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Saemoonan English Bible Study 2010 -10 -17 By Changjoon Justin Lee [email protected] re. kr 010 -2825 -7128 http: //niv. saemoonan. org
Time table • • 8: 20 Gospel singing 8: 30 Opening Prayer 8: 35 Scripture reading 9: 05 Memorize verse 9: 10 Phrase exercise 9: 20 Alphabet pronunciation 9. 25 Announcement 9: 28 Closing prayer
Purpose of English Bible Study • Study the Bible in English. • Study English through the Bible. Focus on; • Proper pronunciation • Scripture reading/comprehension • Listening/speaking
Today’s Announcements • Today Saemoonan English Ministry is having a special worship and fellowship at 11: 20 AM. • Mr. and Mrs. Hicks will be returning to USA on Dec. 18 th. • Next week’s Elliot Lee. Next next week by Kye Hee Lee. • Please attend English Worship Service at 11: 30 AM ~12: 30, in the same room as NIV class.
Today’s New Members
Apostle’s Creed I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hell, The third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit; The Holy Catholic Church; The communion of saints; The forgiveness of sins; The resurrection of the body; And the life everlasting. Amen
Today’s Psalm Reading by Dongmin Kim Psalms 4 1 Answer me when I call to you, O my righteous God. Give me relief from my distress; be merciful to me and hear my prayer. 2 How long, O men, will you turn my glory into shame? How long will you love delusions and seek false gods? Selah 3 Know that the LORD has set apart the godly for himself; the LORD will hear when I call to him. 4 In your anger do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your hearts and be silent. Selah 5 Offer right sacrifices and trust in the LORD. 6 Many are asking, 'Who can show us any good? ' Let the light of your face shine upon us, O LORD. 7 You have filled my heart with greater joy than when their grain and new wine abound. 8 I will lie down and sleep in peace, for you alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety.
Today’s Prayer by Dongmin Kim
Acts Chapter 2 1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. 5 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6 When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7 Utterly amazed, they asked: 'Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans?
Acts Chapter 2 8 Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language? 9 Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs-we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!' 12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, 'What does this mean? ' 13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, 'They have had too much wine. ' 14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: 'Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.
Acts Chapter 2 15 These men are not drunk, as you suppose. It's only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17 " 'In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dreams. 18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. 19 I will show wonders in the heaven above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and billows of smoke. 20 The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord. 21 And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. ’
Acts Chapter 2 22 'Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as yourselves know. 23 This man was handed over to you by God's set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. 24 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. 25 David said about him: " 'I saw the Lord always before me. Because he is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. 26 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will live in hope,
Acts Chapter 2 27 because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay. 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence. ' 29 'Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. 32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. 33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.
Acts Chapter 2 34 For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said, " 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet. " ' 36 'Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ. ' 37 When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, 'Brothers, what shall we do? ' 38 Peter replied, 'Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off-for all whom the Lord our God will call. ' 40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, 'Save yourselves from this corrupt generation. ’
Acts Chapter 2 41 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day. 42 They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 43 Everyone was filled with awe, and many wonders and miraculous signs were done by the apostles. 44 All the believers were together and had everything in common. 45 Selling their possessions and goods, they gave to anyone as he had need. 46 Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, 47 praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.
