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RDA Resource Description and Access RDA Resource Description and Access

RDA: Resource Description and Access • The successor to AACR 2 • To be RDA: Resource Description and Access • The successor to AACR 2 • To be released in 2009 • Primarily web-based, but also in print form at a later stage – Text is not read in a linear fashion – Text is repeated whenever needed to support Hyperlink • Based on concepts from FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records)

RDA: Who is responsible? • Joint Steering Committee (JSC) – – – American Library RDA: Who is responsible? • Joint Steering Committee (JSC) – – – American Library Association (ALA) Australian Committee on Cataloguing (ACOC) British Library (BL) Canadian Committee on Cataloguing (CCC) Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) Library of Congress (LC) • Assisted by JSC Secretary and RDA Project Manager • JSC reports to the Committee of Principals (Co. P)

RDA Acronyms • FRBR – Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records • FRAD – Functional RDA Acronyms • FRBR – Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records • FRAD – Functional Requirements for Authority Data • FRSAR – Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records • ISBD – International Standard Bibliographic Description

Adopting RDA • Who is RDA for? – Libraries – Metadata community • Museums, Adopting RDA • Who is RDA for? – Libraries – Metadata community • Museums, archives, educators, publishers • Dublin Core compatibility • What about training? – NLA will be working with various training agencies in Australia to make the materials available and accessible to all users

New standard : why? • Simplify rules – Encourage use as a content standard New standard : why? • Simplify rules – Encourage use as a content standard for metadata schema – Encourage international applicability • Goes past AACR 2 in cataloguing digital resources – Flexibility to accommodate newly emerging resources • Support flexible catalogues – It’s about recording data, not the presentation of this data • Provide more consistency – Rules will be applied independent of any particular syntax or structure

New standard : why? – cont. • Emphasis on helping users by providing information New standard : why? – cont. • Emphasis on helping users by providing information – they need to find, identify, select and obtain information resources • Recognizes that libraries now operate in a digital web based environment. • Support integration of library catalogue records with those produced by other metadata communities.

New standard : why? – cont. • Address current problems • Principle-based – To New standard : why? – cont. • Address current problems • Principle-based – To build cataloguer’s judgment – Encourage application of FRBR/FRAD

Key FRBR concepts • An entity relationship model • FRBR Group 1 entities: • Key FRBR concepts • An entity relationship model • FRBR Group 1 entities: • Work • Expression • Manifestation • Item • FRBR Group 2 entities: • Persons, corporate bodies • FRBR user tasks: • Find, Identify, Select, Obtain

FRBR Entity Relationships Work is realized through Expression is embodied in Manifestation one many FRBR Entity Relationships Work is realized through Expression is embodied in Manifestation one many Slide on the slide by Barbara Based by Barbara Tillett, LC is exemplified by Item

Is created by Person or Corporate body FRBR Entity Relationships Work Is realized by Is created by Person or Corporate body FRBR Entity Relationships Work Is realized by Person or Corporate body Language edition of the text Videorecording of the text Videocassette Print version Abridged edition version DVD Online version is produced by Person or Corporate body Work Expression Manifestation Item Copies owned by the library

Work Expression Manifestation Item The “idea” of The Lord of the Rings: e. g. Work Expression Manifestation Item The “idea” of The Lord of the Rings: e. g. , the novel; the “movie”; the score. The realisation of The Lord of the Rings in one or more modes of expression: e. g. “English text”, “French translation”, “performance”, the director’s cut. The embodiment of The Lord of the Rings: e. g. CD audio book ISBN-13: 978 -0007141326 ; or Audio Cassette ISBN 0007127448 An exemplar of a manifestation of, “The Lord of the Rings”, e. g. : My copy!. Group 1 entities Slide by Alan Danskin, British Library

FRBR Benefits • Collocation – Better organization of the catalogue • Easier cataloging – FRBR Benefits • Collocation – Better organization of the catalogue • Easier cataloging – The ability to customize rules to suit a specific type of material. RDA will make it easier to identify basic instructions and ignore detailed instructions that are required for a more complex level of description – The ability to retrieve rules for unfamiliar formats and save them as a workflow – The ability to add users’ notes online and integrate rule interpretations and any institution policies

