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Prospects of Renewable Energy in Jordan Eilat-Eilot International Renewable Energy Conference 2011 22 -24 Prospects of Renewable Energy in Jordan Eilat-Eilot International Renewable Energy Conference 2011 22 -24 February 2001 Dr. Aiman Alshare German Jordanian University aiman. share@gju. edu. jo 1

Renewable Energy Drivers • Economical Aspects • Science and Technology • Clean environment 2 Renewable Energy Drivers • Economical Aspects • Science and Technology • Clean environment 2

Current Energy Consumption Snapshot Distillate oil 24% Gasoline consumption 11% Liquid gas consumption Electricity Current Energy Consumption Snapshot Distillate oil 24% Gasoline consumption 11% Liquid gas consumption Electricity generation 41% Kerosene consumption Heavy fuel 3% oil consumption in industry Natural gas 3% (imported) 5% Renewable Energy 4% Transportation 9%

Renewable Energy Resources solar panels 61% passive technologies 6% solid waste 4% Photo Volotaics Renewable Energy Resources solar panels 61% passive technologies 6% solid waste 4% Photo Volotaics 19% wind 10%

Energy Mix • • • Domestic resources 3 -4% 15 % of GNB (8 Energy Mix • • • Domestic resources 3 -4% 15 % of GNB (8 Mtoe) Renewable Energy is 5% CO 2 emission is 3. 2 ton/capita Energy consumption 1. 6 toe/capita 5

RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS Utility Scale § Concentrating solar thermal power § Solar fuels § RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS Utility Scale § Concentrating solar thermal power § Solar fuels § Photovoltaics § Wind § Biomass Distributed § Heating/cooling § Hot water § Photovoltaics 6

RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS WIND ENERGY § Wind Atlas by Danish RISO institute & JMD, RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS WIND ENERGY § Wind Atlas by Danish RISO institute & JMD, MEMR, NERC § Danish Tellus, German Co. § 20 ktoe Opportunities § Partnership Wind Turbines industry § Completion of Wind Data 7

RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS PHOTOVOLOTICS § 5 -7 k. W h/m 2/day § PV in RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS PHOTOVOLOTICS § 5 -7 k. W h/m 2/day § PV in remote area small scale 400 MW h/year (32 ktoe) RTI PV SOLAR THERMAL Opportunities § Partnership to upscale usage 8

RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS BIOMASS § Constrained vegetation § Biogas Opportunities § Family fermentation units RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS BIOMASS § Constrained vegetation § Biogas Opportunities § Family fermentation units § 100 ktoe 9

World-wide Deployment Japan ROW 3 % 7% Israel 8% Europe 17 % China 65 World-wide Deployment Japan ROW 3 % 7% Israel 8% Europe 17 % China 65 % Over 100 million m 2 collectors worldwide § Germany, Greece and Austria are three largest markets in Europe, with a combined installed solar thermal area of 9. 6 million m 2. § Austria (8 million people) has an installed solar thermal capacity of 1. 5 GWth, equal to that of the installed solar thermal capacity in the US ( nearly 300 million). 10

State of the Art: Solar Thermal Electricity (Concentrating Solar Power) § 624 heliostats; each State of the Art: Solar Thermal Electricity (Concentrating Solar Power) § 624 heliostats; each 120 m 2 § Tower height: 100 m § Rankine-cycle § Converstion = 21% peak and 16% avg. § Cost (incl. power block): 35 M€ 11 MW-e/ 55 MW-th (Sevilla, Spain) 11

Cooling of Photovoltaic Panels to Improve Efficiency. Model and Experimental Study Tareq Abu Hamed Cooling of Photovoltaic Panels to Improve Efficiency. Model and Experimental Study Tareq Abu Hamed The Dead Sea and Arava Science Center Email: Tareq@arava. org Aiman Alshare German Jordanian University E-mail: aiman. share@gju. edu. jo 12

May 1889 It worries me a lot when I think that I have done May 1889 It worries me a lot when I think that I have done so many pictures and drawings without ever selling one. Vincent van Gogh 15 Sunflowers 1987 - $40 M 13

THANK YOU EUROPEAN UNION Dr. Kurt Wiesegart – EU- Team leader of MED-ENEC Project THANK YOU EUROPEAN UNION Dr. Kurt Wiesegart – EU- Team leader of MED-ENEC Project (Energy Efficiency in the Construction Sector in the Mediterranean Ms. Alexandra Meir – EU policy officer – Delegation of European Commission to the state of Israel EILAT-EILOT organizational committee 14