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Proven Strategies for Teaching and Learning International Conference on Computers in Education Auckland (NZ), Proven Strategies for Teaching and Learning International Conference on Computers in Education Auckland (NZ), December 3, 2002 David G. Brown, University VP and Dean of the Intl. Center for Computer Enhanced Learning Wake Forest University (USA) http: //www. wfu. edu/[email protected] edu

2 The Fresh Intellectual Fashions Shape Decisions in Academe E X A M P 2 The Fresh Intellectual Fashions Shape Decisions in Academe E X A M P L E S • Textbooks • Books of Reading • Role of Gender, Nationality, Ethnicity, and Age in Dissertation Research • Now Computers “…trends in teaching and learning will be shaped by the teaching strategies that are best supported by the computer and the associated Internet. ”

3 Reasons 150 Professors Added Computer Enhancements 1. Communication-Interaction 2. Collaboration-Teams 3. Controversy-Debate 4. 3 Reasons 150 Professors Added Computer Enhancements 1. Communication-Interaction 2. Collaboration-Teams 3. Controversy-Debate 4. Customization-Diversity 5. Consultants-Adjuncts

4 • • 3700 undergrads 92% residential 1300 average SAT 500 each: Med, Law, 4 • • 3700 undergrads 92% residential 1300 average SAT 500 each: Med, Law, MBA, Ph. D $900 M endowment 26 th in US News & World Report Rhodes Scholars

THE WAKE FOREST PLAN 5 IBM A 30, Pentium III, 1. 13 GHz Processor, THE WAKE FOREST PLAN 5 IBM A 30, Pentium III, 1. 13 GHz Processor, 30 GB Hardrive, 384 MB RAM 15”Act. Matrix Screen, CD-RW/DVD, Floppy, 56 k modem, 16 MB Video Ram, 10/100 Ethernet, USB&Serial&Parellel&Infrared Ports • • • IBM Laptops for all Standard Load Includes— MS Office, Dreamweaver, SPSS, Maple, Printers for all Acrobat, Photoshop, Shockwave, Flash, New Every 2 Years Net Meeting, Real Producer & Player, Media Player, Windows XP Moviemaker, Own @ Graduation Apple Quick. Time, Netscape & Explorer, 31, 000 Connections Netscape Calendar & Communicator, Windows XP Professional Standard Software 99% E-Mail Start 1995, 4 Year Phase In +15% Tuition for 37 Items +40 Faculty and 30 Staff

FIRST YEAR SEMINAR The Economists’ Way of Thinking: • To understand a liberal arts FIRST YEAR SEMINAR The Economists’ Way of Thinking: • To understand a liberal arts education as an opportunity to study with professors who think by their own set of concepts • To learn how to apply economic concepts • To learn how to work collaboratively • To learn computer skills • To improve writing and speaking Students = 15 All Freshmen Required Course 6

7 Communication-Interaction 7 Communication-Interaction

8 Communication-Interaction • 1247 emails • One Minute Quiz • Muddiest Point • Student 8 Communication-Interaction • 1247 emails • One Minute Quiz • Muddiest Point • Student Profiles • Booce Tournament

9 Collaboration-Teams • 2 Students Submit 1 Answer • Edit Rough Draft Papers • 9 Collaboration-Teams • 2 Students Submit 1 Answer • Edit Rough Draft Papers • Power. Point in Class • Public Web Page • Name 3 Most Helpful Students

Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] - Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] - Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] - Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] - Ways YOU Increase Communication/Interaction/Collaboration [with & without “the new technology”] -

10 Controversy-Debate • More Class Time • Cross-Culture Projects • Best Web Sites • 10 Controversy-Debate • More Class Time • Cross-Culture Projects • Best Web Sites • Competitive Team Projects • Double Jeopardy Quiz

11 Customization-Diversity • Cybershows (lectures, demos) • Personal Notes (email again) • Hierarchy of 11 Customization-Diversity • Cybershows (lectures, demos) • Personal Notes (email again) • Hierarchy of Help • Preview and Review • Just In Time Teaching

12 Consultants-Adjuncts • Alumni Editors • Globe Theatre • Guests in Class • Disciplinary 12 Consultants-Adjuncts • Alumni Editors • Globe Theatre • Guests in Class • Disciplinary Colleagues • Computer Tip Talks

Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new technology”] -

Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new Ways YOU Customize and/or Use Consultants & Stimulate Controversy-Debate [with & without “the new technology”] -

