approval by the Board IAEA

The vision that guides TC Technical cooperation seeks to forge human and institutional capacity The vision that guides TC Technical cooperation seeks to forge human and institutional capacity in MS to safely utilize nuclear technologies to address local needs, global issues and contribute to national development. IAEA

What does the TC programme do? • Identify specific capacities and gaps in MS What does the TC programme do? • Identify specific capacities and gaps in MS • Identify a specific programmatic response tailored to diverse needs and capacities • Ensure a coherent, coordinated and interdisciplinary response by the Agency • Programme and deliver integrated programmes that are matched to the above gaps and capacities. • Identify partners and resources for delivering programmes with impact IAEA

What is the IAEA TC Programme? . . a mechanism for pooling in-house technical What is the IAEA TC Programme? . . a mechanism for pooling in-house technical resources Human Health Nuclear Safety Food & Agriculture Physical & Chemical Sciences Technial Cooperatio n Programme Nuclear Security Nuclear Power Nuclear Fuel Cycle & Waste IAEA Environment Studies & Monitoring Radiation Transport Waste Safety

Ascertaining the priority needs of MS • Two way street • Agency staff must Ascertaining the priority needs of MS • Two way street • Agency staff must be aware of country’s priorities • Member States must be aware of Agency programmes IAEA

TC Relationship with Member States NLO PMs PMO IAEA TO Member States Counterparts TC Relationship with Member States NLO PMs PMO IAEA TO Member States Counterparts

The Country Programme Framework A descriptive planning process that identifies country needs and priorities, The Country Programme Framework A descriptive planning process that identifies country needs and priorities, based on: • Identified national priorities • Consideration of National Development Plans • Regional priorities • MDGs IAEA

The Country Programme Framework Aims to • Identify problems to be addressed with nuclear The Country Programme Framework Aims to • Identify problems to be addressed with nuclear technologies • Outline the results expected in a given time frame • Encourage MS to take ownership of the programme IAEA

Central Criterion • A project must address an area of real need in which Central Criterion • A project must address an area of real need in which there is a national programme enjoying strong government commitment and support. • tangible socio-economic benefit • enabling environment IAEA

National TC projects • Address problems/needs at the national • • level Member State National TC projects • Address problems/needs at the national • • level Member State Specific Build on or establish infrastructure May involve more than one counterpart / institution Need / country driven IAEA

Regional TC projects • Address problems/needs at the regional level • Build on existing Regional TC projects • Address problems/needs at the regional level • Build on existing national infrastructure • Promote Technical Cooperation among Developing • • • Countries (TCDC) Create links between regional institution Aims at sharing information / expertise and experience Several regional institutions involved Mainly HR No or very little procurement (small items) IAEA

Interregional TC projects • Address problems/needs at the • • • interregional level Address Interregional TC projects • Address problems/needs at the • • • interregional level Address transboundary issues Small number of projects No procurement Mainly HR Usually an Agency initiative IAEA

From technical cooperation to capacity development Supply driven Demand driven Facilitating access to knowledge From technical cooperation to capacity development Supply driven Demand driven Facilitating access to knowledge Facilitating networking Technical Cooperation Facilitating multistakeholder engagement Capacity Development Participatory policy dialogue Creating space for learning Input-based IAEA Outcome-based (transformative) Human and institutional development Millennium Declaration MDGs

IAEA portfolio of services Peer Reviews Assessment of Needs Technical Advice Training (individual and IAEA portfolio of services Peer Reviews Assessment of Needs Technical Advice Training (individual and in groups) Equipment Support Legislative Assistance Fellowships IAEA TC support Advisory Services Knowledge Networking Capacity building Networking Knowledge sharing Partnership facilitation Support for Research Technical Publications Public Information Reference Materials Support

Addressing Member State priorities IAEA Addressing Member State priorities IAEA

Addressing Member State priorities Number of countries in 2008 Number of countries in 2010 Addressing Member State priorities Number of countries in 2008 Number of countries in 2010 Not planning to introduce nuclear power plants, but interested in considering the issues associated with a nuclear power programme 16 31 Considering a nuclear programme to meet identified energy needs with a strong indication of intention to proceed 14 14 Active preparation for a possible nuclear power programme with no final decision 7 7 Decided to introduce nuclear power and started preparing the appropriate infrastructure 4 10 Invitation to bid to supply a nuclear power plant prepared 1 Description New nuclear power plant ordered 2 New nuclear power plant under construction 1 1 Total 51 65 10 to 25 new countries are expected to bring their first IAEA nuclear power plants on-line by 2030

