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SC ICT Certification Level 1 03 Computer Hardware By Ross Parker SC ICT Certification Level 1 03 Computer Hardware By Ross Parker

03. 1 WHY DO I CARE? 03. 1 WHY DO I CARE?

Mysterious Magical Stuff • Do you treat your computer like a “black box”? • Mysterious Magical Stuff • Do you treat your computer like a “black box”? • Why should I care what it is doing inside?

4 Reasons • Purchasing – Understand what you are buying • Performance – Know 4 Reasons • Purchasing – Understand what you are buying • Performance – Know why your computer is running slow • Power – Persuade your boss as to why you need a new or upgraded computer! • Peace-of-mind – Understand what is normal and what is not

03. 2 THE BASICS 03. 2 THE BASICS

What is a Computer? Source: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory What is a Computer? Source: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons

What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons

What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons

What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons What is a Computer? Source: Wikimedia Commons

What is a Computer? • wikipedia. org: “a computer is a machine that manipulates What is a Computer? • wikipedia. org: “a computer is a machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions. ” • techterms. com: “technically, a computer is a programmable machine” • merriam-webster. com: “a programmable usually electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data”

How a Computer Works “The Fundamental Idea” wikipedia. org: “a computer is a machine How a Computer Works “The Fundamental Idea” wikipedia. org: “a computer is a machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions. ” Input Process I/O Output

How a Computer Works “The Fundamental Idea” Input Process Disk Storage Output How a Computer Works “The Fundamental Idea” Input Process Disk Storage Output

Keyboard Mouse CD-ROM Voice Collection Data and beyond Touch Devices Input Process Disk Storage Keyboard Mouse CD-ROM Voice Collection Data and beyond Touch Devices Input Process Disk Storage Output

Monitor Printer Speakers Input Process Disk Storage Output Monitor Printer Speakers Input Process Disk Storage Output

Input Hard Drive- Writable CD-ROM USB Process Disk Storage Output Input Hard Drive- Writable CD-ROM USB Process Disk Storage Output

Input Process Output Disk Storage Capacity Input Process Output Disk Storage Capacity

Input Process Disk Storage 120 to 250 GB (Gigabytes) Output Input Process Disk Storage 120 to 250 GB (Gigabytes) Output

A Little More on Disk Storage • How much do you need? • Buy A Little More on Disk Storage • How much do you need? • Buy the biggest that you can afford! • 100 Gigabytes: all the academic journals on the shelves of a single library floor • 10 Terabytes: all printed collections of U. S. Library of Congress • 5 Exabytes: All words ever spoken by human beings

What Does This Storage Mean for You? 1 TB (Terabyte) Hard Drive • 781, What Does This Storage Mean for You? 1 TB (Terabyte) Hard Drive • 781, 250 pictures • 1, 250 hours of video

03. 3 INSIDE THE COMPUTER 03. 3 INSIDE THE COMPUTER

What Makes a Computer What Makes a Computer

Motherboard Slots for installing Additional parts CPU is installed here RAM Memory is Installed Motherboard Slots for installing Additional parts CPU is installed here RAM Memory is Installed here These connect to the hard drive by a cable

CPU Giga. Hertz (GHz) 2. 00 GHz 2 Billion Calculations per Second!!! CPU Giga. Hertz (GHz) 2. 00 GHz 2 Billion Calculations per Second!!!

Memory - RAM • Typical RAM size for 2008: 2 GB • Good RAM Memory - RAM • Typical RAM size for 2008: 2 GB • Good RAM size for 2008: 4 GB • Outstanding RAM size for 2008: 16 GB

 • • • What Makes a Computer? Motherboard – connects together and coordinates • • • What Makes a Computer? Motherboard – connects together and coordinates other components. CPU – processes information according to stored instructions. The heart of the beast! Internal Storage – persistent instruction and data storage. Usually a hard disk. Memory– temporary instruction and data storage. Usually RAM. Removable media devices I/O – Keyboard, mouse, webcam – Display, speakers – Network • Power supply

Slowness • Hardware – Older, slower processor – Insufficient RAM – Slow hard drive Slowness • Hardware – Older, slower processor – Insufficient RAM – Slow hard drive – Hard drive almost at capacity – Network issues • Software – Demanding operating system & applications – Excessive multi-tasking – Malicious software

03. 4 PLAYTIME! 03. 4 PLAYTIME!

The Messy, Real-World View Power supply Case Cable nest RAM CPU Motherboard Optical Internal The Messy, Real-World View Power supply Case Cable nest RAM CPU Motherboard Optical Internal Drive Storage (on top) (hidden) Hard drive (hidden)

Get Stuck In • There is a computer for you to play with. • Get Stuck In • There is a computer for you to play with. • Can you? : – Connect up the external cables on the back panel. – Open the case. – Ground yourself on the power supply. • Discharge dangerous static. • Computer should be off, and plugged in to a socket that is switched off. – Identify: • • • The motherboard CPU Internal storage Memory Power supply – Reseat the RAM – Remove and replace the internal storage cabling on both ends.

03. 5 OUTRODUCTION 03. 5 OUTRODUCTION

Measures • • • CPU: MHz, GHz, Fl. Ops Memory: k. B, MB, GB, Measures • • • CPU: MHz, GHz, Fl. Ops Memory: k. B, MB, GB, TB Network: kb/s, Mb/s Screen Resolution: px Hard drive: rpm Optical drive: YYx

Summary • • • Extreme complexity Understandable by most Grasp what you are buying Summary • • • Extreme complexity Understandable by most Grasp what you are buying Basic knowledge of problems Understanding of that mysterious magical stuff

Thank You Thank You

Licensing • • • All original work used here is licensed under the Creative Licensing • • • All original work used here is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. 0 Unported license. For more details please look at http: //creativecommons. org/licenses/by-sa/3. 0/. This license has been chosen to permit a high degree of sharing, whilst protecting the author’s control as to how the content is used. Please respect this license and use accordingly! Recycled and borrowed works from other sources are used under appropriate licenses, which are not affected by this license. The original source is always given. All original work created by Ross Parker (Sha Tin College, English Schools Foundation, Hong Kong), except where specified.