The Baptism of the Holy Spirit Acts 2: 1 – 13 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. (Acts 2: 1 -4)
Introduction • Acts Chapter 2 marks a turning point in the history of God’s kingdom – the church is born! Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Disciples to wait for Holy Spirit comes Disciples were equipped Disciples were empowered Disciples were held back Disciples were sent forth Jesus Christ ascended Holy Spirit descended • Jesus Christ’s promises (Acts 1: 5 & 8) are fulfilled – the Father sent the Holy Spirit
Introduction • The coming of the Spirit marks the beginning of the church age – “Church” translates ekklesia; which means “called out ones” • The church is the body of Christ (Col. 1: 24) – Within the body there is unity (Rom. 8: 9) • All are indwelt by Jesus Christ • All possess the same Spirit – Paul wrote: “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. ” (Gal. 3: 28)
Overview • Acts 2: 1 – 13 describes the birth of the church by the coming of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost – Evidence of the Spirit’s coming (Acts 2: 1 -4) – Effect of the Spirit’s coming (Acts 2: 5 -11) – Explanation of the Spirit’s coming (Acts 2: 12 -13)
The Evidence of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 1 -4) When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. (Acts 2: 1 -4) • Pentecost means “fiftieth” – New Testament name for the Feast of Weeks or Harvest – Celebrated 50 days after Passover • Believers were all together in one place – Probably same upper room described in Acts 1: 13 where they gathered following Jesus’ ascension
The Evidence of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 1 -4) • Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven – Suddenly emphasizes the element of surprise • Knew the Spirit’s coming was imminent • They were still caught by surprise by sensory elements • Same will be true with Jesus returns to earth – He will come unexpectedly and people will be caught by surprise – The sound. . . came from heaven • Supernatural in nature • Like the blowing of a violent wind. . . but it was not the wind • And filled the whole house where they were sitting – Only those in the house received the Holy Spirit – People outside heard the sound, but the Spirit only filled the whole house not outside as well
The Evidence of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 1 -4) • First came the sound; then came the visual manifestation of the Spirit – They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them • No actual flames of literal fire • Simile – compared the unknown visual manifestation of the Spirit with the known image of fire – The tongues of fire. . . came to rest on each of them • All who were present received the Spirit at that moment • Uniform, sovereign work of God on all collectively; not something sought individually – All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit • By the baptism with the Spirit, they were all made into one spiritual body – the body of Christ
The Evidence of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 1 -4) • After being filled with the Holy Spirit, they began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them – Tongues spoken were known languages – Speaking in various languages showed that Jews, Gentiles, and Samaritans were all equal in the church (Acts 15: 8 -9) • They spoke as the Spirit enabled them – Spirit was in total control of the situation – Believers simply received what the Spirit gave them • Evidence of the Spirit’s coming was unmistakable – Manifested His presence in the ears (sound), eyes (images), and mouths (speaking in tongues) of the believers
The Effect of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 5 -11) Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. Utterly amazed, they asked: “Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language? Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Eqypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs – we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” (Acts 2: 5 -11) • Pentecost was one of three major feasts of the Jewish calendar – All Hebrew males were expected to celebrate it in Jerusalem – There were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven
The Effect of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 5 -11) • When they heard this sound a crowd came together – The sound from heaven like the blowing of a violent wind – Not the believers speaking in tongues – Gathered near the source of the sound – the house with the upper room where the believers were gathered • What they found when they arrived bewildered them – Each one heard the believers speaking in his own native language – “Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? – Rural Galileans were considered ignorant and uneducated
The Effect of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 5 -11) • “Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language? ” • Who were there? Ø Parthians Ø Medes Ø Elamites Ø Residents of Mesopotamia Ø Judea Ø Cappodocia Ø Pontus and Asia Ø Phrygia Ø Pamphylia Ø Eqypt Ø Parts of Libya near Cyrene Ø Visitors from Rome Ø Cretans Ø Arabs • What were they saying? – Declaring the wonders of God
Nations at Pentecost
Explanation of the Spirit’s Coming (vv. 12 -13) Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean? ” Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine. ” (Acts 2: 12 -13) • Some accepted. . . some rejected • Those who accepted it continued to be amazed and perplexed – “What does this mean? ” – They would soon understand when Peter proclaimed the gospel in his sermon • Those who rejected said – “They have had too much wine. ” – Like the Pharisees who heard Jesus and saw his miracles, but concluded He was of the devil (Matt. 12: 24)
Conclusion • The skepticism shown by some would harden into strong opposition toward the message and the messengers • No amount of opposition could stop the work of God that began at Pentecost • The church had been born!!