Needs identification: Nuclear safety self-assessments • The Agency helps Member States to conduct self-assessments Needs identification: Nuclear safety self-assessments • The Agency helps Member States to conduct self-assessments based on safety standards • This is a learning and investigation process and an integral part of the continuous improvement of an organization • Self-assessment is useful at different stages: • Before starting an improvement programme • Prior to a peer review • Routinely, every one to three years to maintain a continuous improvement programme and to monitor progress IAEA

Concept Phase: from needs to proposals 6 5 4 3 2 1 (Country Programme Concept Phase: from needs to proposals 6 5 4 3 2 1 (Country Programme Note) CPF IAEA Review of concepts At regional & interregional levels CPN review by the Secretariat CPN Pre-planning missions Feedback to MS • MS TC priorities for upcoming programming cycle: • overview of the country programme • project concepts ordered according to priorities

One House Approach (1) • A project is rarely a single strand activity • One House Approach (1) • A project is rarely a single strand activity • A project in medical application, for example, is likely to have impacts on safety and radioactive waste • Various parts of the Secretariat contribute to the delivery of one single project • Each project should be integrated and cohesive IAEA

Training Example Planning Energy Options Human Resources Capacity Building Transportation Nuclear Technology Regulatory Bodies Training Example Planning Energy Options Human Resources Capacity Building Transportation Nuclear Technology Regulatory Bodies IAEA Emergency Response The Environment Waste Decommissioning Legal Issues Public Acceptance Safety and Security

One House Approach (2) • The TC Department manages the technical cooperation programme • One House Approach (2) • The TC Department manages the technical cooperation programme • The Technical Departments are responsible for providing technical support • Officers from TC and Technical Departments work in full partnership with counterparts to implement the programme IAEA

Thirty Fields of Activity • Nuclear Sciences and Radiation Technologies: • • Building nuclear Thirty Fields of Activity • Nuclear Sciences and Radiation Technologies: • • Building nuclear competencies Energy: Capacity building in energy including introduction and/or expansion of nuclear power Legal issues: Legislative & regulatory support Safety and Security: Protecting people, society and the environment Radioactive Waste: RWM, decommissioning and environmental remediation Water and Environment: Sustaining water and other natural resources Food and Agriculture: Increasing productivity and quality Human Health: Enhancing prevention, treatment and control of diseases … etc. IAEA

Example of Fields of Activity Example: Nuclear power reactors Objective: to provide support to Example of Fields of Activity Example: Nuclear power reactors Objective: to provide support to MSs that have decided to build new nuclear reactors or are already operating nuclear reactors. • It covers all aspects from siting and construction of the facilities to commissioning and operation. • Support can be provided on assessing and improving the operational safety, methods for safety assessment, efficient management systems and lifetime management. It will also take into account radiation protection, radioactive waste management, EPR and transport (covered under other Fo. As). • Support can include advancement and innovation of technology for NPPSs systems and their fuel cycles. IAEA

Challenges: Changing World The world nuclear community is facing a new type of large Challenges: Changing World The world nuclear community is facing a new type of large scale and complex challenges, opportunities, and risks, e. g. • Nuclear Renaissance; • Expansion of medical practices; • … etc. IAEA

Moving Forward • Member States are an integral part of the Agency (MSs, Secretariat Moving Forward • Member States are an integral part of the Agency (MSs, Secretariat and Policy Making Organs) • The Agency is as strong as its Member States are • Together, we need to build and sustain effective capacity nationally, regionally and globally to meet new challenges • We must strengthen horizontal sharing of knowledge, experience and lessons learned • Knowledge and experience can be shared only by active, indepth participation and strong commitment to a mutual learning process • The Agency has a vision, strategy and a policy for effective and sustainable capacity building to meet current and future challenges IAEA

Technical cooperation: delivering results for peace and development IAEA Technical cooperation: delivering results for peace and development IAEA