56ec76e75f4d4a2ecab9b43ee9894063.ppt

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Pythagorean Theorem 2+B 2=C 2 A Michelle Moard

Egyptians § How were the pyramid’s built? (…and so precise? )

Egyptians

Egyptians

Egyptians

Pythagorean Cult § Lead by Pythagoras of Samos (570 -490 B. C. ) § Believed that everything in nature is related to math and can be predicted § Swore to secrecy and strict loyalty

Pythagorean Triples § § § 3 -4 -5 5 -12 -13 7 -24 -25 9 -40 -41 11 -60 -61

Proofs § There are numerous proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem from algebra and geometry and beyond. § Today, I will go through three of my favorite proofs.

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A

Proof A A 2+B 2=C 2

B 2+C 2=A 2 A 2=B 2+C 2

B 2=A 2+C 2

Proof B We start with a right triangle.

Proof B We construct a square by placing four congruent triangles in a manner such that the hypotenuse creates its own smaller square in the center of the larger square.

Proof B We can see that the area of the large square is (A+B) x (A+B) or simply (A+B)2

Proof B The area of the small square is C x C or C 2

Proof B The area of the original triangle is ½ (A x B)

Proof B We can see that the area of the large square is the sum of four triangles and the area of the small, square.

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 4 (½ (A x B)) + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 2 AB + C 2

Proof B (A+B)2 = 2 AB + C 2

Proof B A 2+2 AB+B 2 = 2 AB + C 2

Proof B A 2+2 AB+B 2 = 2 AB + C 2

Proof B A 2+2 AB+B 2 = 2 AB + C 2

Proof B A 2+B 2 = C 2

Proof C

Proof C We construct a square by placing four congruent triangles in a manner such that the hypotenuse is the perimeter of the large square.

Proof C The area of the large square is C x C or C 2.

Proof C The area of the small square is (B-A) x (B-A) or (B-A)2.

Proof C The area of the original triangle is ½ (A x B).

Proof C We can see that the area of the large square is the sum of the four small triangles and the small square in the center.

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 4 (½ (A x B)) + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB + (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB+ (B-A)2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB + B 2 -2 AB +A 2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB + B 2 -2 AB +A 2

Proof C C 2= 2 AB + B 2 -2 AB +A 2

Proof C C 2= B 2+A 2

Proof C A 2 +B 2= C 2

Why is the Pythagorean Theorem so Important? § Constructing 90 degree angles § Right angles are used everywhere from building construction to trigonometric functions

Does the Pythagorean Theorem apply to other powers? § What about A 3+B 3=C 3? § What about A 4+B 4=C 4?

Does the Pythagorean Theorem apply to other powers? § What about A 3+B 3=C 3? § What about A 4+B 4=C 4? § For what values of x can we find an a, b and c so that the following statement is true? Ax+Bx=Cx

Does the Pythagorean Theorem apply to other powers? Ax+Bx=Cx? X=?

Does the Pythagorean Theorem apply to other powers? Andrew Wiles proved in 1993, that Ax+Bx=Cx only works when X=2

Pythagorean Theorem 2+B 2=C 2 A Michelle Moard

Resources Used § § § & other good sites Math 128 Modern Geometry Link Dr. Peggie House Pythagorean Theorem Link Pythagorean Theorem Applet Link Pythagoras Link Wikipedia Link