FRBR Benefits • Reduction in cataloging load – – – Work only catalogued once FRBR Benefits • Reduction in cataloging load – – – Work only catalogued once for all expressions of it Expression only cataloged once for all manifestations of it Item cataloging (already simple) remains the same • Circulation – Place holds at Work or Expression level rather than only at Manifestation level

Critical Differences (Changes) Between AACR 2 and RDA • Level of description – Comprehensive Critical Differences (Changes) Between AACR 2 and RDA • Level of description – Comprehensive description – Analytical description – Multilevel description • Structure • GMD/SMD [content: carrier or the physical format] – Includes the carrier and type of media • • • Music CD might be displayed as [music recording: CD audio], and Videocassette might be displayed as [moving image: video VHS] Map or Atlas on CD-ROM might be displayed as [cartographic resource: digital] – Global edit and replace function will be able to map the existing GMD to its new value in the new field

Critical Differences (Changes) Between AACR 2 and RDA – cont. • Punctuation – punctuation Critical Differences (Changes) Between AACR 2 and RDA – cont. • Punctuation – punctuation not integral BUT – Can be mapped to existing MARC punctuation or any other Schema used (such as Dublin Core, . HTML, etc. ) – Retrospective cataloguing is not required as there will be no significant changes • Compatible with AACR 2 – Instructions are not different but grouped and presented differently – Retrospective adjustment will be minimal – only where rules on access point creation have changed • Terminology

Further Changes: Rules for Access Points • Few abbreviations will be used in RDA Further Changes: Rules for Access Points • Few abbreviations will be used in RDA – Bible. O. T. – After RDA: Bible. Old Testament – Bible. O. T. Job – After RDA: Bible. Job • Rule of three • Selections • Lacking collective title

New Terminology AACR 2 terms Heading Authorized heading Main Entry Added Entry Authority control New Terminology AACR 2 terms Heading Authorized heading Main Entry Added Entry Authority control Uniform title RDA terms Access point Preferred Access point Primary Access point Secondary Access point control Preferred title Name of the work (to include name of creator when applicable)

Mandatory Elements of Description • Title • Statement of responsibility • Edition • Numbering Mandatory Elements of Description • Title • Statement of responsibility • Edition • Numbering • Publisher, etc. • Date of Publication • Title proper of series • Numbering within series • Resource identifier • Form of carrier • Extent • Scale of cartographic content • Coordinates of cartographic content

RDA & MARC 21 • AACR 2 and MARC 21 are two different standards RDA & MARC 21 • AACR 2 and MARC 21 are two different standards designed for two different purposes. • AACR 2 is largely a content and display standard while MARC 21 is an encoding standard. • RDA will contain guidelines for choosing and recording data to include in bibliographic and authority records. • MARC 21 is one possible schema for encoding records created using RDA, but it will also be possible to encode records created using RDA in other schemas, such as MODS or Dublin Core.

Examples • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone / J. K. Rowling. WORK • Examples • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone / J. K. Rowling. WORK • Language material – English • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone / J. K. Rowling. London : Bloomsbury, 1999 MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone / J. K. Rowling. London : Bloomsbury, 2000. Edition: Abridged ed. MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone / J. K. Rowling. London : Church House Publishing, 2007. Edition: Large print ed. MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [Online] MANIFESTATION EXPRESSION

Examples • Sound recording EXPRESSION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [Audiocassette] MANIFESTATION Examples • Sound recording EXPRESSION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [Audiocassette] MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [CD audio] MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone - the movie WORK • Videorecording EXPRESSION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [DVD] MANIFESTATION • Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone [VHS] MANIFESTATION

RDA Structure (Content) • Part one: Recording attributes of entities • Part two: Recording RDA Structure (Content) • Part one: Recording attributes of entities • Part two: Recording relationships between entities

