- Количество слайдов: 14
Religion in History Animism Polytheism Monotheism Meaning for the Individual Social Cohesion Social Transformation © Karen Devine 2008
Animism People have always practiced a religion, therefore anthropologists conclude that humans are innately religious. n An ancient religious notion is ANIMISM which means a belief that all living things have a soul. n
Animism Animists worship nature for its important role in human existence now and in the future. n Eg: Native Americans would ask forgiveness from the buffalo before it was killed as a sign of respect. n In an animist’s world everything is interrelated. n
Polytheism n Ancient peoples were also POLYTHEISTS or believers in many gods. n For polytheists, their gods are vastly different to the God of monotheists.
Polytheism n n n Polytheists often see that each god is unique, possessing their own personality and playing their own role in human lives. The gods are worshipped and can have pure or evil intentions. Hinduism is an example of a modern day polytheistic faith.
Monotheism MONOTHEISM is modern in comparison with polytheism. n Monotheism is a belief in one god. n The major monotheistic faiths are: a) Judaism b) Christianity c) Islam n
n Monotheists Monotheism believe in a transcendent being beyond the present existence. n Rituals and stories are used to explain “the other” in monotheistic faiths.
Monotheism Monotheist’s belief in their God leads one to conclude that all other gods must be false. n Monotheists see that their god is: a) Omnipresent – ever present b) Omnipotent – all powerful n
Religion provides meaning for individuals n Religion provides meaning for individuals and allows them to find a place in the world. n Religion has also helped people become resilient.
Religion provides meaning for individuals Religion allows people to: a) find direction b) feel support c) celebrate life d) discover values e) make sense of the world n In history religion has had personal, social and cultural elements. n
Religion provides social cohesion Religion can be a unitive feature for society. n In ancient religions, tribal chiefs or medicine men played the role of “mediator” in resolving disputes between people. n In times of rapid changes, religious culture is often a key unitive force. n
Religion can also destroy However, with monotheistic religions, faith has been so unitive that one religion has often waged war on another. n Such combative cohesion can occur trans-nationally or within a nation as a civil war. n As much as religion unites, it can also divide. n
Religion can socially transform n n n a) b) n Many of the world’s nations have been transformed by religion. eg: Israel. Religion can demonstrate a view of a better future for all nations. It often plays roles of: supporting established structures challenging established structures. This dual role indicates that religion is not the servant of society.