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SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – Paris - December 2 nd, 2009 • Who are we? • A conundrum • The SCOAP 3 model • Fund-raising Salvatore Mele CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research scoap 3. org

SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – Paris - December 2 nd, 2009 • Who are we? • A conundrum • The SCOAP 3 model • Fund-raising Salvatore Mele CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research scoap 3. org

~15’ 000 High Energy Physics (HEP) scientists smash stuff at the speed of light ~15’ 000 High Energy Physics (HEP) scientists smash stuff at the speed of light to produce new stuff

~15’ 000 HEP theorists scratch their heads to make sense of all that stuff ~15’ 000 HEP theorists scratch their heads to make sense of all that stuff and then some more

CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research (since 1954) • • World leading HEP laboratory, CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research (since 1954) • • World leading HEP laboratory, Geneva (CH) 2500 staff (mostly engineers, administrators/services) 10000 visitors (physicists from 580 institutes in 85 countries) 3 Nobel prizes (Accelerators, Detectors, Discoveries) Invented the web Ready to start 27 km (6 bn€) LHC “big-bang machine” Four 2500 -strong teams fully committed to OA Seminal articles describing LHC construction OA in SISSA/IOPp Journal of Instrumentation – 7 articles/1600 pages/8000 authors. 60’ 000+ downloads/2 months CERN Convention (1953): ante-litteram Open Access manifesto “… the results of its experimental and theoretical work shall be published or otherwise made generally available”

The HEP “preprint culture” L. Goldschmidt-Clermont, 1965, http: //eprints. rclis. org/archive/00000445/02/communication_patterns. pdf • • The HEP “preprint culture” L. Goldschmidt-Clermont, 1965, http: //eprints. rclis. org/archive/00000445/02/communication_patterns. pdf • • • Scientific journals of ‘ 60 s too slow for HEP Mass-mail preprints to institutes worldwide Ante litteram (institute-pays) Open Access CERN library starts index and display preprints Leading research libraries “serve” preprints CERN Library, circa 1960

SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – Paris - December 2 nd, 2009 • Who are we? • A conundrum • The SCOAP 3 model • Fund-raising Salvatore Mele CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research scoap 3. org

Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% • 97% • 5 • <10% HEP Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% • 97% • 5 • <10% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites

Where do HEP scientists get their info? Gentil-Beccot et al. arxiv: 0804. 2701 • Where do HEP scientists get their info? Gentil-Beccot et al. arxiv: 0804. 2701 • Survey of 2’ 000+ scientists (10% of community) • Library/community answers to info needs • Google as proxy of ar. Xiv, SPIRES, publishers

Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • 97% HEP journals’ content freely available on ar. Xiv • 5 • <10%

97% of HEP journals’ content is in ar. Xiv 97% of HEP journals’ content is in ar. Xiv

Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • 97% HEP journals’ content freely available on ar. Xiv • 5 Citation advantage of green OA in HEP • <10%

Citation acceleration and augmentation • SPIRES counts: citations to/from preprints/articles • Citation peak before Citation acceleration and augmentation • SPIRES counts: citations to/from preprints/articles • Citation peak before publications and 5 times higher • Scientific discourse proceeds on discipline repository

Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • Some numbers. . . • 0. 1% HEP scientists searching on publishers’ sites • 97% HEP journals’ content freely available on ar. Xiv • 5 Citation advantage of green OA in HEP • <10% HEP scientists reading HEP journals

Do HEP scientists read journals ? Gentil-Beccot et al. arxiv: 0906. 5418 ∼ 30, Do HEP scientists read journals ? Gentil-Beccot et al. arxiv: 0906. 5418 ∼ 30, 000 clicks (choice between ar. Xiv and journal) Publisher server 18% ar. Xiv 82% (As many scientists as analyzed here go straight to ar. Xiv)

