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Review of the regulation of taxis and PHVs Jessica Uguccioni LGA Forum 20 December Review of the regulation of taxis and PHVs Jessica Uguccioni LGA Forum 20 December 2011

The Law Commission v Independent body created by statute v Responsible for systematic development The Law Commission v Independent body created by statute v Responsible for systematic development and reform of law in England Wales v Law Commission Act 2009 procedure and high proportion of reports being implemented v Currently on our 11 th programme of law reform

The taxi and PHV project Adult Social Care Project A project to review and The taxi and PHV project Adult Social Care Project A project to review and reform the UK law relating to taxis and private hire vehicles in England Wales Suggested by the Department for Transport

Outline of project Stage 1: Pre consultation Stage 2: Public Consultation April 2012 Publication Outline of project Stage 1: Pre consultation Stage 2: Public Consultation April 2012 Publication of consultation paper May - July 2012 3 month public consultation Stage 3: Draft Bill and report Publication November 2013 Legislation before the end of the current Parliament?

Aims for Taxis/PHVs 2. The process for assessment v “Deregulation” in terms of reference Aims for Taxis/PHVs 2. The process for assessment v “Deregulation” in terms of reference v Public safety v Consumer choice and consumer protection v Accessibility: disabilities and rural areas v Maintaining a sustainable industry v Clarity: avoid litigation and chilling effects

Methodology of our review v Understanding the trades in practice v Review of existing Methodology of our review v Understanding the trades in practice v Review of existing legislation v Re-structuring: fragmented legislation and development of coherent policy

Preliminary preference: reformed 2. The process for assessment two tier system v Common issues: Preliminary preference: reformed 2. The process for assessment two tier system v Common issues: safety v National mandatory standards for PHVs; local minimum standards for taxis v National driver training with some local variation (eg topographical knowledge) v Administration and Enforcement would remain with licensing authorities

One/Two tier system 2. The process for assessment v Key advantages to reformed 2 One/Two tier system 2. The process for assessment v Key advantages to reformed 2 tier v Fare regulation v Disability policies v Local standards for taxi fleets v Key disadvantages to reformed 2 tier v Lack of provision for late nights v Technology eroding pre-booked and instant hire?

Alternative one tier system 2. The process for assessment v All taxis with local Alternative one tier system 2. The process for assessment v All taxis with local standard-setting v Some ranks for disabled access vehicles v Key advantages v v Increased provision (nights) v v Corresponds with public perception New booking technologies Key disadvantages v Fare regulation v Disabilities

Enforcement & licensing v Cross-border & operating areas v Enforcement powers v Operator licensing Enforcement & licensing v Cross-border & operating areas v Enforcement powers v Operator licensing v Conditions

Problems with setting standards Standards v Striking the balance between national and local v Problems with setting standards Standards v Striking the balance between national and local v Unsuitable drivers: CRB checks and qualifications v Livery and imposing conditions. The appropriate use of policies?

Disabilities v Difficulties: no universally accessible vehicle v Different approaches to taxis and PHVs? Disabilities v Difficulties: no universally accessible vehicle v Different approaches to taxis and PHVs?

Quantity restrictions v Disadvantages v. Blunt tool excluding willing participants v. Difficulties with unmet Quantity restrictions v Disadvantages v. Blunt tool excluding willing participants v. Difficulties with unmet demand surveys v Advantages v. Externalities: congestion & over-ranking v Sustainability of industry

Scope & other issues v Fees v The London difference? v Coverage v Limousines Scope & other issues v Fees v The London difference? v Coverage v Limousines & chauffeur services v Motorbikes v Pedicabs v Interface with PSVs v Intermediaries

Q&A Q&A

For further information contact: • Address • Jessica Uguccioni • Steel House • 11 For further information contact: • Address • Jessica Uguccioni • Steel House • 11 Tothill Street • London • SW 1 H 9 LJ • Telephone • 0203 334 0263 • Email • Taxi-phv. [email protected] gsi. gov. uk • Website • www. justice. gov. uk/lawcommission/index. htm