- Количество слайдов: 20
Session # C 6 b, Period 6 October 17, 2015 Addressing the Unique Needs of Patients Returning Home from Prison and Jail Aaron Fox, MD, MS, Assistant Professor of Medicine Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center; Attending Physician, Comprehensive Health Care Center Beth Hribar, MPP, Program Director Institute of Advanced Medicine of the Mount Sinai Health System Martha A. Sparks, Ph. D, Associate Director Mental Health Services, Spencer Cox Center for Health, Institute of Advanced Medicine of the Mount Sinai Health System Collaborative Family Healthcare Association 17 th Annual Conference October 15 -17, 2015 Portland, Oregon U. S. A.
Faculty Disclosure The presenters of this session • have NOT had any relevant financial relationships during the past 12 months.
Learning Objectives At the conclusion of this session, the participant will be able to: 1. Describe how the high rate of incarceration in the United States affects the health of returning citizens and communities of color. 2. List barriers to care and care engagement for returning citizens in traditional models of healthcare delivery and changes that can be made at the clinic level to address these barriers. 3. Describe features of culturally sensitive healthcare for individuals returning home. 4. Identify at least one benefit of having a formerly incarcerated individual as a member of the care team.
Selected References Binswagner, I. A. et. Al. (2011). "From the prison door right to the sidewalk, everything went downhill, " a qualitative study of the health experiences of recently released inmates. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 34(4). Carson, E. A. (2014). Prisoners in 2013. Bulletin from the United States Department of Justice. Retrieved from: http: //www. bjs. gov/content/pub/pdf/p 13. pdf Cloud, D. (2014). On life support: Public health in the age of mass incarceration. Vera Institute of Justice. Retrieved from http: //www. vera. org/pubs/public-healthmass-incarceration Drucker, E. (2011). A plague of prisons: The epidemiology of mass incarceration in America. The New Press: New York. Glaze, L. E. , and Kaeble, D. (2014). Correctional populations in the United States, 2013. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from: http: //www. bjs. gov/index. cfm? ty=pbdetail&iid=5177
Learning Assessment • A learning assessment is required for CE credit. • A question and answer period will be conducted at the end of this presentation.
Outline 1. Background: serving the formerly incarcerated matters 2. Barriers post-incarceration 3. The Transitions Clinic model - Bronx Transitions Clinic - Coming Home Program
Prisons are overflowing http: //america. aljazeera. com/articles/2013/12/12/calif-judgesextend-deadlineforinmatereduction. html
Chronic Health Conditions Overrepresented Among Inmates Chronic Condition Diabetes Hypertension HIV Hepatitis Any mental health condition Substance Use Disorders Prevalence in Jail/Prison Population Difference Prevalence in General Population 8 – 11% 28 -31% 0. 9 -1. 7% 5 – 6% 26%-33% > > >> >> >> 6. 5% 26% 0. 5% 1. 3% 10% 62% >>> 5% CASA Behind Bars; Wilper AJPH 2009
Incarceration history in primary care Survey Question Percent of sample (N = 118) Current, criminal proceedings 18% Current, family member incarcerated 18% Ever arrested 25% Ever, family member arrested 55% Ever incarcerated 18% Ever, family member incarcerated 51% Shah JHCPU 2009
Medical care post-incarceration www. imdb. com
Reentry and mortality Deaths per 100, 000 person-years By weeks after release * 12 x increased risk of death Binswanger. NEJM. 2007
Barriers to medical care post-release Barrier to care Intervention Individual-level Competing Priorities (housing, employment, etc) Mistrust Relapse to substance use Mental health/Trauma Transportation Provider-level Stigma Uncaring Demeanor Systems-level Costs Health Insurance Long waiting times Van Olphen J Urban Health 2006; Binswanger Int J Law & Psychiatry 2011; Richie Crime & Deliquency 2001
Transitions Clinic Models Hong et al. 2011
Community Heath Workers http: //transitionsclinic. org/whychws/
Overcoming barriers to care Barrier Transitions Clinic Intervention Competing Priorities Osborne Association (OA) – Case Management Mistrust Community Health Worker Relapse to substance use OA, Buprenorphine Treatment Uncontrolled mental health *Referral Transportation Metrocards, van Stigma Cultural Competence Training Uncaring Demeanor Ms. Diaz Costs FQHC Health Insurance Medicaid Enrollers Provider waiting time Open access session (Saturday)
Bronx Transitions Clinic
Overcoming barriers to care Barrier Transitions Clinic Intervention Competing Priorities Case management from Coming Home Coordinators Mistrust Community Health Worker Relapse to substance use OA, Buprenorphine Treatment Uncontrolled mental health Integrated behavioral health Transportation Metrocards, van Stigma Cultural Competence Training Uncaring Demeanor Formerly incarcerated staff Costs ACA enrollment Health Insurance HEAL Center Provider waiting time Ongoing challenge!
Provider Training Curriculum http: //training. transitionsclinic. org/training/modules/
Acknowledgments • Richard Medina, Osborne Association, Bronx Transitions Clinic patients • The Coming Home Team: Mary Johnson, Kimalee Garner, Iris Bowen, Monique Carter, Donna Hylton • Victoria Sharp, MD, Former Director of the Spencer Cox Center for Health