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Safety Through Information Getting the information you need to fly safely even when you’re Safety Through Information Getting the information you need to fly safely even when you’re in new territory By Grant Mc. Herron

You’ve all heard these, right? “Praemonitus, praemunitus” (Fore-warned is Forearmed) “Be prepared” Baden-Powell & You’ve all heard these, right? “Praemonitus, praemunitus” (Fore-warned is Forearmed) “Be prepared” Baden-Powell & the Boy Scouts “Knowledge is Power” Sir Francis Bacon “Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance. ” Confucius “No Campaign plan survives first contact with the enemy” Carl von Clausewitz “Planning is everything, the plan is nothing” Dwight Eisenhower Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 2

Pilots Have Known This For Almost 100 Years Pilots Have Known This For Almost 100 Years "The success or otherwise of ‘the airway’ is in the hands of the people who do the work – the pilots. In their hands rests everything. No man can be born a fullytrained pilot; no pilot can ever be fully trained. All pilots should ever be learning, ever striving to increase their own efficiency. Efficiency begets confidence, and thus safety. So aim at being safe" Captain Travis W. Shortridge "Blind & Bad Weather Flying" Slipstream Magazine, 1930 (pilot of the ill-fated Southern Cloud) Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 3

Legally, you must be prepared! CAO 95. 54 4. 2 CAR 233 CAR 239 Legally, you must be prepared! CAO 95. 54 4. 2 CAR 233 CAR 239 The pilot in command (that's you) has to: • Plan the flight for the route to be followed any aerodromes to be used (and any alternates), covering: o Current weather reports & forecasts o Airways facilities available & their conditions o Conditions of any aerodromes & their suitability to your aircraft o Air Traffic Control rules & procedures pertaining to the flight • Carry (with easy access to) the information you need during the flight, including: o Maps covering the proposed area of operation showing aerodromes, controlled airspace, prohibited, restricted and danger areas along the likely flight path o Any other information & instructions required Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 4

Today may not be like Yesterday • You must have current information available to Today may not be like Yesterday • You must have current information available to you • You need this information in your home area as well as when you go to a new area • Never assume you know what's going on because you flew here yesterday - always look for what's changed, new info, etc Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 5

What's stopping you? What's stopping you? "Who's got the time? The weather is right now!" "I don't need the latest maps - my parts don't really change. " "I just fly where I know and don't go elsewhere. " "It's too hard to stay up to date. " "It's not like I'm flying at an airport and can just drop by the pilot's shop. " "We're recreational & fly under their radar. " Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 6

Sources of Knowledge • Government Sources o ERSA, AIP, VFR Guide o NOTAMs o Sources of Knowledge • Government Sources o ERSA, AIP, VFR Guide o NOTAMs o Maps VNC, VTC, ERC Low, TAC, PCA Geoscience, LIC NSW, VICMAP, etc • Bo. M o TAFs, METARS, etc • ABF o Pilot Training Manual, Operations Manual o Website Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 7

Save the Trees! ERSA, AIP, etc: http: //www. airservices. gov. au/flying/default. asp CASR, CAO, Save the Trees! ERSA, AIP, etc: http: //www. airservices. gov. au/flying/default. asp CASR, CAO, etc: http: //casa. gov. au/scripts/nc. dll? WCMS: STANDARD: : pc=PC_90902 Briefing Services: http: //www. airservicesaustralia. com/brief/ http: //www. airservicesaustralia. com/NOTAMMAPS/INDEX. ASP http: //www. airservices. gov. au/Brief/areabrf. asp TAFs, METARs & NOTAMs: http: //reg. bom. gov. au/reguser/by_prod/aviation/ http: //www. airservices. gov. au/brief/html. asp? /cgi-bin/avreq? area=30 ABF: http: //abf. net. au/links. htm http: //www. abf. net. au/SZ. htm Maps: http: //www. melbmap. com. au Safety Through Information presentation http: //www. ga. gov. au/mapconnect/ (free!) by Grant Mc. Herron 8

It's all Geek to me! How to read a TAF • AIP GEN 3. It's all Geek to me! How to read a TAF • AIP GEN 3. 5 - 25 • http: //www. canberragliding. org/jforum/posts/list/73. page Decoding NOTAMs • http: //www. flyingineurope. be/notam_decode. htm • Understanding NOTAMs - Part 1 & Part 2 o http: //bathursted. ccnb. ca/vatcan/fir/moncton/Weekly. Topics/Archives/20 040404/Current. Topic. html o http: //bathursted. ccnb. ca/vatcan/fir/moncton/Weekly. Topics/Archives/20 040411/Current. Topic. html VFR Guide: • http: //www. casa. gov. au/scripts/nc. dll? WCMS: STANDARD: : pc=PC_90008 Airspace Regulations Summary • http: //www. recreationalflying. net/tutorials/navigation/airspace. html Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 9

