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RUSSIA`S AND TURKEY`S RELATIONS IN ENERGY SPHERE AFTER BREAKING OF UKRAINIAN CONFLICT DONE BY: RUSSIA`S AND TURKEY`S RELATIONS IN ENERGY SPHERE AFTER BREAKING OF UKRAINIAN CONFLICT DONE BY: BEGEZHANOVA ASSEM ALMATY 2015

HOW SERIOUS FACTOR IN THE RAPPROCHEMENT WITH RUSSIA IS TURKEY'S ENERGY DEPENDENCE? - TURKEY HOW SERIOUS FACTOR IN THE RAPPROCHEMENT WITH RUSSIA IS TURKEY'S ENERGY DEPENDENCE? - TURKEY IMPORTS NATURAL GAS BOTH THROUGH THE GAS PIPELINE THAT RUNS THROUGH UKRAINE, MOLDOVA, ROMANIA AND BULGARIA TO TURKEY, AND THROUGH THE "BLUE STREAM" UNDER THE BLACK SEA. RUSSIAN GAS IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THE ENERGY SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY. OF COURSE, TURKEY IS TAKING STEPS TO DIVERSIFY ENERGY SUPPLY. IT IS PLANNED THAT WILL BE LAUNCHED TRANSANATOLIYSKIYGAZOPROVOD, WHICH WILL TRANSPORT AZERBAIJANI GAS TO EUROPE VIA TURKEY IS ALSO BUILDING LNG TERMINALS TO RECEIVE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS, THERE IS A LARGE-SCALE PROGRAM OF ITS OWN PRODUCTION OF NATURAL GAS, AND IN 2015 PLANNED PRODUCTION OF SHALE GAS. BUT AT THE MOMENT, TURKEY IS STILL ENERGY DEPENDENCE ON RUSSIA, BUT IT IS NOT THE ONLY FACTOR THAT MAKES TURKEY TO ABANDON THE US AND EU SANCTIONS AGAINST RUSSIA AND ITS OWN POLICY. RUSSIA - A MAJOR TRADE PARTNER FOR TURKEY IN TERMS OF TRADE. LOSING SUCH A MARKET CAN NOT BE THE TURKS. TURKISH CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES RECEIVE LARGE ORDERS IN RUSSIA, FOR EXAMPLE, THEY BUILT THE OLYMPIC COMPLEX IN SOCHI. RUSSIAN TOURISTS - A HUGE SOURCE OF INCOME FOR THE TURKISH ECONOMY. RUSSIA IS BUILDING TURKEY'S FIRST NUCLEAR REACTOR. ALL THESE FACTORS INDICATE THAT TURKEY WILL NOT ONLY WILL NOT IMPOSE SANCTIONS AGAINST RUSSIA, AND EVEN TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THIS SITUATION TO THEIR ADVANTAGE.

 • THE STATE VISIT OF PRESIDENT VV PUTIN TO ANKARA, DECEMBER 1, 2014 • THE STATE VISIT OF PRESIDENT VV PUTIN TO ANKARA, DECEMBER 1, 2014 IS THE NEW TESTAMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS IN RECENT YEARS. MOSCOW AND ANKARA HAVE CONFIRMED THE POLITICAL WILL TO DEEPEN COOPERATION, WHICH IS BASED ON OBJECTIVE ECONOMIC AND GEOPOLITICAL INTERESTS.

The meeting resulted in signing of a package of documents, most of which concerns The meeting resulted in signing of a package of documents, most of which concerns the expansion of bilateral cooperation in trade, economic and energy spheres. The nuclear industry, support for small and medium-sized enterprises, energy, investment, expansion of trade in national currencies, social security and employment, the fight against crime - perhaps not all, of the agreements reached are a breakthrough, but the systematic diversification of Russian-Turkish cooperation itself is an indication that the parties consider each other as long-term partners.

 • RUSSIA MAY HELP TURKEY TO CREATE ITS OWN NUCLEAR INDUSTRY (WHICH HAS • RUSSIA MAY HELP TURKEY TO CREATE ITS OWN NUCLEAR INDUSTRY (WHICH HAS LONG SOUGHT TO ANKARA), AND NOT JUST TO BUILD A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT IN AKKUYU TURKEY (THOUGH IN ITSELF THIS PROJECT IS FUNDAMENTAL). IN THIS REGARD, IT PLANS TO EXPAND COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF TRAINING IN RUSSIA TURKISH PERSONNEL FOR THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY AND RELATED INDUSTRIES.

 • TWO • TWO "GAS STATEMENTS" V. PUTIN IN TURKEY CAUSED A STRONG REACTION IN THE RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN MEDIA.

 • IN THE FIRST STATED THAT DUE TO LACK OF PERMISSION FROM THE • IN THE FIRST STATED THAT DUE TO LACK OF PERMISSION FROM THE BULGARIAN RUSSIA SUSPENDS THE PROJECT "SOUTH STREAM" (THE RUSSIAN PIPELINE, WHICH SHOULD PASS UNDER THE BLACK SEA THROUGH TURKEY'S EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE AND GO TO EUROPE THROUGH BULGARIA). ACTIONS BULGARIAN EXPLAINS THE PRESSURE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, THE EU MEMBER STATES TO PUSH FOR ANTI-RUSSIAN STEPS.

