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Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism in India By Minaxi Garg DGM(NLDC) May 04, 2011 Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism in India By Minaxi Garg DGM(NLDC) May 04, 2011

Outline of the Presentation § Overview of RE in India § Legal & Regulatory Outline of the Presentation § Overview of RE in India § Legal & Regulatory Framework § Salient Features of REC Mechanism § REC Procedures § REC Market Status § Way Forward

Potential of Renewable Energy in India (MW) Source Potential Installed Capacity Wind 45000 14157 Potential of Renewable Energy in India (MW) Source Potential Installed Capacity Wind 45000 14157 Biomass 17000 997 Small Hydro (< 25 MW) 15000 3042 Co-generation- Bagasse 5000 1667 Waste 2700 72 Solar > 100, 000 38 Source : MNRE

Installed Renewable Generation Capacity Biomass Power (Agro residues) <1% 8% 5% Wind Power 16% Installed Renewable Generation Capacity Biomass Power (Agro residues) <1% 8% 5% Wind Power 16% 70% Small Hydro Power (up to 25 MW) Cogenerationbagasse Solar Power Total Renewable Installed Capacity ~11% of All India Installed Capacity Contributes about 4% of total Electricity Generation 3/16/2018

The Impediments • Very high capital cost – leading to expensive generated electricity. • The Impediments • Very high capital cost – leading to expensive generated electricity. • Renewable resources though richly endowed, are unevenly distributed across the country. NLDC 5

Unevenly Distributed Renewable Resources SOLAR ENERGY MAP OF INDIA WIND ENERGY MAP OF INDIA Unevenly Distributed Renewable Resources SOLAR ENERGY MAP OF INDIA WIND ENERGY MAP OF INDIA

Electricity Act, 2003 : Enabling Provisions • National Electricity Policy to aim for optimal Electricity Act, 2003 : Enabling Provisions • National Electricity Policy to aim for optimal utilisation of resources including renewable resources. • Tariff regulations of Commissions to be guided by promotion of generation of electricity from RE sources. • SERCs to specify Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPOs). • Regulatory Commissions required to promote the development of power markets. NLDC 7

Renewable Purchase Obligations : Potential Problems • SERCs of those states, in which RE Renewable Purchase Obligations : Potential Problems • SERCs of those states, in which RE potential is not significant are constrained from specifying higher RPOs. o DERC has fixed RPO of 1%. o MPERC has fixed RPO of 10%, actual achievement < 1%. • SERCs of those states, in which the RE potential is very high (Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu etc. ) specified higher RPOs. Though significant headroom is available in these states for enhancing the RPOs, expensive renewal electricity becomes a constraint. NLDC 8

CERC REC Regulation dated 14/01/10 The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for CERC REC Regulation dated 14/01/10 The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for recognition and issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate For Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2010

BIO MASS GREEN ATTRIBUTE SOLAR RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATE GEO THERMAL rgy e En RENEWABLE BIO MASS GREEN ATTRIBUTE SOLAR RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATE GEO THERMAL rgy e En RENEWABLE ENERGY n tio ra SOLAR CERTIFICATE NON-SOLAR CERTIFICATE e n Ge WIND SMALL HYDRO ELECTRICITY

CERC REC Regulation, 2010 – Conceptual Framework RE Generation* Sale at Preferential Tariff Electricity CERC REC Regulation, 2010 – Conceptual Framework RE Generation* Sale at Preferential Tariff Electricity Component REC Component Obligated Entities Distribution Company / Third Party Sale/ Power Exchange Obligated Entities / Voluntary Buyers * Self consumption by CPPs based upon renewable generation are eligible for RECs NLDC 11

Salient Features of REC Mechanism RE Generator Trading REC 1 MWh Central Agency Salient Features of REC Mechanism RE Generator Trading REC 1 MWh Central Agency

Entities involved to Operationalise REC Mechanism Central Ø Forum of Regulators Ø Central Electricity Entities involved to Operationalise REC Mechanism Central Ø Forum of Regulators Ø Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Ø Central Agency (National Load Despatch Centre) Ø Power Exchanges Ø Compliance Auditors State Ø State Electricity Regulatory Commission Ø State Load Despatch Centre Ø State Agencies Ø Eligible Entities Ø Obligated Entities

Regulatory Framework in HP • HPERC (Renewable Power Purchase Obligation and its Compliance) Regulations, Regulatory Framework in HP • HPERC (Renewable Power Purchase Obligation and its Compliance) Regulations, 2010 dated 26 May, 2010. • Applicable to – the distribution licensee; – any other person consuming electricity- – (i) generated from conventional Captive Generating Plant having capacity of 1 MW and above for his own use; and/or – (ii) procured from conventional generation through open access third party sale.

