- Количество слайдов: 11
QOD 3/10 • QOD: Why did the citizens of Montgomery, Alabama chose a boycott as their method for changing the transportation system of the city?
Montgomery Bus Boycott Focusing Question: Why is the Montgomery Bus Boycott considered a turning point in the civil rights movement?
Rosa Parks Launches a Movement • Montgomery, Alabama- 1955 • Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger • Was required by law • Parks refused to obey the law, civil disobedience
Activity • With a partner, read the Montgomery City Code regarding segregation of city buses and answer the questions provided. • Be ready to discuss!
Montgomery City Code • Which Supreme Court case did the city code uphold? Provide specific text from the code to support this. • According to the city code, who had the authority to determine and uphold the segregation on Montgomery city busses? • Did Rosa Parks specifically violate the Montgomery City Code? Why or why not?
Montgomery Bus Boycott • Her actions encouraged other civil rights activists to fight for equality • Began the bus boycott, refusal to buy or use a specific product or service
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. • A Baptist Minister who became the leader of the Montgomery Improvement Association, the organization that sponsored the boycott • Encouraged a nonviolent protest & others to follow Christian doctrine
Impact of Bus Boycott • Why was this boycott so successful? • _______________ • What impact would this boycott have on the Montgomery bus system? • _______________
Victory • 1956 - Supreme Court ruled that the Montgomery city law that segregated buses was unconstitutional (NAACP) • **This boycott revealed the power that African Americans could have if they joined together for a cause**
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) • Organization that advocated nonviolent resistance • Created by Montgomery ministers: Ralph Abernathy & MLK
• December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks is arrested • December 5, 1955 Montgomery Improvement Association takes shape to coordinate boycott • January 30, 1956 King’s house is bombed • November 15, 1956 U. S. Supreme Court rules that bus segregation laws are unconstitutional • December 21, 1956 Montgomery City Lines resumes full bus service