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Role of NSOs in climate info for health: producers and users perspective Rifat Hossain Role of NSOs in climate info for health: producers and users perspective Rifat Hossain Lead Global Information Management System on Environment and Health 1| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Reflections l Concerns and challenges l What's measured and what's not l MDG and Reflections l Concerns and challenges l What's measured and what's not l MDG and beyond l GEO/GEOSS and GFCS l Using CC info in health l Role of NSOs 2| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva 2

Diarrhoea: a leading cause of death Others 16% Measles 1% HIV/AIDS 2% Neonatal 41% Diarrhoea: a leading cause of death Others 16% Measles 1% HIV/AIDS 2% Neonatal 41% Injuries 3% Malaria 8% Diarrhoea 14% Pneumonia 14% l Nearly 800 million without potable water, billions without safe water l 2. 5 without proper sanitation, 1. 1 billion defecate in open l Worse under climate change scenarios, but how much? 3| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

What is measured and what not? All water sources Good quality Sufficient quantity 4| What is measured and what not? All water sources Good quality Sufficient quantity 4| Improved sources (measured) Affordable Climate resilient Piped/household connection MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva Sustainable

MDG target + Indicators MDG 7 Target 7 c: l Halve, by 2015, the MDG target + Indicators MDG 7 Target 7 c: l Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Indicator to monitor (proxy for access to safe drinking-water): l Proportion of the population that uses an improved drinking-water source (urban + rural) Is MSG under threat due to climate change…by how much? Post-2015 work: www. wssinfo. org 5| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

WQ monitoring…impact of CC? 6| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND WQ monitoring…impact of CC? 6| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Going beyond MDG monitoring Technology Forecasts of water and sanitation coverage in 2020 Vulnerability Going beyond MDG monitoring Technology Forecasts of water and sanitation coverage in 2020 Vulnerability Adaptability Literature review Interviews and questionnaire Vulnerability fact sheets Analysis of water supply and sanitation facility resilience 7| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Water-Health sector: Climate knowledge gap l How much climate change affects MDG/access? l How Water-Health sector: Climate knowledge gap l How much climate change affects MDG/access? l How much climate variability affects access? l How climate change/variability affect water quality/quantity? – Weak monitoring of water quality and related health outcomes l Can we handle/mitigate climate impacts? l What's the public health fallout of climate change? Many initiatives are on, but fragmentation and knowledge gap makes effective policy formulation difficult 8| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

The Earth is a system of systems 9| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS The Earth is a system of systems 9| MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

GEO/GEOSS, GFCS • GEO: Established 2005, Non-juridical, voluntary, flexible • 2002 WSSD, EO Summits, GEO/GEOSS, GFCS • GEO: Established 2005, Non-juridical, voluntary, flexible • 2002 WSSD, EO Summits, G 8 • 88 Members (governments and EC), 64 Organizations • 2012 – 2015 Work Plan with 26 Tasks • Plenary, Committees, Secretariat, etc. • Sustaining GEOSS post-2015 • GFCS: Born out of 3 rd World Climate Conference • • 10 | UN system to coordinate climate services User Interface Platform: • Priority areas: agriculture, health, water and disasters MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Global risk assessment: GEO meets GFCS Launched at WMO special congress: http: //www. wmo. Global risk assessment: GEO meets GFCS Launched at WMO special congress: http: //www. wmo. int/pages/index_en. html 11 | MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Operationalizing environmental health: Cholera Early Warning 12 | MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS Operationalizing environmental health: Cholera Early Warning 12 | MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Combining Earth Observations data INPUT LAYERS: COMBINED OUTPUT LAYERS: (a) Digital Elevation Model (DEM): Combining Earth Observations data INPUT LAYERS: COMBINED OUTPUT LAYERS: (a) Digital Elevation Model (DEM): Worldwide coverage from NASA’s ASTER mission with 30 -meter resolution. (a) (b) Water Resource Map: Aquifer yield data from multiple sources. (b) (c) Improved water source location: Location of wells continually updated with new water projects via interactive Web 2. 0 application. (d) Land. Scan Population Database: commercially available 1 -kilometer population database updated yearly (http: //www. ornl. gov/sci/landscan_data_avail. shtml). 13 | (c) (d) Water accessibility: (combination of layers ‘a’ and ‘d’) Access measured in amount of energy per capita (calories) needed to collect water, highlighting access limitations due to terrain. Also shows populations living on marginal land without water access. Water resources person: (combination of layers ‘b’ and ‘d’) Determines whether underlying water resources (aquifer yield) can meet demand of overlying population based on 50 liters person per day. Areas with improved water access: (combination of layers ‘c’ and ‘d’) Displays 1 -km Land. Scan areas that have achieved water access per guidelines, i. e. at least one access point per 1 -sq. km MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

Role of NSOs in health etc. l Sources of data – Satellite, in-situ, other Role of NSOs in health etc. l Sources of data – Satellite, in-situ, other data: role of NSOs? – Interoperability and dynamic linking? • Global Information Management System on Environment and Health (GIMS) l Use and sharing of data – Collaboration and buy-in by the governments l Role of NSOs in CC info for health: – Population statistics: but not sufficient – Overlaying for socio-economic impact: do NSOs have data of right resolution? 14 | MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva

THANK YOU For further information: Rifat HOSSAIN Email: hossainr@who. int GFCS 15 | MEETING THANK YOU For further information: Rifat HOSSAIN Email: [email protected] int GFCS 15 | MEETING ON CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED STATISTICS FOR PRODUCERS AND USERS 19 November, Palais des Nations, UNECE, Geneva