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Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone. © Over 1. 5 million Americans have heart attacks every year. © Americans spend more money on heart disease than any other illness—$80 billion per year. © More people die of cardiovascular disease than from all other causes of death combined.
What Is Heart Disease? © Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries. © Heart attacks and angina pectoris are caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
What Causes Heart Disease? © Genetics and other things we can’t control © Smoking © Obesity © Hypertension (high blood pressure) © Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle) © Excess stress and tension
How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart? © Diet © Exercise © Stress Management © Substance Management © Prescription Medication © Vitamins and Other Supplements
Dietary Guidelines © Eat a low-fat diet (10 -30% of calories from fat) © Avoid foods with cholesterol © Eat 3– 5 servings of vegetable group daily © Eat 2– 4 servings of fruit group daily © Eat 6– 11 servings of grain group daily © Eat more fish and less red meat
Exercise Guidelines © Type: Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kick-boxing, etc. © Duration: 20 to 60 minutes © Frequency: At least 3 times per week © Intensity: Get heart rate up to 60 to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 – Age in years
Stress Management Guidelines © Promote informal social activities with family and friends © Manage your time wisely © Take time to rejuvenate © Be kind but assertive © Apply relaxation techniques © Meditate and/or pray
Substance Management Guidelines © Avoid smoking © Reduce or omit caffeine © Reduce alcohol consumption
Prescription Medications © Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e. g. , Lipitor (Atorvastatin) © Blood thinning drug, e. g. , Plavix (Clopidogrel) © Blood pressure lowering drug, e. g. , Lotrel
Recommended Over-the. Counter Drugs © Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood) © Vitamin C (antioxidant to prevent arterial wall damage) © Multivitamins (to improve overall health)
Bibliography © Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease, Random House, New York, 1990. © Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners, Better Homes and Garden, Des Moines, 1999.