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Regional ITU Workshop on Bridging the standardization Gap (Algiers, Algeria, 26 -28 September 2011 Regional ITU Workshop on Bridging the standardization Gap (Algiers, Algeria, 26 -28 September 2011 ) Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries Tarek Moh. El Ebiary, Director, Type Approval NTRA, Egypt Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011

Agenda Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipment; II. Impact on ICT market; III. NTRA best practices Agenda Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipment; II. Impact on ICT market; III. NTRA best practices curbing low quality products; IV. Conclusions; V. Recommendations. I. Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 2

I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments The legal definition under trademark law describes counterfeit product I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments The legal definition under trademark law describes counterfeit product as a product bearing a mark that is identical with or substantially indistinguishable from a genuine registered trademark Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 3

I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments (continued) Not only Counterfeit equipments & trademarks have reached I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments (continued) Not only Counterfeit equipments & trademarks have reached the ICT sector, but also “COPY “ , “FAKE” & Noncomplying products. “Exact Copy” “misleading appearance” Low quality materials Avoid key manufacturing steps Reduce Cost Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 4

II. Impact on ICT market Consumer exposed to money, health & safety risks; Non-competitive II. Impact on ICT market Consumer exposed to money, health & safety risks; Non-competitive environment: Disincentive for investors, International & Domestic, affecting Trade & Manufacturing, Losing thousands of jobs, Reduction of Tax revenues. Extra burden on Service providers; Qo. S, After Sales Services, Ex: Mobile phone handover 900/1800 Mhz-(2009), Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 5

III. Egypt Best Practices 2003: Telecom Act: Considering curbing counterfeit & non-complying ICT products III. Egypt Best Practices 2003: Telecom Act: Considering curbing counterfeit & non-complying ICT products Monitoring Importation & Customs ---> Issuing Clearance permit; (Articles 48 - 77) Monitoring Compliance & Quality ---> Issuing Type Approval Certificate; (Articles 44 -48) Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 6

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Equipments compliance achieved through: Declaration of Conformity certificate “Do. III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Equipments compliance achieved through: Declaration of Conformity certificate “Do. C” or “FCC ID”, (USA, Canada, Europe, Japan, South Korea, Australia), (light regime); Test reports from accredited international test labs over the 5 continents, (Other countries not including China), (tight regime); Verification of Conformity certificate (Vo. C) & Pre-shipment verification from NTRA accredited labs in China, (Special regime); ü ITU / ETSI / CENELEC / IEC standards adopted. Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 7

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Jan 2005: Labeling requirements directives: Mandatory FCC-ID / CE-NBID III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Jan 2005: Labeling requirements directives: Mandatory FCC-ID / CE-NBID Certification Marks; More Involvement of Certification bodies; July 2005: NTRA Internationally Accredited Test Labs & Certification Bodies published on NTRA website; Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 8

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2006: NTRA ICT TE Test Lab: Wireless TE Test III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2006: NTRA ICT TE Test Lab: Wireless TE Test Set (3 MHz to 6 GHZ) Signalling test Mobile GSM 2 G/3 G, CDMA 2000 FWT, Cordless Phones. 9/2. 4/5. 8 GHz, HF/VHF/UHF Transceivers); 1. 88 -1. 9 Ghz DECT phones; Analogue wired phones; EMC Test system (Immunity/Emission, Semianechoic chamber) (RFP – Jan 2012); Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 9

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2007: Chinese products special arrangement: CE Verification of Conformity III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2007: Chinese products special arrangement: CE Verification of Conformity certificate / NTRA Accredited labs in China; ( BV-ADT, CTTL, Intertek, SGS, TUV ) Based on full testing or issued based on technical evidence submitted from an internationally recognized lab. Shipment verification / NTRA accredited Labs in China; Manufacturer, importer, Model #, Serial, Qty, Cartons #, … Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 10

III. Egypt Best Practices USA, EU, Japan, S. K Chinese Equipment 2004 - 2010 III. Egypt Best Practices USA, EU, Japan, S. K Chinese Equipment 2004 - 2010 Mobile phones (continued) 2004 2007 2008 2010 1300 19 341 27. 69% 920 20 Fixed Phones 639 281 188 73. 40% 156 14 DECT phones 226 8 54 27. 43% 145 19 Wireless Eq. 2282 9 260 11. 79% 1881 132 Information Technology Eq. 1782 15 267 15. 82% 1299 201 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 2004 -2010 2004 - 2010 % others 2004 - 2010 11

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2008: New Market Surveillance Department: Market Surveillance Plus Type III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2008: New Market Surveillance Department: Market Surveillance Plus Type Approval; Samples collected from market, Cooperation with Telecom Police; Market Surveillance policies, strategies, databases, law enforcement, sales bans, fees & fines – Coordination with the German regulator; Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 12

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2010: GSMA Agreement: White list Weekly update IMEI TAC III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2010: GSMA Agreement: White list Weekly update IMEI TAC White list; 2010: Central EIR IMEI database solution: Combat handset theft issue; Illegal, Fake, NULL & Cloned IMEIs; Health & Safety concerns; 5– 8% of Handsets developing countries; 3. 5 M one illegal IMEI (13579024681122) 0. 1 M Null, 0. 35 M zeros, . 5 M Fake, . 25 M Cloned Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 13

III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Central EIR IMEI database solution NTRA ‘Master’ EIR “NTRA III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Central EIR IMEI database solution NTRA ‘Master’ EIR “NTRA database” Develop National Black list Management of all EIR data Developed International White List ranges System LVL GSMA Global Database (GSMA Agreement) Lists & configuration data Master/Slave relationship (download-reporting) Vodafone ‘Slave’ EIR Etisalat ‘Slave’ EIR Mobi. Nil ‘Slave’ EIR Network LVL Operation / Authentication Check IMEI requests with Black, White responses SS 7 MSC SS 7 Vodafone network Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 MSC SS 7 Etisalat network MSC Mobi. Nil network 14

IV. Conclusions There is market demand for these products due to: Consumer Standardization awareness IV. Conclusions There is market demand for these products due to: Consumer Standardization awareness & culture, (20 -25%); Consumer economic status: • • Low cost / unreliable operational, High cost / reliable fully functioning, Small/medium companies, Ex: Cisco Router 1721, Counterfeit 250$ , Genuine 1000$ Very weak local manufacturing of ICT TE; • Reasonable prices for quality products, • Support & perform consumer awareness campaigns. Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 15

IV. Recommendations Adopt balanced Government Policies encouraging ICT Eq. manufacturing; towards Creating manufacturing Competitive IV. Recommendations Adopt balanced Government Policies encouraging ICT Eq. manufacturing; towards Creating manufacturing Competitive environment; Subsidizing initiation of ICT Eq. Test labs; Proactive testing training activities; Aggressive Market surveillance activities; Raising consumer awareness through campaigns & introducing Certification Marks, Regulators R&D departments to work & coop with research & academic institutes, Membership & participation in international & regional standardization meetings, workshops; STGs Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 16

Thank you for your attention Any Questions? telebiary@tra. gov. eg Algiers, Algeria, 26 – Thank you for your attention Any Questions? [email protected] gov. eg Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 17