Regulatory Framework in HP Defined minimum percentages Year Minimum Quantum of purchase (in %) Regulatory Framework in HP Defined minimum percentages Year Minimum Quantum of purchase (in %) from renewable sources (in terms of energy in k. Wh) of total consumption Total (2) Non -Solar (3) Solar (4) 2010 -11 10. 0% 10 % 0% 2011 -12 11. 1% 11% 0. 1% 2012 -13 12. 1% 12% 0. 1% (1)

Regulatory Framework in HP • REC – Valid instrument for RPO Compliance • State Regulatory Framework in HP • REC – Valid instrument for RPO Compliance • State Agency to submit quarterly status to the Commission – compliance of renewable power purchase obligation by the obligated entities • Every Captive and Open access consumer(s) to submit RPO Compliance – on yearly basis on or before the 30 th April to the State Agency

Regulatory Framework in HP • Consequences of Default : – Commission may determine on Regulatory Framework in HP • Consequences of Default : – Commission may determine on the basis of the shortfall in units of RPO and the forbearance price decided by the Central Commission – Separate fund • Utilized for purchase of RECs • partly for development of transmission/ sub transmission infrastructure for evacuation of power from generating stations based on renewable energy sources – In case of non availability of RECs – Carry Forward

REC- Detailed Procedures Procedure for ACCREDITATION (Through State nodal Agency) Procedure for REGISTRATION (Through REC- Detailed Procedures Procedure for ACCREDITATION (Through State nodal Agency) Procedure for REGISTRATION (Through Central Agency NLDC) Procedure for ISSUANCE (Through Central Agency NLDC ) Procedure for TRADING & REDEMPTION at Power exchanges

REC Fees & Charges Forbearance Price Non Solar REC ( / MWh) 3, 900 REC Fees & Charges Forbearance Price Non Solar REC ( / MWh) 3, 900 Solar REC ( / MWh) 17, 000 Floor Price 1, 500 12, 000 Accreditation Charges S. N. 1 2 3 4 Fee and Charges towards Accreditation Amount in Application Processing Fees (One Time) Accreditation Charges (One Time) Annual Charges 5, 000 30, 000 Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years 15, 000 10, 000

REC Fees & Charges Registration Charges S. N. Fee and Charges towards Registration Amount REC Fees & Charges Registration Charges S. N. Fee and Charges towards Registration Amount in 1 Application Processing Fees (One Time) 1, 000 2 Registration Charges 5, 000 3 4 Annual Charges Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years (One Time) 1, 000 5, 000 Issuance Charges S. N. 1 Fee and Charges towards Issuance of REC Fees per Certificate Amount in 10

Step Wise Schematic Description of Procedure for Accreditation Verification Prior to Accreditation 2 1 Step Wise Schematic Description of Procedure for Accreditation Verification Prior to Accreditation 2 1 Eligible Entity Application for Accreditation 3 a Confirmation of Accreditation 3 b State Agency 3 c Intimation of Accreditation SLDC Intimation of Accreditation Central Agency Application for availing Accreditation by Generating Co. to the Host SA Application shall contain details of Owner/Operator, Generating Station , Metering, Connectivity , Statutory, General , fees & charges, Declaration Separate Application for each RE Generation Project

Schematic Description of Procedure for Registration Eligible Entity State Agency 3 b Intimation of Schematic Description of Procedure for Registration Eligible Entity State Agency 3 b Intimation of Application for Registration SLDC Registration 3 c Intimation of 1 Registration Central Agency Confirmation of 3 a 3 d Registration Power Exchange(s) Verification Prior to Registration 2 Intimation of Registration Information to be furnished by the applicant Owner Details, RE Generating Station details, Certificate of Accreditation Commissioning Schedule, Details of Fee & Charges, Declaration

Schematic Description of Procedure for Issuance Intimation of Issuance State Agency 5 b 2 Schematic Description of Procedure for Issuance Intimation of Issuance State Agency 5 b 2 3 SLDC Regular Injection Report Verification Pre-Condition Central Agency Intimation of Meter Reading Issuance of REC 4 c 4 b 1 Application for Issuance Distribution Licensee 4 a Joint Meter Reading Eligible Entity 5 a