This Week’s Verse • Then they prayed, “Lord, you know everyone’s heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen to take over the apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs. ” Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven disciples. (Acts 1: 24 -26)
Next Week’s Verse When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. (Acts 2: 1 -4)
Today’s phrase • Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias. • Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to ______. • Utterly amazed, they asked: ‘Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? ’ • Utterly amazed, they asked: ‘__________? ’
This Week’s Conversation A: The birth of church starts from the Pentecost with 12 disciples. B: Wasn’t there only 11 disciples with Judas’ absence? A: You’re absolutely correct. That’s why they had to cast lots to select Matthias to replace Judas. B: That’s brilliant!
Next Week’s Conversation A: The coming of Holy Spirit during Pentecost was so obvious. I wish I was there to witness. B: Me too. It must’ve been awesome to see Christians receiving Holy Spirit and speaking in tongues. A: Well, this happens now, too. I see some people speaking in tongues in churches. B: That’s true. You can certainly see Holy Spirit working within and around you.
Today’s pop quiz Which one of the following was not the evidence of Holy Spirit’s coming during the Pentecost ? 1. Heard a loud sound. 2. Started speaking in tongues. 3. Started drkinking wine 4. Received tongues of fire.
An introduction to American Intonation • Intonation in American English is the rise and fall of pitch in order to convey a range of meanings, emotions or situations. • New Information - nouns get the first emphasis. – Dogs eat bones. – They eat them. • Phrasing – – – Statement: Dogs eat bones. First half, second half: Dogs eat bones, but cats eat fish. Intro phrase: As we all know, dogs eat bones. Listing: Dogs eat bones, kibbles and meat. Question: Do dogs eat bones? Repeated Question: Do dogs eat bones? !
American Intonation: Compound Nouns • adjective with noun: stress • Practice these. the noun • It's a pot. – a nice guy – a big house – a good idea • A compound noun : stress the first word – a hot dog – a notebook – a picture frame • This explains why we say: – He lives in a white house. – He lives in the White House. It's new. It's a new pot. It's brand new. It's a brand new pot. It's a tea pot. It's a new tea pot. It's a brand new tea pot. It's a tea pot lid. It's a new tea pot lid. It's a brand new tea pot lid.
American Intonation: Complex tenses • Simple and complex tenses have the same intonation pattern – Simple tense: Dogs eat bones. [däg zeet bounz] – Complex tense: The dogs will have eaten the bones. [the däg z'l'veetn the bounz] • Pronoun-Verb-Pronoun sentence : same intonation pattern – Simple tense: They eat them. [they ee d'm. ] – Complex tense: They will have eaten them. [they l'v ee(t)n'm. ]
American Intonation: Liaisons • • • In American English, words are not pronounced one by one. Usually, the end of one word attaches to the beginning of the next word. This is also true for initials, numbers, and spelling. Part of the glue that connects sentences is an underlying hum or drone that only breaks when you come to a period. Once you have a strong intonation, you need to connect all those stairsteps together so that each sentence sounds like one long word. The dime easier. They tell me the dime easier to understand. They tell me that I'm easier to understand. • • The last two sentences above should be pronounced exactly the same, no matter how they are written. It is the sound that is important, not the spelling.
Liaisons: Consonant and Vowel • Words are connected when a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word starts with a vowel sound, including the semivowels W, Y and R. • You also use liaisons in spelling and numbers.
Liasons: Consonant and Consonant • Words are connected when a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word starts with a consonant that is in a similar position. • For example, if a word ends with a letter from the Behind Teeth category and the next word starts with a letter from that same category, these words are going to naturally join together. This is the same for Lips and Throat.