 • IN THE SECOND STATEMENT, IT WAS REPORTED THAT MOSCOW IS READY TO • IN THE SECOND STATEMENT, IT WAS REPORTED THAT MOSCOW IS READY TO BUILD ANOTHER PIPELINE SYSTEM THROUGH WHICH RUSSIAN GAS WILL GO TO TURKEY AND TO THE CREATION OF THE TURKISH TERRITORY "GAS HUB" FOR CUSTOMERS IN SOUTHERN EUROPE.

 • AN IMPORTANT EVENT FOR THE RUSSIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS WAS AGREED TO INCREASE BY • AN IMPORTANT EVENT FOR THE RUSSIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS WAS AGREED TO INCREASE BY 3 BILLION. CUBIC METERS OF THE VOLUME OF DELIVERIES OF RUSSIAN GAS TO TURKEY VIA THE PIPELINE "BLUE STREAM". ANKARA IS NOT AFRAID OF "GAS DEPENDENCE" FROM MOSCOW, WHICH HAS REPEATEDLY PROVEN TO BE A RELIABLE AND RESPONSIBLE PARTNER.

 • AT THE SAME TIME RUSSIA IS READY TO REDUCE THE PRICE FOR • AT THE SAME TIME RUSSIA IS READY TO REDUCE THE PRICE FOR THE SUPPLIED NATURAL GAS TO TURKEY BY SIX PERCENT SINCE THE BEGINNING OF 2015 IS A STEP TOWARDS THE TURKISH SIDE, AND REFLECTS AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE DIFFICULTIES FACED BY THE GROWING TURKISH ECONOMY IS ALMOST ENTIRELY DEPENDENT ON ENERGY IMPORTS, THE PAYMENT OF WHICH IS A SIGNIFICANT FINANCIAL BURDEN.

 • GEOPOLITICAL PRIORITIES OF MOSCOW AND ANKARA ARE LINKED TO THE MAINTENANCE OF • GEOPOLITICAL PRIORITIES OF MOSCOW AND ANKARA ARE LINKED TO THE MAINTENANCE OF STABILITY IN THE BLACK SEA-CASPIAN REGION ON THE BASIS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN RUSSIA AND TURKEY. THE LOGIC OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN-TURKISH COOPERATION IN THE BLACK SEA HAS BEEN BUILT AROUND THE PROBLEM OF NON-MILITARY AND POLITICAL DOMINANCE THERE OF EXTRA-REGIONAL COUNTRIES. IN THIS SENSE, THE DIRECT INTERVENTION OF THE WEST IN THE UKRAINIAN CONFLICT THREATENS THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF NOT ONLY RUSSIA, BUT ALSO TURKEY.

 • CURRENT REGIONAL ISSUES DISCUSSED DURING THE BILATERAL MEETING BETWEEN THE PRESIDENTS OF • CURRENT REGIONAL ISSUES DISCUSSED DURING THE BILATERAL MEETING BETWEEN THE PRESIDENTS OF RUSSIA AND TURKEY - THE SITUATION IN SYRIA, THE EVENTS IN IRAQ, THE IRANIAN ISSUE, THE SITUATION OF THE CRIMEAN TATARS AND THE CRISIS IN UKRAINE.

 • THE APPROACHES OF THE PARTIES TO A NUMBER OF ISSUES CONTINUE TO • THE APPROACHES OF THE PARTIES TO A NUMBER OF ISSUES CONTINUE TO WEAR MISMATCHED CHARACTER, BUT AFTER THE MEETING THE TWO PRESIDENTS NOTED THE MUTUAL TRUST UNDERLYING THE RUSSO-TURKISH RELATIONS AND EXPRESSED THEIR INTENTION TO TAKE JOINT STEPS TO RESOLVE INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS AND THE CONFIDENCE THAT THE DEEPENING COOPERATION BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES IS NECESSARY FOR REGIONAL STABILIZATION.

 • IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL INSTABILITY MUTUAL INTEREST OF RUSSIA AND TURKEY • IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL INSTABILITY MUTUAL INTEREST OF RUSSIA AND TURKEY IN THE PARTNERSHIP HAS ONLY GROWN. THIS IS EVIDENCED BY THE FACT THAT A FEW DAYS BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE RUSSIAN PRESIDENT TO ANKARA AT THE INITIATIVE OF THE TURKISH SIDE OF THE STATUS OF THE VISIT HAS BEEN PROMOTED TO THE HIGHEST LEVEL - THE STATE. IT SEEMS THAT THIS IS NOT JUST A FRIENDLY GESTURE ON THE PART OF THE TURKISH LEADERSHIP TO THE RUSSIAN PARTNERS, BUT ALSO A SIGNAL OF SOME WESTERN COUNTRIES, NOT SO LONG AGO WERE DISCUSSING WHETHER TO INVITE THE RUSSIAN PRESIDENT TO THE SUMMIT BIG TWENTY. THIS ALLOWS RECENTLY ASSUMED THE PRESIDENCY RT ERDOGAN TO DECLARE ITS INTENTION TO ACT INDEPENDENTLY OF THE WEST ON THE NATIONAL INTERESTS OF TURKEY.