13 The 5 C’s---New Opportunities Through Technology • • • Communication-Interaction Collaboration-Teams Controversy-Debate Customization-Diversity 13 The 5 C’s---New Opportunities Through Technology • • • Communication-Interaction Collaboration-Teams Controversy-Debate Customization-Diversity Consultants-Adjuncts

14 The Millennium Context • Personal. Customized. Interactive. • Learner-Centered Curriculum • Teams of 14 The Millennium Context • Personal. Customized. Interactive. • Learner-Centered Curriculum • Teams of Professionals to Support Learning • “Houses” instead of Disciplines • Hybrid Courses (80 -20 and 20 -80) • Loose-leaf Collections of Course Components, instead of Textbooks

Your Reactions to Millenium List • Most Important to Anticipate – – – Customized Your Reactions to Millenium List • Most Important to Anticipate – – – Customized & Interactive Learner-Centered Teams of Professionals Houses instead of Disciplines Hybrid Courses & Curricula Chunks instead of Textbooks • Least Important to Anticipate – – – Customized & Interactive Learner-Centered Teams of Professionals Houses instead of Disciplines Hybrid Courses & Curricula Chunks instead of Textbooks

Thoughts About Conducting Faculty Workshops at Your Universities • • • Understanding Wake Forest Thoughts About Conducting Faculty Workshops at Your Universities • • • Understanding Wake Forest Strategies Getting Faculty to Attend Focusing on Meaningful Content Conducting the Workshops Other Tips YOUR successes

Types of Workshops (for blended teaching) • • Basic Training provided by Library Professionals, Types of Workshops (for blended teaching) • • Basic Training provided by Library Professionals, in two-hour segments and groups of 5 -15, usually around Course Management System routines Discipline-Specific Training provided by Computer Specialists within Each Discipline, in groups of 1 -5. Highly sophisticated programs taught by Campus-wide computer experts, in three-hour segments to “the same” highly motivated group of about 15 faculty members Other one-on-one training is done by departmentally based specialists, by specially training students, and by the staff of our multimedia center (in the library)

Getting Faculty to Attend • Use respected faculty as instructors • Garner the sponsorship Getting Faculty to Attend • Use respected faculty as instructors • Garner the sponsorship of the Teaching. Learning Center (not the technology center) • Hold sessions in the library (or a location equally respectable even to reluctant adopters) • Limit the aspirations of each session, so that faculty leave with a sense of achievement • Be prepared to take the workshop to a particular department, if asked

Focusing Upon Meaningful Content • Start from Teaching Strategies, not educational theory & not Focusing Upon Meaningful Content • Start from Teaching Strategies, not educational theory & not specific software K • Emphasize first the strategies that are best supported by technology--- i. e. interactive, I collaborative, customized learning that is S presented in a controversial format with S assistance from adjuncts & consultants • Teach and support the low hanging fruit • Stress just-in-time sessions centered around the use of a Course Management System (e. g. , Blackboard or Web. CT)

Running the Workshops • Always coffee, soda, and cookies • Lunch for all day Running the Workshops • Always coffee, soda, and cookies • Lunch for all day sessions • Roving support staff who enable the “podium instructor” to keep moving, even when a particular individual needs special help • Printed material that accompanies presentation • Computers that are “identical” to the ones faculty will actually be using • Note to each faculty member’s department chair & dean regarding his/her participation

Other Tips • Form learning pairs, so that each person has a “buddy” in Other Tips • Form learning pairs, so that each person has a “buddy” in the group • Identify an expert who will be ready to assist workshop participants after workshop day • Ask each department chair to name a faculty member within the department to serve as liaison to the technology training effort • Recognize that different disciplines use the computer in very different ways, and therefore require different training and help-desk support

Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies - Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies -

Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies - Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies -

Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies - Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies -

Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies - Your Ideas/Tips Re Workshop Strategies -

15 Student Teacher • My. wakeforest • Custom learning team • Custom delivery • 15 Student Teacher • My. wakeforest • Custom learning team • Custom delivery • Custom learning resources Learner-Centered Learning in the New Millennium

David G. Brown Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, N. C. 27109 336 -758 -4878 email: David G. Brown Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, N. C. 27109 336 -758 -4878 email: [email protected] edu http//: www. wfu. edu/~brown fax: 336 -758 -5012 ICCEL -- Wake Forest University, 2002 16