Attributes of Entities • Sect. 1. Recording attributes of manifestation and item • Sect. Attributes of Entities • Sect. 1. Recording attributes of manifestation and item • Sect. 2. Recording attributes of work and expression • Sect. 3. Recording attributes of person, family, and corporate body • Sect. 4. Recording attributes of concept, object, event and place

Relationships between entities - Internal relationships • Sect. 5 – Primary relationships between a Relationships between entities - Internal relationships • Sect. 5 – Primary relationships between a work/expressions/manifestations/items • Sect. 6 – Relationships to persons, families or corporate bodies • Sect. 7 – Subject relationships

Relationships between entities - External relationships • Sect. 8 – Relationships between different works, Relationships between entities - External relationships • Sect. 8 – Relationships between different works, expressions, manifestations and items • Sect. 9 – Relationships between different persons, families, corporate bodies • Sect. 10 –Relationships between concepts, objects, events and places

Key Dates for RDA • 30 October 2008 – full draft of content released Key Dates for RDA • 30 October 2008 – full draft of content released in online product for comment • 19 January 2009 – comment period closes • Early March 2009 – JSC and Co. P meet in Chicago, to finalize the review of comments revised • Third quarter 2009 – RDA is released • Last quarter 2009 – Early 2010 – Co. P National libraries evaluate RDA prior to implementation

How to prepare for RDA • Identify local system changes required • Look for How to prepare for RDA • Identify local system changes required • Look for training courses advertised – Check ACOC website for any new information and useful links available http: //www. nla. gov. au/lis/stndrds/grps/acoc/index. html – Up-to-date information on what is happening in Australia – Join the e-mail distribution list for RDA (i. e. RDA-l) http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/rdadiscuss. html Send an e-mail to the following address: [email protected] NLC-BNC. CA In the body of the message: Subscribe RDA-L Firstname Lastname • Obtain available documents on the internet and through the National Library.

How to prepare for RDA • Financial and technical consideration – Budgeting • – How to prepare for RDA • Financial and technical consideration – Budgeting • – – There will most likely be a sliding pricing scale depending on various elements such as number of users, size of institution, type of institution, etc. Pricing information will be announced once it is set. Training, documentation Record conversion costs (when needed) System changes Managing cataloguing documentation online • Familiarisation with RDA online

Online tool • Browse, search, display • Links within and beyond RDA • Annotations Online tool • Browse, search, display • Links within and beyond RDA • Annotations and bookmarks • Updates • Profiles – persistent settings • Views - e. g. core elements • Workflows – step-by-step processes

Product Development Snapshot A Visual Tour of the Development Process Nannette Naught June 28, Product Development Snapshot A Visual Tour of the Development Process Nannette Naught June 28, 2008

RDA Home: Quick Search RDA Home: Quick Search

RDA On Ramp: AACR 2 RDA On Ramp: AACR 2

RDA On Ramp: Mappings RDA On Ramp: Mappings

RDA On Ramp: Core View RDA On Ramp: Core View

RDA On Ramp: Advanced Search RDA On Ramp: Advanced Search

References • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/rda. html • http: //presentations. ala. org/images/9/9 a/RDAForu References • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/rda. html • http: //presentations. ala. org/images/9/9 a/RDAForu m. Presentation_Naught. ppt • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/docs/iflasat ellite-20080808 -gatenby. pdf • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/docs/iflasat ellite-20080808 -kiorgaard. pdf

References • http: //www. collectionscanada. ca/jsc/rda. html • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/docs/iflasat ellite-20080808 References • http: //www. collectionscanada. ca/jsc/rda. html • http: //www. collectionscanada. gc. ca/jsc/docs/iflasat ellite-20080808 -tillett. pdf • http: //www. loc. gov/cds/FRBR. html • http: //www. nla. gov. au/lis/stndrds/grps/acoc/docume nts/Putting. RDAintocontext. Part 1 FRBR. ppt#256, 1, P utting RDA: Resource Description and Access into context 1. FRBR: Functional requirements for bibliographic records