Schematic Description of Procedure for Redemption Central Agency Verification Conditions (By 15: 30) Eligible Schematic Description of Procedure for Redemption Central Agency Verification Conditions (By 15: 30) Eligible Entity Offer for Sale 13: 00 to 15: 00 hrs 1 a 2 Confirmation Of REC validity & quantity (by 16: 00) Bid for Purchase 13: 00 to 15: 00 Power Exchange(s) Intimation of Trade results For Extinguishing REC 3 (By 17: 00) Central Agency 1 b Market Clearance (Volume & Price) 4 Reports Obligated Entity / Buyer

Home Page: www. recregistryindia. in Home Page: www. recregistryindia. in

REC Regulations by States & Declaration of State Agencies REC Regulations by States & Declaration of State Agencies

Status till Date • Accreditated RE Generators ------- 60 • Registered RE Generators ------ Status till Date • Accreditated RE Generators ------- 60 • Registered RE Generators ------ 28 • RECs Issued---------------- 5035 • RECs Redeemed------------- 424 + 260

Accreditation Details Non Solar/ गर स रऊरज Wind Small Hydro Bio Mass Bio Fuel Accreditation Details Non Solar/ गर स रऊरज Wind Small Hydro Bio Mass Bio Fuel Cogeneration Urban & Municipal Waste Geothermal Total/ कल Solar/ स रऊरज Solar Thermal Solar PV Total/ कल Capacity/ कषमत (MW( सखय 159. 05 38 99. 5 77 0 0 373. 55 (MW( 0 0 0 36 9 8 7 0 0 60 0 0 0

Accredited RE Generators : 373. 55 MW State wise : As on 02. 05. Accredited RE Generators : 373. 55 MW State wise : As on 02. 05. 2011 3% 66% 12% J & K 8% Gujarat Chhattisgarh 4% Rajasthan 1% Haryana Tamil Nadu 6% Maharashtra

Accredited RE Generators : 373. 55 MW Source wise : As on 02. 05. Accredited RE Generators : 373. 55 MW Source wise : As on 02. 05. 2011 8% 21% 43% Wind Biomass Bagasse SHP 27%

Registration Details Non Solar/ गर स रऊरज Capacity/ कषमत (MW( Wind सखय 85. 25 Registration Details Non Solar/ गर स रऊरज Capacity/ कषमत (MW( Wind सखय 85. 25 13 Small Hydro 28 7 Bio Mass 70 6 Bio Fuel Cogeneration 23 2 Urban & Municipal Waste 0 0 Geothermal 0 0 206. 25 Capacity/ कषमत (MW( 28 Total/ कल Solar/ स रऊरज Solar Thermal 0 0 Solar PV 0 0 Total/ कल

Registered RE Generators : 206. 25 MW State wise : As on 02. 05. Registered RE Generators : 206. 25 MW State wise : As on 02. 05. 2011 3. 57% 10. 71% 3. 57% Gujarat Chhattisgarh Haryana Maharashtra Tamil Nadu 75. 00% J & K

Registered RE Generators : 206. 25 MW Source wise : As on 02. 05. Registered RE Generators : 206. 25 MW Source wise : As on 02. 05. 2011 11. 15% 41. 33% Wind Small Hydro 33. 94% Biomass 13. 58% Bio Fuel Cogeneration

Month-wise REC Report Month/ Year Opening Balance REC Issued REC Redeemed Closing Balance March, Month-wise REC Report Month/ Year Opening Balance REC Issued REC Redeemed Closing Balance March, 2011 0 532 424 108 April, 2011 108 4503 260 4351

REC Trading Trade Buy Bid (No. Sell Bid (No. Date of of certificates) MCP REC Trading Trade Buy Bid (No. Sell Bid (No. Date of of certificates) MCP (Rs. / Certificate) IEX MCV (No. of certificates) PXI 31 st March 2011 70701 424 3900 2225 424 27 th April 2011 260 4611 1500 -- 260

CDM & REC MECHANISM CDM & REC MECHANISM

Weblinks • • • www. recregistryindia. in www. nldcindia. in www. cercind. gov. in Weblinks • • • www. recregistryindia. in www. nldcindia. in www. cercind. gov. in www. forumofregulators. gov. in www. mnre. gov. in

Thank You NLDC 38 Thank You NLDC 38