Liaisons: Vowel and Vowel • When a word ending in a vowel sound is next to one beginning with a vowel sound, they are connected with a glide between the two vowels. • A glide is either a slight [y] sound or a slight [w] sound. The position your lips are in will dictate either [y] or [w]. For example, if a word ends in [o], your lips are going to be in the forward position, so a [w] quite naturally leads into the next vowel sound: [Go(w)away]. After a long [e] sound, you lips will be pulled back far enough to create a [y] glide or liaison: [I(y)also need the(y)other one]. Don't force this sound too much, though. It's not a strong pushing sound. • • •
Liaisons: T, D, S or Z + Y • • When the letter or sound of T, D, S or Z is followed by a word that starts with Y, or its sound, both sounds are connected. They form a combination that changes the pronunciation.
American Intonation: Contrast • Once the intonation of new information is established, you'll soon notice that there is a pattern that breaks that flow. When you want to emphasize one thing over another, you reflect this contrast with pitch change. Notice how the intonation indicates contrast: – Bob studies English, but he doesn't use it. • If a person consistently stresses "contrast words" as opposed to "new information words", he can end up sounding permanently argumentative: – I said it is good. – He doesn't like it. – Where are you going? • Additionally, mixed messages occur when modals or verbs of perception are stressed -- you end up with the opposite meaning! – People should exercise more, but. . . – They would help us, if. . . – It looks like Chanel, but at that price, it's a knock-off. – He seems like a nice guy, but once you get to know him. . .
American Intonation: Meaning • A good exercise to demonstrate the variety of meaning through intonation changes is to take a single sentence, try stressing each word in turn, and see the totally different meanings that come out. – 1. I didn't say he stole the money. 2. I didn't say he stole the money. 3. I didn't say he stole the money. 4. I didn't say he stole the money. 5. I didn't say he stole the money. 6. I didn't say he stole the money. 7. I didn't say he stole the money. • Once you are clear on the intonation changes in the seven sentences, you can add context words to clarify the meaning: – 1. I didn't say he stole the money, someone else said it. 2. I didn't say he stole the money, that's not true at all. 3. I didn't say he stole the money, I only suggested the possibility. 4. I didn't say he stole the money, I think someone else took it. 5. I didn't say he stole the money, maybe he just borrowed it. 6. I didn't say he stole the money, but rather some other money. 7. I didn't say he stole the money, he may have taken some jewelry.
American Intonation: Pronunciation • Intonation and pronunciation have two areas of overlap. • First is the pronunciation of the letter T. When a T is at the beginning of a word (such as table, ten, take), it is a clear sharp sound. • It is also clear in combination with certain other letters, (contract, contain, etc. ) • When T is in the middle of a word (or in an unstressed position), it turns into a softer D sound. – Betty bought a bit of better butter. – Beddy bada bida bedder budder. • It is this intonation/pronunciation shift that accounts for the difference between photography (pho. TAgraphy) and photograph (PHOdagraph).
American Intonation: Mood & Personality • • This is an extremely important aspect of intonation, as it goes beyond what you are trying to say--it dictates how your listener will relate to you as an individual--if you will be considered charming or rude, confident or nervous, informed or unfamiliar. An extremely important part of intonation is inside a one-syllable word. Intonation in a one-syllable word? Isn't that a contradiction in terms? No, we put in little sounds that are not in the written language, but that convey a great deal of information in terms of who we are. When we contrast two similar words, one ending with a voiced consonant (d, z, g, v, b) and the other with an unvoiced consonant (t, s, k, f, p), you will hear the difference in the preceding vowel, specifically in the length or duration of that vowel. Simply put, words that end in a voiced consonant have a doubled vowel sound. For example, if you say bit, it is a quick, sharp sound--a single musical note. If you say bid, however, the word is stretched out, it has two musical notes, the first one higher than the second, bi-id.
The Lord’s Prayer Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be your name, your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. for yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen. (Matthew 6: 9 -13)
Today’s Prayer Topic • This week’s Prayer Topic – Be the 13 th Apostle of Jesus and testify His resurrection and serve Him.
God will make a way Where there seems to be no way He works in ways we cannot see He will make a way for me He will be my guide Hold me closely to His side With love and strength for each new day He will make a way. . He will make a way