Flying Somewhere New? • Look for charts (aviation & topographical) - start assessing airspace Flying Somewhere New? • Look for charts (aviation & topographical) - start assessing airspace boundaires, what airports/airstrips/ALAs are in the area, what Area Forecast zone is it in • Go to the ABF site and start checking for PZs, SZs & Hazards • Use the ABF member directory to find people in the area and CALL THEM to learn which land holders can be relied on for launch/landing plus any transient or seasonal problems that may not be on the ABF site (crops being sown/harvested, livestock, etc) • Check ERSA entries for all airports in the area • Start building up a mental image of the 3 D picture of the space you'll be flying in (landscape, boundaries, hazards, etc) and do some "what if" thinking of how you'd fly for various wind conditions - what you'd watch out for, etc. • Mark up your maps & reference cards (cheat sheets) with information so it's Safety Through Information presentation 10 easy to find all you need when you're in the air by Grant Mc. Herron

A Few Days Before • Watch the weather forecasts, synoptic charts & trends • A Few Days Before • Watch the weather forecasts, synoptic charts & trends • Check for NOTAMs • Check ABF site again and give balloonists with local knowledge a call Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 11

Let's go fly near Mildura • Check out the ABF site for info about Let's go fly near Mildura • Check out the ABF site for info about the area • Look at the Planning Chart of Australia - find it's in area 30 & on WAC 3458 • Get the maps for the area (WAC, ERC LOW #2, VICMAP topographicals - Meringur & Merrinee) • Look up Mildura in the ERSA to get code (YMIA), frequencies & notes • Look up Air. Services web site for TAF/METAR and NOTAM info • Start reading/viewing & thinking Safety Through Information presentation 12 • Get ABF member directory and start finding people in Mildura to call by Grant Mc. Herron

Here's a TAF/METAR MILDURA (YMIA) RAIM GPS RAIM PREDICTION 151401 YMIA TSO-C 129 (AND Here's a TAF/METAR MILDURA (YMIA) RAIM GPS RAIM PREDICTION 151401 YMIA TSO-C 129 (AND EQUIVALENT) FAULT DETECTION NO GPS RAIM FD OUTAGES FOR NPA TSO-C 146 A (AND EQUIVALENT) FAULT DETECTION NO GPS RAIM FD OUTAGES FOR NPA FAULT DETECTION AND EXCLUSION 10160308 TIL 10160337 10161007 TIL 10161036 TIL 10161053 10170306 TIL 10170333 10171003 TIL 10171011 10171032 TIL 10171049 10180305 TIL 10180329 10180959 TIL 10181007 10181028 TIL 10181045 GPS RAIM FDE UNAVBL FOR NPA METAR YMIA 152000 Z 27007 KT CAVOK 06/05 Q 1012 RMK RF 00. 0/009. 4 TAF AMD YMIA 151626 Z 1518/1612 24012 KT 9999 FEW 035 SCT 060 FM 152300 21017 G 30 KT 9999 LIGHT SHOWERS OF RAIN FEW 035 BKN 045 FM 160800 22010 KT 9999 SCT 045 RMK FM 151800 MOD TURB BLW 5000 FT TILL 160800 T 05 06 11 15 Q 1010 1013 1014 Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 13

Here's some NOTAMS MILDURA (YMIA) C 0048/09 RWY 18/36 DECLARED DISTANCE CHANGES RWY ASDA Here's some NOTAMS MILDURA (YMIA) C 0048/09 RWY 18/36 DECLARED DISTANCE CHANGES RWY ASDA 18 1139 36 1139 FROM 09 140455 TO PERM C 0022/10 RWY DECLARED DIST AND GRADIENT CHANGES: RWY TODA 09 1950(2. 18) 27 1980(1. 62) RWY 09/27 TRANSITION SFC INFRINGED. 18 36 1199(2. 36) 1199(2. 39) SUPPLEMENTARY TKOF DIST: RWY 09 1857(1. 6) 1912(1. 9) RWY 27 1970(1. 6) RWY 18 1015(1. 6) 1127(1. 9) 1178(2. 2) RWY 36 1007(1. 6) 1107(1. 9) 1168(2. 2 FROM 08 061142 TO PERM C 0024/10 NDB MIA FREQ 272 PILOT MONITORED FROM 08 270000 TO 11 260700 EST Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 14

Be Willing to help • Provide information to the ABF so the website can Be Willing to help • Provide information to the ABF so the website can be updated o PZs, SZs, hazards, etc o Help make that section of the site something of benefit to all of us • Be available for calls from other balloonatics who are going to fly in your area • Online forums (downwind. com. au? Aunty Monkey? ) • Social experiences with other pilots ("Hangar flying") Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 15

It's all about Airmanship Somehow ‘airmanship’, which is not just flying, but is everything It's all about Airmanship Somehow ‘airmanship’, which is not just flying, but is everything flying means, is a very neglected subject … If only young pilots would forget that a ‘joy stick’ is in many ways only a secondary consideration, that ‘circuits and landings’ do not make a pilot, that they never will learn all that the air can teach them, and that advice from old hands should never be disregarded – well, lots of young pilots would still be pilots! Captain Travis W. Shortridge "Blind & Bad Weather Flying" Slipstream Magazine, 1930 (pilot of the ill-fated Southern Cloud) Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 16

Thanks for making it to the end Grant Mc. Herron mcherron@gmail. com 0422 914 Thanks for making it to the end Grant Mc. Herron [email protected] com 0422 914 949 www. flymefriendly. com www. planecrazydownunder. com Safety Through Information presentation by Grant Mc. Herron 17