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QUESTIONS Upitne rečenice
Types of questions in English Postoje dve vrste upitnih rečenica: u 1. Yes/No Questions – odgovor je da ili ne u Struktura: pom. glagol (AV) + S +V u Do you know where John lives? u Did she see him? u Will they come tomorrow? u Have you got a pen? u Are you having fun? u
u 2. Question Word Questions – odgovor je informacija u Struktura: Question word+AV+S+V u Question words: what, where, when, who, which, why, whose, what time, how much, how many. . . u What can I do? u Where do you come from? u How old is your son?
u Upitne rečenice u engleskom nastaju promenom reda reči: u Izjavna: S+AV+V u Upitna: AV+S+V? u Tom will – will Tom? u You have – have you? u I can – can I? u The house was – was the house?
u Present Simple – koristimo do/does u You live – do you live? u The film begins – does the film begin? u Past Simple – koristimo did u You sold – did you sell? u The accident happened – did the accident happen?
u Ali: pomoćni glagol ne koristimo ako postavljamo pitanje o subjektu rečenice. u Uporedi: u Emma phoned somebody. (Ema je nazvala nekog) u Who did Emma phone? u who – odnosi se na objekat
Somebody phoned Emma. (Neko je nazvao Emu. ) u Who phoned Emma? u Who – odnosi se na subjekat. Ne koristimo AV u Primeri: u Who wants something to drink? u What happened to you last night? u Which bus goes to the city centre? u
Negative Questions (isn’t. . . ? /didn’t you. . . ? ) u Izražavaju iznenađenje govornika: u Didn’t you hear the bell? I rang it four times. u Ili kada očekujemo da će se sagovornik složiti s nama: u Haven’t we met somewhere before? u Don’t you want to go to the party?
Red reči u pitanjima u Where has Tom gone? u U pitanjima koja se sastoje samo od jedne rečenice, AV i S zamenjuju mesta. u Ali ukoliko se pitanje sastoji iz dve rečenice, onda je red reči S+AV+V: u Do you know where Tom has gone?
u What time is it? →Can you tell me what time it is? u Who are those people? →Do you know who those people are? u Where can I find Linda? →Do you know where I can find Linda?
u DO/DOES/DID questions: u What time does the film begin? →Do you know what time the film begins (NE does the film begin) u What do you mean? →Can you explain what you mean? u Why did she leave early? →Do you have any idea why she left early?
Auxiliary Verbs (Pomoćni glagoli) u. I have lost my keys. u She can’t come to the party. u The house was built ten years ago. u Where do you live? u U ovim rečenicama postoje pomoćni glagol i glavni glagol.
Pomoćni glagoli su: to have, to be, to do, kao i modalni glagoli. u Oni mogu da zamene čitavu rečenicu, da se ne bi ponavljala: u Have you locked the door? – Yes, I have. u George wasn’t working, but Jane was. u Does Simon live here? – He did, but he doesn’t any more. u She could lend me the money, but she won’t. u
Question Tags (do you? Isn’t it? ) u You haven’t seen Kate today, have you? u It was a good film, wasn’t it? u Have you? I wasn’t it? su question tags-mini pitanja umetnuta na kraju rečenice, u govornom engleskom. Za njih koristimo pomoćne glagole (have/was/will), odnosno do/does za present s. , a did za past s.
u Pravilo je da nakon pozitivne rečenice ide negativan question tag: u Kate will be here soon, won’t she? u I obrnuto: u They don’t like us, do they? u Svi question tags prevode se kao “zar ne? ”