HEP and its 6 -8 journals: a conundrum • Scientists do not read journals, HEP and its 6 -8 journals: a conundrum • Scientists do not read journals, they read ar. Xiv • Journals are for peer-review and officialdom • Strong request for OA from scientists • Libraries’ subscriptions implicitly support the system rather than buying access

SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – Paris - December 2 nd, 2009 • Who are we? • A conundrum • The SCOAP 3 model • Fund-raising Salvatore Mele CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research scoap 3. org

The SCOAP 3 model An international consortium to convert existing (and new) top-quality HEP The SCOAP 3 model An international consortium to convert existing (and new) top-quality HEP journals to OA • Libraries re-direct subscriptions to SCOAP 3 • SCOAP 3 pays centrally for peer-review service • Price-per-article established by call for tender • Articles are (free and libre) Open Access OA and publishing novelties

OA novelties of SCOAP 3 • No additional expenses for OA article fees – OA novelties of SCOAP 3 • No additional expenses for OA article fees – for anyone: authors, libraries, funders • Discipline-wide re-direction of subscriptions • Transparently provide scientists with: – OA; academic freedom; quality; prestige

Publishing novelties of SCOAP 3 • Link price and quality through call for tender Publishing novelties of SCOAP 3 • Link price and quality through call for tender • Correlate volume and price through contracts • Experiment in a field at a confluence: – OA, repositories, peer-review

SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – SCOAP 3 Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics Berlin 7 – Paris - December 2 nd, 2009 • Who are we? • A conundrum • The SCOAP 3 model • Fund-raising Salvatore Mele CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research scoap 3. org

How much will it cost? No more than we spend today! • Worldwide budget How much will it cost? No more than we spend today! • Worldwide budget envelope: § Today learned society prices — JHEP ~1 M€ for 20% of HEP — APS ~2000$/article § 5000 -7000 articles/year in 6 -8 journals • Total: 10 M€/year

SCOAP 3 funding Fair-share: contribute as per peer-review usage J. Krause et al. CERN-OPEN-2007 SCOAP 3 funding Fair-share: contribute as per peer-review usage J. Krause et al. CERN-OPEN-2007 -014

International consensus • Only viable if every country is on board! • Go beyond International consensus • Only viable if every country is on board! • Go beyond majority and well-wishing • Success through consensus and unanimity • Not a weakness: a strength! XXIst century problem-solving strategy

How far are we? 65% of the SCOAP 3 budget envelope pledged by libraries, How far are we? 65% of the SCOAP 3 budget envelope pledged by libraries, consortia and funders worldwide 6. 5 M€ (65%) 3. 5 M€ (35%) Austria Belgium CERN Denmark France Finland Germany Greece Hungary Italy Netherlands Norway Romania Slovakia Sweden Switzerland Spain JISC (UK) Australia Israel, Turkey Canada >150 U. S. libraries (75%)

How do we build it? Three steps in sequence 1. Libraries and consortia worldwide How do we build it? Three steps in sequence 1. Libraries and consortia worldwide sign Expression of Interest to re-direct subscriptions to SCOAP 3 • Library by library in the U. S. • Nationwide (consortia) elsewhere 2. Establish an international Governing Board 3. Issue a Call for Tender/Request for Purchase Founding CERN, 1953

SCOAP 3 Call for Tender • Request price-per-article for peer-review & OA — OA SCOAP 3 Call for Tender • Request price-per-article for peer-review & OA — OA conditions § Irreversible OA § Author rights § Push into repositories — Financial conditions: § Unbundling of journal packages § Reduction of subscription prices § No double payment

Outlook 1. Reach critical mass: – completing the US and European pledges – partnerships Outlook 1. Reach critical mass: – completing the US and European pledges – partnerships in Asia and South America 2. Convene international Governing Board 3. Engage publishers in a call for tender 4. Go/No-Go decision, contracts and Mo. U’s You can all help with #1

Thank you! Salvatore. Mele@cern. ch http: //scoap 3. org Thank you! Salvatore. [email protected] ch http: //scoap 3. org