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Scholarly Publishing at University of California ———— An Update for User’s Council Catherine H. Scholarly Publishing at University of California ———— An Update for User’s Council Catherine H. Candee Director, Publishing and Strategic Initiatives California Digital Library

Brief History of CDL Publishing ► Economics and technology intersected in the mid-1990 s Brief History of CDL Publishing ► Economics and technology intersected in the mid-1990 s to provide the perfect crisis/opportunity ► CDL opened 1999; e. Scholarship Program launched 2000 ► e. Scholarship Repository launched 2003; today 200 UC depts. contributing more than 16, 000 papers, books, articles, etc; 5. 2 million full-text downloads ► e. Scholarship Editions: 2, 000 XML Scholarly monographs from University of California Press ► CDL-UC Press partnership extends to monographic series, digital critical editions, interactive Web based publications

e. Scholarship Services ► Provide low-cost alternative publishing services for the UC community ► e. Scholarship Services ► Provide low-cost alternative publishing services for the UC community ► Support widespread distribution of the materials that result from research & teaching ► Foster new models of scholarly publishing through the development and application of advanced technologies

Dark and Stormy Night ► Economics of scholarly publishing have become increasingly troublesome for Dark and Stormy Night ► Economics of scholarly publishing have become increasingly troublesome for both nonprofit producers and consumers; libraries continue to buy shrinking percentage of output ► New technologies offer possibilities for innovative and more cost-effective publishing ► Pressures and opportunities create new challenges for UC services in support of research & teaching ► Experiments with new forms of publication have extended as far as existing organizational structures (UC Press and CDL) and budgets will allow

Guiding Principles ► To remain competitive the university must provide a research infrastructure for Guiding Principles ► To remain competitive the university must provide a research infrastructure for its faculty that will ensure productivity and stimulate innovation in all aspects of the research, teaching and learning cycle ► Publishing must be conceived more broadly than the production of an archival record; it is an integral part of the research enterprise ► Publishing must embrace a suite of production and dissemination activities, some of which will be revenue generating ► Publishing must enable faculty to create and distribute works via the most appropriate means

Early research confirming what we already knew ► An enormous amount of publishing activity, Early research confirming what we already knew ► An enormous amount of publishing activity, both system-wide and campus-based ► Much of it is informal, e. g. working papers, much of it is digital, and much of it hard to find ► Surprising amount of formal publishing activity on campuses, in ORUs and UCOP departments ► Faculty make a distinction between in-process scholarly communication and formal, archival publication (ref to Harley, King) ► There is still considerable resistance to the use of alternative formats for “archival publication” because of tenure concerns ► Growing percentage of UC faculty are desperate for university support for creating, validating, publishing, recognizing their new scholarly communication activities

UC Strategy ► Align UC publishing services with the academic enterprise of the University UC Strategy ► Align UC publishing services with the academic enterprise of the University of California ► Broaden the role of the university press beyond gatekeeper for a select few; reclaim and extend the original role of the university press ► Coordinate planning across the UC system, find intersections in IT planning, digital stewardship, research data support, publishing and preservation ► Develop publishing services to be interoperable with services for research and supplementary data

UC Publishing Services ► Traditional Scholarly Publishing Services § Scholarly monographs § Peer-reviewed journals UC Publishing Services ► Traditional Scholarly Publishing Services § Scholarly monographs § Peer-reviewed journals ► Dissemination & Repository Services § Working papers, technical reports, etc. § Electronic Theses & Dissertations § Postprint Repository ► New Publishing Models § Distributed Editorial Boards § Digital Critical Editions § Interactive map-based publications in soc sciences & humanities § Science reference/collaboration with museums

Thank you! Catherine. Candee@ucop. edu Thank you! Catherine. [email protected] edu